The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 16 ~

Parashah Lech Lecha (continued)
(“Get Yourself Out,” Gen. 12:1-17:27)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

F. Conception and Birth of Ishmael (16:1-16)

1. Sarai Suggests a Second Wife (16:1-2) [Hebron ca 2081 BCE]

Now Avram’s wife Sarai had not born him a child, but she had an Egyptian maidservant named Hagar. So Sarai said to Avram, “Look now, hwhy [YeHoVaH] has prevented me from bearing children. Please go in to my maidservant; maybe I can build a family by her.” Avram listened to Sarai’s words.

2. Avram Takes Hagar as Wife (16:3-4a)

 So after he had lived in Kena'anCanaan for ten years, Avram’s wife Sarai took her Egyptian maidservant Hagar“flight” and gave her to Avram to be his wife.[3] He went in to Hagar, and she conceived.

3. Discord Between Wives (16:4b-6)

When Hagar reallized that she was pregnant, she began to treat her mistress with contempt[4]. Sarai said to Avram, “This wrong is your fault. I gave my servant into your arms, and when she found out that she was pregnant, she has treated me with contempt. May hwhy [YeHoVaH] judge between me and you.”

But Avram said to Sarai, “Hinneh,[GN] your servant is in your hands. Do whatever you want with her.” Sarai treated Hagar so harshly that she fled from her presence.

4. The Angel of hwhy [YeHoVaH] Talks With Hagar (16:7-12) [Near Beer-sheba]

The Angel of hwhy [YeHoVaH][GN] found Hagar by a spring of water in the wilderness, the spring along the Way to Shur. He said, “Hagar, Sarai’s servant, where have you come from, and where are you going?”

She answered, “I am runningaway from my mistress Sarai.”

hwhy [YeHoVaH]’s angel said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit to her authority.” 10 Then hwhy [YeHoVaH]’s angel said, “I will greatly multiply your offspring so that they will be too numerous to count.” 11 hwhy [YeHoVaH]’s angel continued, “Hinneh, you are pregnant and will bear a son. You shall name him Yishma‘el'God pays attention', because hwhy [YeHoVaH] has paid attention to your cry of affliction. 12 He will be a wild donkey of a man, and his hand will be against everyone and everyone’s hand will be against him; he will live in holtility toward all of his brothers.”[12]

5. Hagar Names the Angel (6:13-14)

13 She gave this name to hwhy [YeHoVaH] who had spoken to her: “You are the ElGod Who sees me,” for she said, “Here I have seen the One Who sees me!” 14 Therefore the well was called Be'er Lahai Roiwell of the Living One Who Sees Me. It is between Kadesh and Bered.

6. Ishmael is Born (6:15-16) [ca 2080 BCE]

15 Hagar bore a son for Avram, and Avram gave the name Yishma‘el'God pays attention' to the she had born. 16 Avram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Yishma‘el to him.

Chapter 17


 3. Alhough polygamy, like slavery, was practiced by the Patriarchs, the Scriptures never condone the practice of either. [RETURN]

 4. Despise, Hebrew וַתֵּקַ֥ל (wattêqal), to treat with contempt, bring contempt or dishonour, to be slight, be trifling, be of little account, be insignificant, to be lightly esteemed. [RETURN]

12. Todays Arabic peoples are mostly the descendants of Ishma'el. With few exceptions, the descendants of Ishma'el have been in constant conflict with all other ethnicities, expecially with the descendants of Isaac, for almost 4,000 years (2093 BCE-2020 CE). Today, Arabs primarily inhabit the 22 Arab states within the Arab League: Algeria, Bahrain, the Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, “Palestine,” Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The Arab world stretches around 13 million square kilometers, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean in the southeast. Beyond the boundaries of the League of Arab States, Arabs can also be found in the global diaspora. The total number of Arabic speakers living in the Arab nations is estimated at 366 million by the CIA Factbook (as of 2014). The estimated number of Arabs in countries outside the Arab League is estimated at 17.5 million, yielding a total of close to 384 million.

By comparison, due to constant ethnic purging, according to the Diaspora Affairs Ministry's statistics, there are currently only 14.4 million Jews in the world, with 6.3 million in Israel and the rest spread out over the globe. [SOURCE] (accessed 08/20/20)

Another article (accessed 08/20/20) says “there are close to 100 million people around the world with an ‘affinity’ to Judaism or Israel,” … “According to the report in Ha'aretz, the committee, which was set up in 2016 to study communities around the world of crypto-Jews, found that there are currently 9 million people around the world who are eligible for immigration to Israel under the terms of the Law of Return. In addition, there are some 95 million individuals who are likely descended from Jews but who no longer identify as Jews, including 35 million people ‘with known affinities to Judaism’ and as many as 60 million ‘unrecognized peoples with affinity to Judaism and Israel.’” [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Thursday, 20 August 2020

Page last updated on Monday, 18 January 2021 12:17 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return