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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

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The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called

Genesis

~ 17 ~

Parashah Lech Lecha (continued)
(“Get Yourself Out,” Gen. 12:1-17:27)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

G. Names and Circumcision as Signs of the Covenant (17:1-27)

1. Confirmation of the Covenant (17:1-2) [ca 2067 BCE]

When Avram was ninety-nine years old, hwhy [YeHoVaH] appeared to him and said, “I am El ShaddaiGod Almighty. Walk before me and be blameless. I will establish My covenant between Me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly.”

2. Avram’s Name Changed (17:3-7)

Then Avram fell on his face and Elohim spoke to him, “As for Me, hinneh,[GN] My covenant is with you. You will be the father of a multitude of nations. Your name will no longer be Avram‘exalted father’, but your name will be Avraham‘father of a multitude’; for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you and kings will descend from you.

[vii] I will establish My covenant as an eternalעוֹלָ֑ם., olam, everlasting, perpetual, eternal covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you.

3. Land Covenant Renewed (17:8)

 And to you and your descendants I will give the land of your sojourn, all the land of Kena'anCanaan, for an eternalעוֹלָ֑ם., olam, everlasting, perpetual, eternal possession, and I will be their God.”

4. Circumcision as a Sign (17:9-14)

Elohim also said to Avraham, “As for you, you must keep My covenant, you and your descendants for the generations to come. 10 This is My covenant with you and your descendants after you, which you are to keep: Every male among you must be circumcised. 11 You are to circumcise the flesh of your foreskin,[11] and this will be a sign of the covenant between Me and you. 12 Generation after generation, every male must be circumcised when he is eight days old,[12] including those born in your household and those purchased from a foreigner — even those who are not your offspring. 13 Whether they are born in your household of purchased, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh will be an everlasting covenant. 14 but if any male is not circumcised he will be cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.”

5. Sarai’s Name Changed (17:15-16)

15 Then Elohim said to Avraham, “As for Sarai your wife, do not call her Sarai“she who strives,” “contentious”, for her name is to be Sarahשָׂרָ֖ה , ‘noblewoman’. 16 I will bless her and will surely give you a son by her. I will bless her, and she will be a mother of nations; kings of peoples will descend from her.”

6. Abraham Amazed (17:17)

17 Then Avraham fell on his face, laughed, and said to himself, “Can a child be born to a man who is one hundred years old? Can Sarah give birth at the age of ninety?”

7. Blessings for Ishmael (17:18-22)

 18 And Avraham said to Elohim, “Oh that Ishmael might live under Your blessing!”

19 But Elohim replied, “Your wife Sarah will indeed bear you a son, and you are to name him Yit'zachIsaac, “he laughs”. I will establish My covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. 20 As for Ishmael, I have heard you; I will surely bless him and I will make him fruitful multiply him greatly. He will become the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation.[20] 21 But I will establish My covenant with Yitz'chak, whom Sarah will bear to you at this time next year.”

22 When He finished talking with him, Elohim went up from Avraham.

8. Males Circumcised (17:23-27)

 23 Then Avraham took his son Ishmael all those born in his household or purchased with his money — every male among the members of Avraham’s household — and he circumcised them that same day, just as Elohim had told him.

[Maftir] 24 Avraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised, 25 and his son Ishmael was thirteen years old when he was circumcised. 26 Avraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised on the same day. 27 All the men of his household — both servants born in his household and those purchased from foreigners — were circumcised with him.

The brakah (blessing) to recite after reading the Parashah is here.

The brakah to recite before reading the Haftarah is here.

The Haftarah for this Portion is Isaiah 40:27-41:16

The brakah to recite before reading from the Apostolic Writings is here.

The reading from the Gospels is John 8:51–58

The Blessing of the Messiah to recite after reading from the Gospels is here.

 

Chapter 18

_______________

11. The establishment of circumcision as the sign of the covenant is really quite striking. A covenant is generally “cut” by the parties to the covenant “passing through” the bloody corpses of the animals that have been “cut” for the covenant. In Jewish thought, all of the descendants of a man are contained in his “seed.” Thus through the act of circumcision, all the man’s future descendants literally “pass through” the blood of the covenant at the time of insemination. [RETURN]

12. On the eighth day of life, the nervous system — and the ability to feel pain — is not yet fully developed, and the blood’s clotting factor is at its peak; the perfect day for this surgical procedure. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Friday, 21 August 2020

Page last updated on Monday, 18 January 2021 12:17 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!