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(Isaiah 2:3)

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The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 5 ~

Parashah B'resheet (continued)
(In the Beginning, Gen. 1:1-6:8)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

I. Adam’s Decendants to Noach (5:1-32)

1. Record of Mankind (5:1-2)

[vi] This is the record of the generations of AdamHebrew: אדם, adam“man” or “mankind” or the first man’s name. In the day that Elohim created manHebrew: אדם, adam“man” or “mankind” or the first man’s name, He made him in Elohim’s likeness. He created them male and female, and blessed them. On the day they were created, He named them man.[2]

2. Seth (5:3-5) [year 130 After Creation]

 When Adam was 130 years old, he had a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Shet. After he became the father of Shet, Adam lived another 800 years and had other sons and daughters. So Adam lived a total of 930 years, and then he died.[5]

3. Enosh (5:6-8) [235 AC]

When Shet was 105 years old he became the father of Enosh“man”. After he had become the father of Enosh, Shet lived 807 years and had other sons and daughters. So Shet lived a total of 912 years, and then he died.

4. Kenan 5:9-11) [324 AC]

When Enosh was 90 years old, he became the father of Kenan“possession”. 10 And after he had become the father of Kenan, Enosh lived a another 815 years and had other sons and daughters. 11 So Enosh lived a total of 905 years, and then he died.

5. Mahalel (5:12-14) [396 AC]

12 When Kenan was 70 years old, he became the father of Mahalal'el“praise of God”.

 13 After he had become the father of Mahalal'el, Kenan lived 840 years and had other sons and daughters. 14 So Kenan lived a total of 910 years and then he died.

6. Jared (5:15-17) [460 AC]

15 When Mahalal'el was 65 years old, he became the father of YeredJared, “descent”. 16 And after he had become the fathere of Yared, Mahalal'el lived 830 and had other sons and daughters. 17 So Mahalal'el lived a total of 895 years and then he died.

7. Enoch (5:18-20) [622 AC]

18 When Yered was 162 years old, he became the father of HanokhEnoch, “dedicated”. 19 And after he had become the father of Hanokh, Yared lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. 20 So Yered lived a total of 962 years, and then he died.

8. Methuselah (5:21-24) [687 AC]

21 Whe Hanokh was 65 years old, he became the father of MetushelachMethuselah, “man of the dart”".[21] 22 And after he had become the father of Metushelach, Hanokh walked with Elohim for 300 years and had other sons and daughters. 23 So Hanokh lived a total of 365 years. 24 Hanokh walked with Elohim, and then he was no more, because Elohim had taken him.[24]

9. Lamech (5:25-27) [874 AC]

[vii] 25 When Metushelach was 187 years old he became the father of Lemekh. 26 And after he had became the father of LemekhLamech, “powerful”, Metushelach lived 782 years and had other sons and daughters. 27 So Metushelach lived a total of 969 years, and then he died.

10. Noach (5:28-31) [1056 AC]

28 When Lemekh was 182 years old, he had a son. 29 He named him NoachNoah, “rest” or “restful”, saying, “May this one comfort us in our work and in the toil of our hands, caused by the ground which hwhy [YeHoVaH] has cursed.” 30 After he had become the father of Noach, Lemekh lived 595 and had other sons and daughters. 31 So Lemekh lived a total of 777 years, and then he died.

11. Shem, Ham, and Japeth (5:32) [1556 AC]

32 After Noach was 500 he became the father of father of Shem“name”, Ham“hot”, and YefetJapheth, “opened”.[32]

Chapter 6


2. “Adam” and “Man” are spelled with the exact same consonants in Hebrew (~da, adam) so this can be correctly translated either way. Because of the context, here it needs to be translated as “man,” meaning “mankind” or “humanity.” [RETURN]

5. One theory for the longevity of mankind before the flood is that when HaShem “divided the waters from the waters” (Gen. 1:6-8), the water “above the expanse” (firmament in the KJV) was literally suspended as vapor, or possibly ice, in the atmosphere. Remember, before the Flood it did not rain on earth (Gen. 2:5-6). All that water vapor served as a filter to block harmful radiation, which, as science currently tells us, is the primary cause of aging. [RETURN]

21. Methuselah, xlXwtm, M'thuwshelach. The NAS Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon says “man of the dart [spear or javelin], son of Enoch, 6th in descent from Seth, and father of Lamech.” Other commentators say the name means “He dieth, and the sending forth” (JF&B [Jamieson, Fausset & Brown]).

A leading Hebrew scholar of the 1700s, Dr. John Gill said:

… and that Enoch had a son, whose name was Methuselah, is affirmed by Eupolemus{r}, an Heathen writer; and Enoch being a prophet gave him this name under a spirit of prophecy, foretelling by it when the flood should be; for his name, according to Bochart{s}, signifies, “when he dies there shall be an emission,” or sending forth of waters upon the earth, to destroy it.… [Notes by Gill: {r} Apud Euseb. Evangel. Praepar. l. 9. c. 17. p. 419. {s} Thaleg. l. 2. c. 13. col. 88. so Ainsworth.]

However, this interpretation that some have suggested does not come from merely the Hebrew. The transliterated name in Greek as used in Jesus's genealogy in Luke 3:37 is: “the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan,…” The Greek from Μαθουσαλά or Mathousala, according to the New Testament Greek Lexicon literally means: “when he dies, there shall be an emission.”

