The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית • B'resheet
(“In Beginning” or “At First”)
The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 6 ~

Parashah 1: B'resheet (continued)
(In the Beginning, Gen. 1:1-6:8)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

J. The Corruption of Mankind (6:1-8)

1. Intermarriage Brings Decay (6:1-2)

1When men began to multiply on the face of the earth and daughters were born to them, 2the sons of Elohim[2] saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they took as wives whomever they chose.

2. Mankind Given a Grace Period (6:3)

 3So יְהוָה֒[GN] [YeHoVaH] said, “My Spirit will not contend with man forever, because he is mortal; so his days will be 120 years.”[3]

3. Wicked Are Considered Heroes (6:4)

 4The N'filim[4a] were on the earth in those days, and afterward[4b] as well, when the sons of Elohim had relations with the daughters of men. They bore them children who became the mighty menהַגִּבֹּרִ֛ים (ha·gib·bō·rîm) who were of oldHebrew עלם, olam, antiquity, men of renownHebrew: שם, shem, name, reputation.

4. God Grieved by Mankind (6:5-8)

(Maftir) 5Then יְהוָה֒ saw that the wickedness of man was great upon the earth, and that every inclinationHebrew: יצרר, yetser, purpose, intent of the thoughts of man’s heart was altogther evil all the time.[5] 6יְהוָה֒ regretted that He had made man on the earth, and it grievedHebrew עצב, 'atsab, to hurt, have pain, tortured Him in His heart. 7יְהוָה֒ said, “I will blot out man, whom I have created, from the face of the earth — every man, animal, crawling creature, and bird of the sky — for I am grieved that I have made them.” 8But Noach found favor in the eyes of יְהוָה֒.

The brakah (blessing) to recite after reading the Parashah is here.

The brakah to recite before reading the Haftarah is here.

The Haftarah for this Portion is Isaiah 42:5-43:10

The brakah to recite before reading from the Apostolic Writings is here.

The reading from the Gospels is John 1:1-17

The Blessing of the Messiah to recite after reading from the Gospels is here.

Parashah 2: Noach
(Noah, Gen. 6:9-11:32)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

The brakah (blessing) to recite prior to reading the Parashah is here.

~ 6 ~

[Mesopotamia [MAP] ca 2199* BCE]

II. Parashah Noach (Gen. 6:9-11:32)

A. The Deluge (6:9-7:23)

1. Noah Found Righteous (6:9-10)

(i) 9This is the record of Noachנֹ֖חַ, Noah, “rest” or “restful”: Noach was a TzadikHebrew: צדדיק, tsaddiyq, righteous man, just, righteous (in conduct and character), blamelessHebrew: תמים, tamiym, sound, wholesome, unimpaired, innocent, having integrity among the people of his time. Noach walked with Elohimאֱלהִים, God. 10Noach had three sons: Shemשם, shem, name, Hamחם, cham, hot, and Yefetיפת, yepheth, opened.

2. Instructions for the Ark (6:11-16)

 11Now the earth was corrupt in the sight[11] of Elohim,[GN] and full of violence. 12Elohim looked upon the earth and saw that it was corrupt; for all living creatures on the earth had corrupted their ways.

13Elohim said to Noach, “I have decided to put an end to all living creatures, because through them the earth is full of violence.[13] Hinneh,[GN] I will destroy them and the earth. 14Make yourself an ark of gopher[14] wood; make rooms in the ark, and coat it with pitch inside and out. 15This is how you are to build it. The ark is to be 300 cubits450 feet long,[15] 50 cubits75 feet wide, and 30 cubits45 feet high. 16You are to make a roof for the ark, finish its walls a cubit from the top; place a door in the side of the ark, and build lower, middle, and upper decks.

3. Plan for Saving Noah (6:17-21)

 17And hinneh, I will bring floodwaters upon this earth, to destroy every creature under the heavens that has the breath of life. Everything on the earth will die. 18But I will establish My covenant[18] with you, and you will enter the ark — you, your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. 19And you are to bring two of every living thing into the ark — male and female — to keep them alive with you. 20Two of every kind[20] of bird, animal, and crawling creature will will come to you to be kept alive. 21You are also to take for yourself every kind of food that is eaten, and gather it as food for yourselves and for the animals.”

