The Center for
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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

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Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times


The Revelation of Yeshua to Yochanan

~ 11 ~

The Two Witnesses

1A reed like a rod was given to me.[1] Someone said, “Rise and measure God’s temple, and the altar, and those who worship in it. 2Leave out the court which is outside of the temple, and don’t measure it, for it has been given to the nations. They will tread the holy city under foot for forty-two months.[2] 3I will give power to my two witnesses,[3a] and they will prophesy one thousand two hundred sixty days,[3b] clothed in sackcloth.”[3c]

4These are the two olive trees and the two lamp stands, standing before the Lord of the earth. 5If anyone desires to harm them, fire proceeds out of their mouth and devours their enemies. If anyone desires to harm them, he must be killed in this way. 6These have the power to shut up the sky, that it may not rain during the days of their prophecy. They have power over the waters, to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire.

7When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them, and kill them. 8Their dead bodies will be in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified.[8] 9From among the peoples, tribes, languages, and nations, people will look at their dead bodies[9a] for three and a half days, and will not allow their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb.[9b] 10Those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them, and they will be glad. They will give gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

11After the three and a half days, the breath of life from God entered into them, and they stood on their feet. Great fear fell on those who saw them. 12I heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here!” They went up into heaven in a cloud, and their enemies saw them. 13In that day there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell. Seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

14The second woe is past. Behold, the third woe comes quickly.

The Seventh Trumpte: Messiah’s Reign Foreseen

15The seventh angel sounded, and great voices in heaven followed, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the Kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah. He will reign forever and ever!”

16The twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God’s throne, fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17saying: “We give you thanks, Lord God, the Almighty, the one who is and who was,[17] because you have taken your great power and reigned. 18The nations were angry, and Your wrath came, as did the time for the dead to be judged, and to give their reward to Your bondservants the prophets, as well as to the holy ones and those who fear Your name, to the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.”[18]

19God’s temple that is in heaven was opened, and the ark of the Lord’s covenant was seen in his temple.[19] Lightnings, sounds, thunders, an earthquake, and great hail followed.

Chapter 12


  1. A measuring device of some kind. [RETURN]

  2. Three and one-half years. For the first half of the seven-year Tribulation period, Jerusalem will again be under the control of Gentiles. Given current events, one must wonder if this means Muslims. [RETURN]

 3a. There has been much speculation, even argument, over the identity of the “two witnesses.” Some claim that they are only figurative, representing the “Law and the Prophets,” that is, the witness of Scripture. This is rediculous because the Torah and the Navi'im cannot be literally killed as the witnesses are. Many argue that the two witnesses are Moshe (Moses) and Eliyahu (Elijah), representing the “Law and the Prophets” and because of the nature of the miracles they perform. Still others argue Hanokh (Enoch) and Eliyahu (Elijah) because both of them were translated without tasting death and “it is appointed for men to die once” (Hebrews 9:7). The bottom line is this: all guesses are just guesses. Has HaShem felt it was important for us to know, wouldn’t He have told us? Will knowing the answer draw you closer to HaShem? Will knowing the answer assist you in righteous living? Then it doesn’t matter. [RETURN]

 3b. 1,260 days is three and one-half prophetic years. A prophetic year is based on the lunar calendar and is 360 days. [RETURN]

 3c.  The wearing of sackcloth is a sign of mourning. [RETURN]

  8. Jerusalem. Back under Gentile control, it seems that Jerusalem will have become as wicked as Sodom and Egypt. [RETURN]

 9a. With the advent of cable television and world-wide news broadcasting, it is now clear how their bodies will be able to be seen by the whole world. [RETURN]

 9b.  This will be especially apalling to Jews, who traditionally bury the dead on the same day as their death. [RETURN]

17. TR adds “and who is coming” [RETURN]

18. While the unrighteous are suffereing HaShem’s wrath, for the righteous of all ages this is a time of great rejoicing. [RETURN]

19. One must wonder, amidst all the miraculous events, if this Ark is literal or figurative. Is it actually the Ark from the earthly temple or is it the heavenly Ark after which the earthly Ark was patterned? [RETURN]


Page posted on Thursday, 23 April 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:16 PM
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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return