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ב״ה
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(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.


 

The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called

Genesis

~ 2 ~

Parashah B'resheet (continued)
(In the Beginning, Gen. 1:1-6:8)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

B. Shabbat Instituted (1-4)

The heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array. By the seventh day Elohim had finished the work He had been doing; and on that day He ceased[2] from all His work. Elohim blessed the seventh day, and consecrated it as holy,[3] because on that day He ceased from all His work of creation that He had accomplished.

[A:iv; S:ii] This is the history of the of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that hwhy [YeHoVaH][4] Elohim made the earth and the heavens.

C. Adam and Havah (2:5-25)

1. Creation of Man (2:5-7)

Now no shrub of the field had yet apeared on the earth, nor had any plant of the field sprouted; for hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim had not sent rain upon the earth,[5] and there was no man to cultivate the ground. But springs welled up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground. hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim formed a manHebrew אדם, adam from the dust of the groundHebrew: אדםה adamah, and breathed the breath of life into his nostrils; and the man[7] became a living beingHebrew אדם nephesh.

2. Garden of Eden (2:8-17) [Mesopotamia]

hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim planted a garden in Eden[8a] in ancient time[8b], where He placed the man He had formed. Out of the ground hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim made every tree to grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. And in the middle of the garden were the tree of life[9] and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10 A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it branched into four headwaters. 11 The name of the first is Pishonincrease: it winds through the whole land of Havilah,[11] where there is gold, 12 The gold of that land is pure, and bdellium[12] and onyx stone are also there. 13 The name of the second river is Gihon“bursting forth”. It winds through the whole land of Kush. 14 The name of the third river is Khiddeqel“rapid” - the Tigris. It runs along the east side of Assyria. The fourth river is the Perath“fruitfulness” - the Euphrates.

15 hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim took the man, and placed him in Gan Edenthe garden of Eden[15] to cultivate and keep it. 16 hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim commanded him, “You may eat freely from every tree of the garden; 17 but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; for in the day that you eat of it, you will surely die.”[17]

3. Creation of Woman (2:18-22)

18 hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim also said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a suitable helper for him.” 19 Out of the ground hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim formed every animal of the field, and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would name each one. Whatever the man called each living creature, that became its name.

[S: iii] 20 The man gave names to all livestock, and to the birds of the sky, and to every animal of the field. But for man no suitable helper was found. 21 hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim caused the man to fall into a deep sleep, and while he slept, He took one of his ribs, and closed up the area with flesh. 22 And from the rib that hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim had taken from the man, He made a woman and brought her to the man.

4. The Institution of Marriage (2:23-25)

23 The man said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh. She will be called WomanHebrew: אששה ishshah because she was taken out of ManHebrew: איש iysh.” 24 Therefore a man will leave his father and his mother, and be united with his wife, and they will be one flesh. 25 The man and his wife were both naked, and they were not ashamed.

Chapter 3

____________

 2. Hebrew: tbX (shabbat, to cease or desist from labor). The traditional translation of the Hebrew word in this verse as “rested” is, I believe, unfortunate because it suggests that the Almighty was tired from “from all His work which He had done.”

The omnipotent Almighty can never become tired. Haven't you known, haven't you heard that the everlasting God, hwhy [YeHoVaH], the Creator of the ends of the earth, does not grow tired or weary? His understanding cannot be fathomed, (Isaiah 40:28).

He had finished His work of creation, so He ceased from creating. [RETURN]

 3. Hebrew: Xdq, qadash, to consecrate, sanctify, prepare, dedicate, be hallowed, be holy, be sanctified, be separate; to be set aside for a singular purpose. To commemorate the occassion of having finished creation and declaring it to be “very good,” He made the seventh day of every week a consecrated, holy day for our ceasing from all our our labor and spending the day in particular fellowship with Him. Also, please note that this is approximately 2500 years before the Torah was given at Mount Sinai, so to say that Sabbath observance is “part of the Torah” (the falsely-called “Mosaic Law”) and therefore not applicable to Gentiles is patently absurd.

The institution of the Sabbath is as old as creation, giving rise to that weekly division of time which prevailed in the earliest ages. It is a wise and beneficent law, affording that regular interval of rest which the physical nature of man and the animals employed in his service requires, and the neglect of which brings both to premature decay. Moreover, it secures an appointed season for religious worship, and if it was necessary in a state of primeval innocence, how much more so now, when mankind has a strong tendency to forget God and His claims? [Jamieson, Fausset & Brown] [RETURN]

 4. In most English Bibles, when rendered in all capital letters or small capital letters, “LORD” or “GOD” is the translation of Elohim’s Proper Name (יְהוָ֥ה), inasmuch as it can be said the Almighty has a Proper Name. I almost always use the word hwhy [YeHoVaH] (LORD) to indicate the Sacred Name, יְהוָ֥ה (YHWH), and HaShem when otherwise referring to Him. See also hwhy [YeHoVaH] Elohim. [RETURN]

 5. It did not rain on earth until approximately 1,656 years after creation, when the first rain fell to begin the Great Flood. (Gen. 7:10-12) [RETURN]

 7. “Adam” and “man” are spelled with the exact same consonants in Hebrew (~da), so this can be correctly translated either way. [RETURN]

Location of the Garden of Eden8a. The Garden of Eden has been believed to be a myth by many scholars, because on a modern map of the Tigress/Euphrates basin there are not four rivers flowing into one. However, modern satellite imaging has discovered two dry ancient river beds (wadis) that would have joined the Euphrates as shown in this illustration. It is now believed that this fertile plain was inudated as sea levels rose and as water rushed in through the Strait of Hormuz to fill up the Persian Gulf. (More here.) [RETURN]

8b. “In ancient time,” “formerly,” or “in the east” is מִקֶּ֑דֶם (miq·qe·ḏem), Strong's Hebrew 6924: n m
   1) east, antiquity, front, that which is before, aforetime
      1a) front, from the front or east, in front, mount of the East
      1b) ancient time, aforetime, ancient, from of old, earliest time
      1c) anciently, of old (adverb)
      1d) beginning
      1e) east
   adv 2) eastward, to or toward the East. [RETURN]

9. In New Jerusalem, the Tree of Life sits between “Main Street” and the River of the Water of Life. (Rev. 21-3) [RETURN]

11. Havilah is “circle,” a part of Eden through which flowed the river Pison (Araxes); it was probably the Grecian Colchis, in the northeast corner of Asia Minor, near the Caspian Sea. [RETURN]

12.  An aromatic resin. [RETURN]

15. Hebrew-speaking people translate Gan Eden into English as “Paradise,” not to be confused with the Christian concept of “heaven.” As Yeshua HaMashiach was dying on the cross, He turned to the repentant criminal and (speaking His native language of Hebrew) said, “…today you will be with Me in Gan Eden” (Luke 23:43). [RETURN]

17. Literally, “dying, you will die.” [RETURN]

Originally posted on Tuesday, 11 August 2020

Page last updated on Monday, 18 January 2021 12:17 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!