The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

~ 27 ~

c. The King Taken to the Governor (27:1-2; Mark 15:1; Luke 23:1; John 18:28)

1Early the next morning, all the Chief PriestsCohenim Gadolim and the Zakenimelders of the people conspired against Yeshua to figure out how to put him to death 2They bound Him, led Him away, and delivered Him up to Pontius Pilate, the governor.

d. The Traitor’s Remorse (27:3-10)

3Then Y'hudahJudah the Sicarius who betrayed Him, when he saw that Yeshua had beem condemned to death, felt remorse, and returned the thirty silver coins to the Cohenim Gadolim and Zakenim, 4saying, “I sinned by betraying an innocent man to death.”

But they said, “What is that to us? That’s your problem!”

5He hurled the silver coins into the sanctuary and left. Then he went away and hanged himself. 6The Cohenim Gadolim took the coins and said, “We’re prohibited from putting them into the treasury, since it’s blood money.” 7So they decided to use the money to buy the potter’s field as a cemetery for foreigners; 8so that field is still called “The Field of Blood.” 9Then what JeremiahYirmeyahu the prophet spoke was fulfilled:

“They took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him upon whom a price had been set, whom some of the children of Yisra'el priced, 10and they gave them for the potter’s field, as ADONAI commanded me.”[10]

e. The Governor Confronts the King (27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; Luke 23:2-3; John 18:29-38)

11Now Yeshua stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, “Are you the King of the Y’hudim?”

Yeshua said to him, “So you say.”

12When He was accused by the Cohenim Gadolim and Zakenim, He did not respond. 13Then Pilate said to Him, “Don’t you hear how many things they testify against you?”

14The governor was amazed when He didn’t respond with even a single word.

7. Bar-Abba Released to the Mob (27:15-26; Mark 15:6-15; Luke 23:13-25)

15The governor had a custom that during the feast he would release to the mobs one prisoner that they wanted. 16At that time they had in custody a notorius prisoner named Bar-AbbaSon of a Father, Barrabas.[16] 17So when the crowd was assembled, Pilate asked them, “Whom do you want me to release to you? Barabbas? Or Yeshua, Who is called Mashiach?” 18He knew that they had delivered him up only because of their envy.

19While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man; today in a dream I suffered terribly  because of Him.”

20Now the Cohenim Gadolim and the Zakenim persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas to be released and for Yeshua to be executed. 21Again the governor asked them, “Which of the two do you want me to release to you?”

They said, “Barabbas!”

22Pilate said to them, “What then shall I do to Yeshua, who is called Mashiach?”

They all shouted, “Crucify Him!”

23But the governor said, “Why? What evil has he done?”

But they cried out all the more, “Crucify Him!”

24So when Pilate saw that he wasn’t geting anywhere and that a was starting, he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, “My hands are clean of this righteous person’s blood: it’s on you!”

25All the people shouted, “May his blood be on us, and on our children!”

26Then he released Bar-Abba to them, but had Yeshua flogged and delivered to be crucified.

8. The King Scourged (27:27-32; Mark 15:16-23; Luke 23:26-32; John 19:16-17)

27Then the governor’s soldiers took Yeshua into the Praetorium, and gathered the whole garrison together against Him. 28They stripped Him, and put a scarlet robe on Him.[28] 29They braided a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a reed in His right hand; and they kneeled down before Him, and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Y’hudim!” 30They spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him on the head. 31When they had mocked Him, they took the robe off of him, and put his own clothes on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him.

32As they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Shim`on by name, and they forced him to go with them to carry His cross.

9. The King Murdered (27:33-44; Mark 15;22-32; Luke 23:33-43; John 19:17-24)

Skull Hill, Jerusalem33They came to a place called “Golgotha,” that is to say, “The place of a skull.” 34They gave Him sour wine to drink mixed with gall.[34] When He had tasted it, He would not drink. 35When they had crucified Him, they divided His clothing among them, casting lots,[35] 36and they sat and watched Him there. 37They affixed a sign over his head with the accusation against him written, “This is Yeshua, the King of the Y’hudim.”[37]

38There were two robbers[38] crucified with Him, one on His right and one on the left. 39Those who passed were hurling abuse[39] at Him, wagging their heads, 40and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross!”

41The Cohenim Gadolim were also mocking Him, along with the Scribes, Torah teachersSofrim, PhariseesP'rushim, and the Zakenim. They said, 42“He saved others, but He can’t save himself. If He is the King of Yisra'el, let Him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in Him. 43‘He trusts in God. Let God deliver Him now, if He wants Him’;[43] for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’” 44The robbers who were crucified with Him were also insulting Him with the same words.

10. The Death of the King (27:45-56; Mark 15:33-41; Luke 23:44-49; John 19:30-37) [BACK TO OUTLINE]

45From the sixth hour[45a] until the ninth hour[45b] there was darkness over all the Land. 46About the ninth hour Yeshua cried with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” That is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”[46]

47Some of them who were standing there, when they heard it, said, “This man is calling on EliyahuElijah.”

48Immediately one of them ran, took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink. 49The rest said, “Let him be. Let’s see whether Eliyahu comes to save him.”

