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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.


The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 14 ~

Parashah Lech Lecha (continued)
(“Get Yourself Out,” Gen. 12:1-17:27)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

D. War of the Kings (14:1-24)

1. War Among the Easterm Kings (14:1-3) [East of the Jordan River]

[iv] In those days Amrafel'sayer of darkness: fall of the sayer' - Amraphel, king of Shin'ar'country of two rivers; Aryokh'lion-like' - Arioch, king of Elasar'God is chastener' - Ellasar; K’dorla‘omer'handful of sheaves' - Chedorlaomer, king of 'Elam'eternity' or 'everythihg'; and Tid'al 'great son', king of Goyim'nations', went to war against Bera'son of evil', king of S'dom'burning' - Sodom; Birsha'with iniquity', king of 'Amora'submersion' - Gomorrah; Shin’av'splendour of the father' - Shinab, king of Admah'red earth' ; Shem’ever'lofty flight' - Shemeber, king of TzvoyimZeboi'im = 'gazelles'; and the king of Bela'destruction' (also called Tzo'arZoar = 'insignificance'). The latter five came as allies to the Siddim'field' or 'plain' Valley (also called the Salt Sea).

2. History of the Conflict (14:4-7)

 They had been subject to K’dorla‘omer for twelve years, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. In the fourteenth year K’dorla‘omer and the kings who were allied with him went out and defeated the Refa’imRephaim or Rephaites, an old tribe of giants in ‘Asht’rot-KarnayimAshteroth Karnaim, 'Ashtoreth of the two horns or peaks', the Zuzim'roving creatures' - Zuzites in Ham 'hot' or 'sunburnt', the Eimim'terrors' - Emites in Shaveh-KiryatayimShaveh = 'plain' or 'level plain'; Kiriathaim = 'two cities' , and the HoriHorites - 'cave dwellers' in the hill country of Se'irSeir = 'hairy' or 'shaggy' , as far as Eil-Pa’ranEl Paran - 'palm of Paran', which is near the wilderness. Then they turned back to invade ‘Ein-Mishpat'spring of judgment' - En Mishpat (also called Kadesh'holy'), and conquered the whole territory of the ‘Amalekidescendants of Amalek - Amalekites, and also the EmoriAmorites - 'sayers' who lived in Hatzatzon-Tamar 'dividing the date-palm' - Hazazon Tamar.

3. Defeat of the Dead Sea Kings (14:8-10) [Valley of Siddim]

Then the king of S'dom, and the king of 'Amora, the king of Admah, the king of Tzvoyim, and the king of Bela (also called Tzo'ar) marched out and arrayed for battle in the Siddim Valley against king K’dorla‘omer of 'Elam, king Tidal of Goyim, king Amrafel of Shin'ar, and king Arioch of Ellasar; four kings against five. 10 Now the Siddim Valley was full of tar pits, and the kings of S'dom and 'Amora fled, and some men fell into the pits, but the survivors fled to the hill country.

4. Lot Taken Captive (4:11-12) [Sodom]

11 The four kings seized all the propety of S'dom and 'Amora, and all their food, and went on their way. 12 They also carried off Avram’s nephew Lot and all his possessions, since he was living in S'dom.

5. Avram Rescues Lot (14:13-16) [At Dan]

13 One who had escaped came and reported this to Avram, the Hebrew.[13] At that time Avram was living near the oaks of Mamre, the EmoriAmorite, a brother of Eshkol'cluster' - Eshcol and brother of 'Aner'boy', all of whom were bound by treaty to Avram. 14 When Avram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he assembled the 318 trained men[14] born in his household, and they set out in pursuit as far as Dan. 15 During the night Avram divided his forces and routed K’dorla‘omer’s army,[15a] pursuing them as far as Hobah'hiding place' - a city north of Damascus, which is north[15b] of Dammesek'silent is the sackcloth weaver' - Damascus. 16 He recovered all the goods, as well as his relative Lot and his possessions, together with the women and the rest of the people.

17 After Avram returned from defeating K’dorla‘omer and the kings who were allied with him, the king of S'dom went out to meet him in the Shaveh Valley (that is, the King’s Valley).

6. Melchizedek Blesses Avram (14:18-20) [Near Jerusalem]

18 Then Malki-tsedeqMelchizedek, king of Salemשָׁלֵ֔ם, shalom, peace brought out bread and wine. Since he was a priest of El 'ElyonGod Most High,[18] 19 he blessed Avram saying, “Blessed be Avram by El 'Elyon, Creator of heaven and earth, 20 and blessed be El 'Elyon, Who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” Then Avram gave him a tithetenth of everything.[20]

7. Avram Refuses Reward (14:21-24) [Valley of Shaveh]

[v] 21 The king of S'dom said to Avram, “Give me the people, but take the goods for yourself.”

22 But Avram replied to the king of S'dom, “I have raised up my hand[22] to hwhy [YeHoVaH] El 'Elyon, Creator of heaven and earth, 23 that I will not accept even a thread, or a sandal strap, or anything that belongs to you, lest you should say, ‘I have made Avram rich.’ 24 I will accept nothing but what my men have eaten and the share for the men who went with me. Let Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre take their portion.”

Chapter 15


13. Hebrew, הָעִבְרִ֑י (hā·‘iḇ·rî) means “one who crosses over” or “one from beyond,” and is an ethnic designation for the patriarchs and the Israelites. [RETURN]

14. Perhaps the “security deartment” of his caravan company? [RETURN]

15a. Avram’s 318 “trained men” defeated the army of king K’dorla‘omer, who had ruled over five kings for thirteen years and who had just defeated the armies of four other kings. Teachers of military tactics will not teach the tactics of Israel, because they simply will not work. It has always been HaShem who fights Israel’s wars. [RETURN]

15b. North, ligerally “on the left hand” or north as one is facing east. [RETURN]

18. Malki-tsedeq (צֶ֙דֶק֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ, “my king is righteous” or “King of Righteousness”), the king of Salem (שָׁלֵ֔ם, shalom, peace) brought out food and wine to feed Avram and his brave warriors. Because “King of Righteousness” is one of Yeshua’s titles, most think that Malki-tsedeq (Melchizedek) was a theophany (a physical manifestation of HaShem), or more literally,  a Christophany, a pre-incarnation manifestation of Yeshua. [I am convinced that all physical manifestations of HaShem in any form are manifestations of God the Son.] I believe that Malki-tsedeq is Noah’s son Shem, Avram’s ancestor. That Shem was alive at the time of the War of the Kings is certain (see the timeline chart at note on chapter 5). At this time in earth’s history, the oldest living male of the clan was the clan’s high priest. As Avram’s oldest living male relative, Shem would have been his clan’s high priest. I believe that the Scripture is clear that he was a human being, literally the king of the city of Salem, which would later be called Yerushalayim (יְרוּשָׁלַם, “foundation of שָׁלֵ֔ם, shalom, peace”). Of course, that’s just my opinion; feel free to disagree. [RETURN]

20. Whether or not Avram recognized Malki-tsedeq (Melchizedek) as his ancestor Shem, he did recognize him as a priest of the same God that Avram served, and made an offering to him accordingly. [RETURN]

22. That is, taken an oath. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Wednesday, 19 August 2020

Page last updated on Monday, 18 January 2021 12:17 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return