However, a closer look at the Hebrew reveals that Methuselah's name may not mean this. Hebrew Scholar Dr. Ben Shaw at Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary points out:

… it is extremely unlikely that the name Methuselah has the significance that Gill and others give to it. It is unlikely for the following reasons. The name is made up of two parts: Methu and shelah. The methu part does not come from the word for death, because that would require a long u vowel between the m and the t. [It should be noted, however, that there are no vowels in the original Hebrew text. ~Ari] As it is, if this part of the name has any significance, it may come from a rare noun meaning “man.” The second part of the name cannot mean “it is sent” or “there is an emission.” Even supposing that the root meaning of the word is send (which is doubtful); it would have to be in a passive form, producing something like “shahluh.” In order to produce the meaning, “when he dies, it is sent,” the Hebrew would have to be something like bematoshahluh. Again, if the name means anything in Hebrew (which is at best doubtful), it is probably something like "man of a spear.”

So it may not be wise to continue to use Methuselah’s name to mean “when he dies it shall come” or any variation of that. Regardless, the year Methuselah died was the same year as the Flood. (Source: Answers in Genesis, “Methuselah: When Did He Die?” accessed 22 October 2019)

All that aside, Methuselah was the longest-lived man in human history, living 969 years. See the article “Who was Methuselah in the Bible?” According to Jewish tradition, “Methuselah, the longest-lived human being of all time, died at the age of 969 years on the 11th of Cheshvan of the year 1656 from creation (2105 BCE) — exactly seven days before the beginning of the Great Flood.” (, accessed 22 October 2019)

I personally believe that Shem and Melchizedek are the same person. See chapter 14, note 18.

The following two articles are mirrored without permission from solely for the purpose of education within the “Fair Use” provisions of 17USC107. If you are the copyright owner and want this material removed, please contact me and I will immediately remove it.

The Death of Methuselah

Sources: and accessed 22 October 2019.

If you match up the ages of the patriarchs, Methuselah died the same year as the Flood. It is hard to imagine that Abraham could have spoken to Shem (Noah’s son), who surely talked to his great-grandfather Methuselah, who in turn could have spoken to Adam, the first man, directly. Although the Bible never records that Adam and Methuselah or Abraham and Shem met, that possibility is likely. Consider the other patriarchs that could have talked to one another: See the chart below:

Patriarchs from Adam to Israel (Jacob)
Patriarchs from Adam to Israel (Jacob)

Though some may mistakenly think Methuselah died in the Flood, this is highly unlikely. Methuselah was raised by a godly parent (Enoch) who walked with God and pleased God so that God took him away without death. In fact, Methuselah may have actually helped Noah in the construction phase of the Ark. But his death preceded the Flood.

 Everyone today shares the same lineage from Adam to Noah, since only Noah’s family survived the Flood. After the Flood, Noah’s three sons and wives populated the earth. Noah had three sons: Japheth, Shem, and Ham (Genesis 9:24, 10:21). The list of men in the table above record Shem’s line to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who is also called Israel. Israel had twelve sons, and through his son Judah, the Bible traces the genealogy of Jesus Christ (Luke 3:23–38). The book of Genesis ends with the death of Joseph at 110 years old, one of Israel’s others sons.

The Great Ages

Source accessed 22 October 2019

Many of the ancient people listed in the Bible’s genealogies lived very long lives. Methuselah holds the title of oldest-known man at 969 years old. After he died, the Flood came. After the Flood, we see the ages of these men declining. For example, Noah lived to be 950 years old, Shem to 600, Shelah to 433, and Abraham to 175.

  Patriarch Age Bible reference
1 Adam 930 Genesis 4
2 Seth 912 Genesis 8
3 Enosh 905 Genesis 11
4 Cainan 910 Genesis 14
5 Mahalalel 895 Genesis 17
6 Jared 962 Genesis 20
7 Enoch 365 (translated?) Genesis 23
8 Methuselah 969 Genesis 27
9 Lamech 777 Genesis 31
10 Noah 950 Genesis 9:29
11 Shem 600 Genesis 11:10–11
12 Arphaxad 438 Genesis 11:12–13
13 Shelah 433 Genesis 11:14–15
14 Eber 464 Genesis 11:16–17
15 Peleg 239 Genesis 11:18–19
16 Reu 239 Genesis 11:20–21
17 Serug 230 Genesis 11:22–23
18 Nahor 148 Genesis 11:24–25
19 Terah 205 Genesis 11:32
20 Abram (Abraham) 175 Genesis 27
21 Isaac 180 Genesis 328–29
22 Jacob (Israel) 147  Genesis 47:28
Ages of the Patriarchs from Adam to Jacob (Israel)

Until the Flood (Noah’s day), living to about 900 years old was the norm … unless you were Enoch or Lamech. Like Elijah, Enoch was translated without dying (Genesis 23; Hebrews 11:5). Lamech, it seems, was a bit unusual by being about a quarter of a century away from making 800.

24. Because Hanokh (Enoch) is thought to have been taken alive by HaShem, he is said to never have died. Hebrews 9:27 says, “… human beings have to die once, but after this comes judgment…”, so many think that Hanokh (since he supposedly has never died) might be one of the two witnesses of Revelation 11:1-14. We must be careful to not read into the text here, however; the Scripture does not say that Hanokh was “translated” alive to “heaven,” but only that “he was not found, for Elohim took him.” [RETURN]

32. After the flood, Shem became the progenitor of all the Semitic tribes; Ham was the father of Kena'an and of various peoples which were inhabitants of southern lands, including the Egyptians; Yafet’s descendants settled on the coastal lands of the Mediterranean, spreading north into Europe and parts of Asia. See the Table of Nations in Genesis 10. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Tuesday, 11 August 2020

Page last updated on Monday, 18 January 2021 12:17 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return