The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

My short comments on the text are notated in “maroon pop-up text tipsMy comment is displayed like this.” which are accessed by “hovering” your mouse over the text or tapping your touch screen. [A few short comments look like this.] Longer comments are included in footnotes or links to other pages. Sometimes my paraphrase provides all the commentary needed to clarify the passage. I have added emphasis to some phrases simply to call them to your attention. Explanations of Greek and Hebrew words are from The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon and The NAS Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon, respectively. In order to get the most from these pages, please follow all the hyperlinks, nearly all of which will open in a new tab or window.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times


The Revelation of Yeshua to Yochanan

~ 4 ~

The Scene in the Third Heaven

1After these things I looked and saw a door opened in heaven; and the first voice that I heard, like a shofar[1] speaking with me, was one saying, “Come up here, and I will show you the things which must happen after this.”

2Immediately I was in the Spirit. Behold, there was a throne set in heaven, and One sitting on the throne 3that looked like a jasper stone and a sardius. There was a rainbow around the throne, like an emerald to look at. 4Around the throne were twenty-four thrones. On the thrones were twenty-four elders sitting,[4] dressed in white garments, with crowns of gold on their heads.

The Throne and Worship of HaShem

 5Out of the throne proceed lightnings, sounds, and thunders. There were seven lamps of fire burning before his throne, which are the seven Spirits of God. Before the throne was something like a sea of glass, similar to crystal. In the middle of the throne, and around the throne were four living creatures full of eyes before and behind. 7The first creature was like a lion, the second creature like a calf, the third creature had a face like a man, and the fourth was like a flying eagle.[7] 8The four living creatures, each one of them having six wings, are full of eyes around and within. They have no rest day and night, saying, “Holy, holy, holy[8] is the Lord God, the Almighty, who was and who is and who is to come!”

9When the living creatures give glory, honor, and thanks to him who sits on the throne, to him who lives forever and ever, 10the twenty-four elders fall down before Him Who sits on the throne and worship Him Who lives forever and ever, and throw their crowns before the throne, saying, 11“Worthy are You, our Lord and God, the Holy One,[11] to receive the glory, the honor, and the power, for You created all things, and because of Your desire they existed and were created!”

Chapter 5


  1. The shofar (Hebrew rpwX), translated “trumpet” in most English translations, is an ancient musical horn typically made of a ram's horn, used for Jewish religious purposes. Like the modern bugle, the shofar lacks pitch-altering devices, with all pitch control done by varying the player’s embouchure. See Wikipedia “Shofar.” The shofar is different than the silver trumpets that HaShem commanded Moshe to make for summoning the congregation. See Numbers 10:1-10[RETURN]

  4. Over the centuries there has been much speculation as to the identities of the 24 Elders. Nobody knows because Scripture does not identify them. If HaShem had intended for us to know their identity, He would have told us, so don’t waste your time in idle speculation that doesn’t serve to draw us closer to the Messiah. [RETURN]

  7. See Exekiel 1:5-13. See also “Why Are There Four Gospel Accounts?[RETURN]

  8. Hodges/Farstad MT reads “holy” 9 times instead of 3. [RETURN]

 11. TR omits “and God, the Holy One,” [RETURN]


Page posted on Sunday, 19 April 2020.

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:16 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return