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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

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pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

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Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Rav Sha'ul’s First Letter to

Introductory Notes[1]

Author: Rav Sha'ul
Date of Writing: ca 64 CE
Place of Writing: a Roman Prison
Theme: Order in the Messianic Community

Along with Second Timothy and Titus, known as “Pastoral Epistles,” this letter was written from a Roman prison during the final years of Rav Shal’s life. As HaDerek — or “The Way,” as the early Messiah-following sect of Judaism was known — expanded to include an ever-increasing number of formerly-pagan Gentiles, questions of community order, soundness in the faith, and discipline arose. The Apostles considered these issues among themselves, but near the end of the Apostolic Age it became necessary for an authoritative teaching about faith and order for the future guidance of the Apostolic Community. This teaching is the subject of these three Pastoral Epistles.

Timothy was intimately associated with his mentor, Rav Sha'ul. Considerably younger than the great Rabbi, Timothy was the son of Eunice, a devout Jewish mother and a Greek father. He was a companion of Rav Sha'ul on the second missionary journey to Corinth, Macedonia, Ephesus, and other communities, as well in Jerusalem.

The defining phrase of this epistle is found in 3:15: “[that] you may know how one should behave in the household of God, which is the Messianic Community of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth.” It also provides an critical summary of the qualifications for leaders in the Community.



A. Salutation (1:1-2)

B. Warning About Heresy in Teaching and Lifestyle (1:3-11)

C. Personal Witness and Charge to Timothy (1:12-20)

D. Instruction About Prayer and the Role of Women in the Community (Chapter 2)

E. Qualifications of Elders and Deacons (Chapter 3)

F. Walk of the Good Servant of Yeshua (Chapter 4)

G. Word of the Good Servant of Yeshua (Chapter 5)

H. Warnings to the Good Servant of Yeshua (6:1-19)

I. Conclusion and Final Charge (6:20-21)


  1. Adapted from notes on First Timothy in the New Scofield Reference Bible. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Wednesday, 28 October 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return