50Yeshua cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit. 51At that very moment, the parokhet[51a] in the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom.[51b] The earth quaked and the rocks were split. 52The tombs were opened, and the bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life; 53and after His resurrection they came out of their tombs, entered into the holy city, and appeared to many. 54When the centurion and those who were standing watch over Yeshua with him saw the earthquake, and what was happening, they were terrified and said, “Truly this was the Son of God.”

55Many women were there watching from a distance; they had followed Yeshua from the Galil, helping Him. 56Among them were Miryam Magdalene,[56] Miryam the mother of Ya'akov and Yeshua, and the mother of the sons of Zavdai.

11. The Burial of the King (27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:38-42)

The Garden Tomb, Jerusalem57When evening had come,[57] a rich man from Arimathaea, named Yosef, who himself was also Yeshua’s talmid came. 58He went to Pilate and asked for Yeshua’s body. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given to him. 59Yosef took the body, and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 60and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut out in the rock, and he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, and departed. 61Miryam Magdalene was there, and the other Miryam, sitting opposite the tomb.

12. The Tomb Sealed and Guarded (27:62-66)

62On the next day, which was the day after the Preparation Day, the Cohenim Gadolim and the P'rushim went together to Pilate and said, 63“Sir, we remember what that deceiver said while He was still alive: ‘After three days I will rise again.’ 64So order the tomb to be made secure until the third day, in case His talmidim come at night and steal Him away, and tell the people, ‘He is risen from the dead;’ and the last deception will be worse than the first.”

65Pilate said to them, “You have a guard. Go, make it as secure as you can.” 66So they went with the guard and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone.

Chapter 28


10. Zechariah 11:12-13; Jeremiah 19:1-13; Jeremiah 32:6-9 [RETURN]

16. Matthew refers to Barabbas only as a “notorious prisoner.” Mark and Luke further refer to Barabbas as one involved in a στάσις (stasis, a riot), probably “one of the numerous insurrections against the Roman power” who had committed murder. Robert Eisenman states that John 18:40 refers to Barabbas as a λῃστής (lēstēs, “bandit”), “the word Josephus always employs when talking about Revolutionaries.” Wikipedia, “Barabbas,” accessed 27 May 2020. [RETURN]

28. A scarlet robe was a symbol of Roman royalty. [RETURN]

34. According to the Talmud, “When a person is led out to be executed he is given a glass of wine containing a grain of frankincense, in order to numb his senses, as it is written, ‘Give strong drink unto him who is perishing, wine to those bitter of soul’ [Proverbs 31:6].” (Sanedrin 43a) [Source: Stern, David. Jewish New Testament Commentary, p. 83.] [RETURN]

35. TR adds “that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet: ‘They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots;’” [see Psalm 22:18 and John 19:24] [RETURN]

37. John 19:21 tells us that the Chief Priests were upset at the wording of the sign that Pilate had written announcing the crime for which Yeshua was being executed, but he gives no explanation. If we had the original Hebrew manuscript that Yochanan wrote, the reason would be likely be rather obvious. Some claim that Pilot put one over on the Chief Priests when he had the sign written. If Pilot had it written as “Yeshua the Nazarine and King of the Jews” it would look like this: ישוע הנצרי ומלך היהודים. In Hebrew it would read [y]Yeshua [h]HaNazri [w]V'Melekh [h]HaY'hudim, or יְהוָה֒ (YHVH), the covenant name of HaShem. (The English letters “V” and “W” are both the equivalent of the Hebrew letter vav, ו.) [RETURN]

38. Robber: Greek lesteß, lestes. This is the same word that John uses in his Gospel account to describe the crimes of Bar-Abba; an insurrectionist. [RETURN]

39. Greek blasfemeo, blasphemeo, to speak reproachfully, rail at, revile, calumniate, blaspheme.

43. “He committed himself to ADONAI, so let Him rescue him! Let Him set him free if He takes such delight in him!| (Psalm 22:8) [RETURN]

45a. Noon. [RETURN]

45b. 3:00 pm, the time of the daily Evening Sacrifice in the Temple, and the time for the sacrifice of the Pascal Lamb. Yeshua breathed His last at the exact moment the Passover Lamb was being sacrificed. [RETURN]

46. Psalm 22:1 [RETURN]

51a. Hebrew tkrp, poreketh, curtain or veil. There were two curtains in the Temple, one of them at the entrance to the Temple separated the Holy Place from the outer court, the other veiled the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place. (Exodus 26:31-33) These curtains were woven with motifs directly from the loom, rather than embroidered, and each curtain had the thickness of a handbreadth (ca. 9 cm or 3.5 in.). [Midrash HaGadol on Exodus 26:31; Babylonian Talmud (Yoma 72b)9] [RETURN]

51b. In Jewish tradition, when a loved one dies, his friends and relatives grasp the lapels of their garments and rip them top to bottom. HaShem in His grief over the death of His Son, tore his “garment” from top to bottom. [RETURN]

56. Six things you didn’t know about Mary Magdalene [VIDEO]. [RETURN]

57. About 6:00 pm. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Wednesday, 27 May 2020

Page last updated on Friday, 03 September 2021 01:35 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return