4. Noach Builds the Ark (6:22)

22So  Noach did everything precisely as Elohim had commanded him.[22]

Chapter 7


 2. “The sons of Elohim (אֱלהִים, God)” in the Scriptures almost always refers to angelic beings. Some scholars believe that “the sons of God” refers to the godly line of Seth and “the daughters of men” refers to the female descendants of the “apostate” Cain, but this theory provides absolutely no suggestion as to how these forbidden relationships could possibly have produced N'filim (נְפִילle, a race of “giants”) as offspring. I agree with those Bible scholars who believe that here “sons of Elohim” refers to fallen angels (demons) who cohabited with human women to produce hybrid giant offspring, the N'filim. The name N'filim is also used in reference to giants who inhabited Kena'an (Canaan) at the time of the Isra'elite conquest of that land according to Numbers 13:33, including Goliath and his four brothers from the Canaanite city of Gath. While some believe that God sent the flood primarily to wipe out the N'filim, the fact that Goliath and his brothers were N'filim indicates that this demonic cohabitation was resumed after the flood. These demons are called Incubi in modern demonology. [RETURN]

 3. Some think that HaShem was setting the lifespan for humans at 120 years, but that can’t be correct (Ps 90:10). I believe He was giving mankind 120 years to repent before sending the Flood (“I’m giving humanity 120 years to straighten up and repent”), during which time Noah repeatedly called upon mankind to repent (2 Peter 2:5). Noah spent 100 of those years in the construction of the ark. [RETURN]

4a. N'filim: Hebrew נְּפִלִ֞ים, nephiylim, giants, Nephilim; from נפל, naphal, fallen, to fall, to fall upon; hence either fallen angels or human “terrorists” who “fell upon” their victims. I believe the former is the case. [RETURN]

4b. That is, after the Flood. See also note 2. [RETURN]

 5. When one sees all the pure evil that is now coming from so many of our nation’s elected officials, the govenment designating an entire month to express “pride” in what God has declared blatant sin, and masses of people rioting in the streets, looting, and burning cities down in the name of some perceived injustice (with many elected officials encouraging—and even enciting—them), one is forced to wonder how long Yeshua will let it go on without interceding.

Please note that this is not intended as a political statement against either party, but rather against the idea that the elite class in America, on both sides of the political spectrum, is actively inciting violence, just like in the days of Noah.

For the coming of the Son of Man will be just like the days of Noah. For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and they did not understand until the flood came and took them all away (to judgment); so will the coming of the Son of Man be. Then there will be two men in the field; one will be taken (to judgment) and one will be left. (Matt 24:37-40)

Just as an aside, this passage from Matthew is often used to support the idea of a “Rapture” in which one will be taken off to heaven and one will be left to endure the Tribulation. However, note that the one that is taken is taken off to judgment, not to a place of escape. Therefore, this passage cannot possibly support the idea of a “Rapture.” See that discussion HERE. [RETURN]

11. Corrupt in the sight of Elohim: Hebrew: וַתִּשָּׁחֵ֥ת (wat·tiš·šā·ḥêṯ) to destroy, corrupt, go to ruin, decay, to pervert, corrupt, deal corruptly (morally) לִפְנֵ֣י (lip̄·nê), in the face. Their corruption and perversion was right in God’s face, just as it is today. [RETURN]

13. Violence: Hebrew חָמָ֖ס (hamas), violence,  wrong, cruelty, injustice. How interesting that this is the name of the terrorist organization that has vowed perpetual violence against Israel. See “The Hamas Charter.” [RETURN]

14. Gopher wood: Hebrew גֹ֔פֶר (ḡō·p̄er), perhaps cypress, remarkable for its durability and abounding on the Armenian mountains. [RETURN]

15. A cubit is the length from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow on a man’s arm, or about 18 inches or 46 centimeters on average. By comparison a football field is only 300 feet long and 160 feet wide. The ark was taller than a four-story building, and would have more than covered a standard football field. [RETURN]

18.Humanity’s responsibilities under this covenant are spelled out in verses 19-21 and in Gen 9:1-6. HaShem spells out His own responsibilities under the covenant in Gen 9:9-17. [RETURN]

20. Modern biologists estimate that only about 300 different “kinds” or species would be sufficient to represent all then-existing families of animal life. The skeptic’s argument that the ark was not large enough to house all “kinds” of animals is invalid.  [RETURN]

22. Noach immediately, and without questioning, set his hand to the task he had been assigned, and so he continued for the subsequent 100 years of ark construction. [RETURN]

First posted on Tuesday, 11 August 2020
Added dates and revised a few notes and comments on Tuesday, 29 June 2021
Added additional notes on Sunday, 03 October 2021

Page last updated on Saturday, 14 May 2022 06:25 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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