The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!

Like this page? Bookmark and Share Share it.

Mobile Users: The page will display properly if you hold your device in “landscape”
position and use your touch gesture to resize the page to fit your screen.

Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

My short comments on the text are notated in “maroon pop-up text tipsMy comment is displayed like this.” which are accessed by “hovering” your mouse over the text or tapping your touch screen. [A few short comments look like this.] Longer comments are included in footnotes or links to other pages. Sometimes my paraphrase provides all the commentary needed to clarify the passage. I have added emphasis to some phrases simply to call them to your attention. Explanations of Greek and Hebrew words are from The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon and The NAS Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon, respectively. In order to get the most from these pages, please follow all the hyperlinks, nearly all of which will open in a new tab or window.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

The Revelation of Yeshua to Yochanan

~ 3 ~

Message to Sardis

1“And to the angel of the assembly in Sardis write:

“He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars says these things:

“I know your works, that you have a reputation of being alive, but you are dead. 2Wake up and strengthen the things that remain, which you were about to throw away,[2] for I have found no works of yours perfected before My God. 3Remember therefore how you have received and heard. Keep it and repent. If therefore you won’t watch, I will come as a thief, and you won’t know what hour I will come upon you. 4Nevertheless you have a few names in Sardis that didn’t defile their garments. They will walk with me in white, for they are worthy. 5He who overcomes will be arrayed in white garments, and I will in no way blot his name out of the book of life, and I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels. 6He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.

Message to Philadelphia

7“To the angel of the assembly in Philadelphia write:

“He Who is holy, He Who is true, He Who has the key of David, He Who opens and no one can shut, and Who shuts and no one opens, says these things:

8“I know your works (behold, I have set before you an open door, which no one can shut), that you have a little power, and kept My word, and didn’t deny My name. 9Behold, I make some of the synagogue of Satan, of those who say they are Jews, and they are not, but lie — behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you. 10Because you kept My command to endure, I also will keep you from the hour of testing which is to come on the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth. 11I am coming quickly! Hold firmly that which you have, so that no one takes your crown. 12He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he will go out from there no more. I will write on him the name of My God and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My own new name. 13He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.

Message to Laodicea

14“To the angel of the assembly in Laodicea write:

“The Amenἀμήν, Hebrew אָמֵן, Truth; from 'aman; sure, true, faithfulness, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning[14] of God’s creation, says these things:

15“I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were cold or hot. 16So, because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will vomit you out of my mouth.[16] 17Because you say, ‘I am rich, and have gotten riches, and have need of nothing,’ and don’t know that you are the wretched one, miserable, poor, blind, and naked; 18I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined by fire, that you may become rich; and white garments, that you may clothe yourself, and that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and eye salve to anoint your eyes,[18] that you may see. 19As many as I love, I reprove and chasten. Be zealous therefore, and repent. 20Behold, I stand at the door and knock.[20] If anyone hears My voice and opens the door, then I will come in to him and will dine with him, and he with Me. 21He who overcomes, I will give to him to sit down with me on my throne, as I also overcame and sat down with my Father on His throne. 22He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.”

Chapter 4


  2. NU & TR read “which were about to die” instead of “which you were about to throw away”. [RETURN]

 14. or, Source, or Head. [RETURN]

 16. Lukewarm “Believers” make HaShem sick! They make Him vomit! [RETURN]

  18. A major industry of the city of Laodicea was the manufacture of eye salfe. The residents there would know exactly what He was talming about. [RETURN]

 20. This verse is almost always taken totally out of context and used to refer to personal evangelism. Yeshua is not standing and knocking at the door of the sinner‘s heart and asking him to repent for salvation. He is standing at the door of a lukewarm church and asking them to repent and return to HaShem and His Torah, and to walk uprightly in the commands of that Torah. [RETURN]


Page posted on Shabbat, 18 April 2020.

Page last updated on Saturday, 03 July 2021 12:32 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return