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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

WARNING: The text used for my commentary is my own paraphrase and must not be
considered “a translation” or authorative in any way. It is, in fact, simply my commentary.

Maps, when used, are from Created using BibleMapper 3.0.
Additional data from
Source of Dates Used

שְׁמוֹת֙ • Sh'mot
The Second Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


EXODUS, a “going forth,” derives its name from the Greek Septuagint translation which gave it the title Exodos, which parallels an old Hebrew name, The Book of the Departure from Egypt,” as it is primarily occupied with a telling of the departure of the Israelites from Egypt, and the incidents that immediately preceded as well as followed that memorable migration. In the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible) book names are assigned according to the first or other important word in the opening sentence. The Hebrew name of this book is שְׁמוֹת֙, Sh'mot, “Names.”


Its authorship by Moses is distinctly asserted by himself (Exodus 24:4), as well as by our Lord Yeshua (Mark 12:26, Luke 20:37). Besides, the thorough knowledge it exhibits of the institutions and usages of the ancient Egyptians and the minute geographical details of the journey to Sinai, establish in the clearest manner the authenticity of this book. See also “Introduction to Torah” and “Authorship of the Torah” in the introductory notes on Genesis.

Go to Chapter 1


A. Israel in Egypt (1:1-2:25)

1. Israel Multiplies (1:1-7)

2.Israel is Oppressed (1:8-22)

3. Moses in Egypt (2:1-25)

a. Birth and Adoption of Moses (2:1-10)

b. The Rejection and Flight of Moses (2:11-25)

B. God’s Deliverance of Israel (3:1-18:27)

1. The Burning Bush (3:1-4:31)

a. God calls Moses (3:1-22)

b. The Three Signs (4:1-9)

(1) The Staff (4:1-5)

(2) The “Leprous” Hand (4:6-7)

(3) Water to Blood (4:8-9)

c. The Appointment of Aaron (4:10-17)

d. Moses Returns to Egypt (4:18-31)

2. Pharaoh Refuses (5:1-6:13)

a. Bricks and Straw (5:1-23)

b. God Promises Deliverance (6:1-13)

3. Moses and Aaron (6:14-7:13)

a. The Genealogies of Moses and Aaron (6:14-27)

b. God Commands Moses and Aaron (7:1-7)

c. Aaron’s Staff (7:8-13)

4. The Ten Plagues (7:14-11:10)

a. The First Plague: Blood (7:14-25)

b. The Second Plague: Frogs (8:1-15)

c. The Third Plague: Lice (8:16-19)

d. The Fourth Plague: Flies (8:20-32)

e. The Fifth Plague: Cattle Disease (9:1-7)

f. The Sixth Plague: Boils (9:8-12)

g. The Seventh Plague: Hail (9:13-35)

h. The Eighth Plague: Locusts (10:1-20)

i. The Ninth Plague: Darkness (10:21-29)

j. The Tenth Plague Announced (11:1-10)

5. The Passover (12:1-30)

a. The Passover Lamb (12:1-13)

b. The Feast of Unleavened Bread (12:14-28)

c. The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn (12:29-30)

6. The Exodus from Egypt (12:31-13:22)

a. Pharaoh Lets the People Go (12:31-42)

b. Instructions for the Passover (12:43-51)

c. The Dedication of the Firstborn (13:1-16)

d. The Bones of Joseph (13:17-19)

e. The Pillar of Cloud and Fire (13:20-22)

7. The Red Sea (14:1-15:21)

a. Pharaoh Pursues the Israelites (14:1-14)

b. The Crossing of the Red Sea (14:15-31)

c. The Song at the Sea (15:1-21)

8. Journey to Sinai (15:22-18:27)

a. The Bitter Waters of Marah (15:22-27)

b. The Manna from Heaven (16:1-36)

c. Water from the Rock (17:1-7)

d. The Amalekites Attack (17:8-16)

e. Jethro’s Advice (18:1-27)

C. The Covenant at Sinai (19:1-24:18)

1. God and Israel Meet at Mount Sinai (19:1-25)

2. The Decalogue (Ten Commandments) (20:1-17)

3. Moses Mediates Between God and Israel (20:18-21)

4. The Book of the Covenant (20:22-23:33)

a. Idolatry Forbidden (20:22-26)

b. Legal Prescriptions (21:1-22:15)

(1) Hebrew Servants (21:1-11)

(2) Personal Injury Law (21:12-36)

(3) Property Laws (22:1-15)

c. Religious, Moral, and Cultic Instructions (22:16-23:19)

(1) Laws of Social Responsibility (22:16-31)

(2) Justice and Mercy (23:1-9)

(3) Sabbath Laws (23:10-13)

(4) The Three Feasts of Pilgrimage (23:14-19)

d. Epilogue (23:20-33)

5. The Covenant Sealed (24:1-18)

D. The Wilderness Tabernacle (25:1-40:38)

1. The Instructions for the Tabernacle (25:1-31:18)

a. The Collection of Materials (25:1-9)

b. Furnishings for the Tabernacle (25:10-40)

(1) The Ark of the Covenant (25:10-16)

(2) The Mercy Seat (25:17-22)

(3) The Table of Showbread (25:23-30)

(4) The Lampstand (25:31-40)

c. The Tabernacle and Its Courtyard (26:1-27:21)

(1) Curtains and Frames for the Tabernacle (26:1-37)

(2) The Bronze Altar (27:1-8)

(3) Curtains and Posts for the Courtyard (27:9-19)

(4) Oil for the Lamps (27:20-21)

d. The Tabernacle’s Personnel (28:1-29:46)

(1) The Aaronic Priesthood (28:1-5)

(2) The Priestly Garments (28:6-43)

(3) Consecration of the Priests (29:1-46)

e. Other Elements in the Tabernacle (30:1-38)

(1) The Altar of Incense (30:1-10)

(2) The Census (30:11-16)

(3) The Bronze Basin (30:17-21)

(4) The Anointing Oil (30:22-33)

(5) The Incense (30:34-38)

f. Bezalel and Oholiab (31:1-11)

g. Observance of the Sabbath (31:12-18)

2. Israel Rebels (32:1-34:35)

a. The Golden Calf (32:1-29)

b. Moses Intercedes for the People (32:30-35)

c. God’s Presence and the Israelites (33:1-23)

d. The Second Set of Tablets (34:1-9)

e. God Renews the Covenant (34:10-35)

3. The Construction of the Tabernacle (35:1-40:38)

a. The Sabbath Established (35:1-3)

b. The Collection of Materials (35:4-29)

c. Bezalel and Oholiab (35:30-36:9)

d. Curtains and Frames for the Tabernacle (36:10-38)

e. Furnishings for the Tabernacle (37:1-29)

(1) The Ark of the Covenant (37:1-5)

(2) The Mercy Seat (37:6-9)

(3) The Table of Showbread (37:10-16)

(4) The Menorah (37:17-24)

(5) The Altar of Incense (37:25-29)

g.The Courtyard (38:1-20)

(1) The Bronze Altar (38:1-7)

(2) The Bronze Basin (38:8)

(3) Curtains and Posts for the Courtyard (38:9-20)

g. Inventory of Materials (38:21-31)

h. The Priestly Garments (39:1-31)

i. Moses Approves the Work (39:32-43)

j. The Inauguration of the Tabernacle (40:1-33)

k. God’s Presence Fills the Tabernacle (40:34-38)

Go to Chapter 1

Originally posted on Monday, 13 December 2021


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