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Messianic Learning 

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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!
“Indeed, all who want to live a godly life united with the Messiah Yeshua will be persecuted.” (2Tim 3:12)
It is what you actually believe that determines how you walk out your faith, “but avoid stupid controversies, genealogies, quarrels and fights about the Torah; because they are worthless and futile.” (Titus 3:9)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית • B'resheet
(“In Beginning” or “At First”)
The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 25~

Parashah 5: Hayyei-Sarah (continued)
(“Sara’s Life,” Gen. 23:1-25:18)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

[Hebron [MAP] ca 1826 BCE]

C. Abram Marries Keturah (25:1-6)

(vi) 1Avraham had taken another wife, nameed K’turah“incense”. 2She bore him Zimran“musician”, Yokshan“snarer”, Medan“contention”, Midyan“strife”, Yishbak“he releases”, and Shuach“wealth”.

3Yokshan became the father of Sh'va“seven” or “an oath”, and D'dan“low country”.

The descendants of D'dan were the AshurimAsshurites, “guided: blessed”, the L'tushimLetushites, “hammered”, and the L'ummimLeummites, “peoples”.

4The sons of Midyan were 'Eifah“gloomy”, 'Efera calf”, Hanokh“dedicated”, Avida“my father knows”, and Elda'ah“God has known”.

All these were the descendants of K'turah.

5Avraham left everything he owned to Yitz'chakIsaac, 6but while he was still Avraham gave gifts to the sons his concubines and sent them away from Yitz'chak his son to the east country.

D. Death of Avraham (25:7-10) [1792 BCE]

7These are the days of the years of Avraham’s life: one hundred seventy-five years. 8Avraham gave up his spirit, and died at a good old age, old and contented, and was gathered to his people. [1638 BCE, 2123 AC] 9His sons Yitz'chak and Yishma‘el buried him in the cave of Machpelah [MAP] near Mamre, in the field of Ephron Benthe son of-Zohar the Hittite. 10This was the field that Avraham had purchased from the Hittiteslit. “sons of Het”; an ancient people who established an empire in Asia Minor and Syria that flourished from c. 1700 to c.1200 BCE. Avraham was buried there with his wife Sarah. 11After Avraham’s death, Elohim[GN] blessed his son Yitz'chak, who lived by Be'er Lahai Roi“well of the Living One Who sees me”. [MAP]

E. Ishmael’s Descendants (25:12-18)

(vii) 12Now this is the genealogy of Avraham’s son Yishma‘el”God will hear“, whom Sarah’s Egyptian maidservant Hagar, bore to Avraham. 13These are the names of the sons of Yishma‘el in the order of their birth: N’vayotNebaioth, “heights”, Yishma‘el’s firstborn, then Kedar“dark”, Adbe'el“chastened of God”, Mivsam“sweet odour”, 14Mishma“a hearing”, Dumah“silence”, Massa“burden”, 15Hadad“mighty”, Teima“desert”, Y'turJetur, “enclosed”, Nafish“refreshment”, and Kedemah“original”.

(Maftir) 16These are the sons of Yishma‘el, and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments: twelve princes of their tribes. 17This the length of Yishma‘el’s life: one hundred thirty-seven years. He gave up his spirit and died, and was gathered to his people. [1744 BCE] 18Yishma‘el’s descendants settled from Havilah to Shur, [MAP] which is east of Egypt as you go toward Assyria, and they lived in hostility toward all their brothers.

The brakah (blessing) to recite after reading the Parashah is here.

The brakah to recite before reading the Haftarah is here.

The Haftarah for this Portion is 1 Kings 1:1–31

The brakah to recite before reading from the Apostolic Writings is here.

The reading from the Gospels is John 4:3–14

The Blessing of the Messiah to recite after reading from the Gospels is here.


Parashah 6: Tol’dot
(“History” Genesis 25:19–28:9)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

The brakah (blessing) to recite prior to reading the Parashah is here.

VI. Parashah Tol'dot (History) (25:19-28:9)

A. Esau and Ya'akov (25:19-34)

1. Concern About Descendants (25:19-21)

(1)19This is the genealogy of Yitz'chakIsaac, “he laughs”, Avraham’s son. Avraham became the father of Yitz'chak. 20Yitz'chak was forty years old when he married RivkahRebekah, “ensnarer”, the daughter of B’tu’elBethuel, “God destroys” or “man of God” or “dweller in God” the AramiSyrian or Aramean = “exalted” of Paddan Aram, [MAP] the sister of LavanLaban, “white” the Arami. 21Yitz'chak prayed to Yehovah [Yehovah] [GN] on behalf of his wife, because she was barren. Yehovah heard his prayer and his wife Rivkah conceived.

2. Prophecy Regarding Children (25:22-23)

 22The children inside her struggled with each other, and she said, “Why is this happening to me?” She went to inquire of Yehovah . 23Yehovah said to her, “Two nations are in your womb; two peoples will be separated from your body. The one people will be stronger than the other people, and the elder will serve the younger.”[23]

[Death of Shem 1817 BCE]
[Hebron? [MAP] 1808-1807 BCE]

3. 'Esav and Ya'akov Born and Grow Up (25:24-28)

24When it was time for her to give birth, indeed there were twins in her womb. 25The first came out red all over, like a hairy garment. They named him ‘EsavEsau, “hairy,” “completely formed,” that is, having hair already. 26After that, his brother came out with his hand holdding Esau’s heel. He was named Ya'akovJacob, “heel holder” or “supplanter”. Yitz'chak was sixty years old when they were born.

27When the boys grew up, 'Esav became a skillful hunter, a man of the field, but Ya'akov was a quiet man who stayed at home. 28Now Yitz'chak loved 'Esav, because he had a taste for wild game, but Rivkah loved Ya'akov.

4. Esau Sells the Birthright (25:29-34) [1777 BCE]

 29One day whil Ya'akov was making stew, 'Esav came in from the field and was famished. 30'Esav said to Ya'akov, “Please let me have some of that red stew, for I am famished.” (That is why he was also called Edomאֱדֹם, “red”.)

31Ya'akov said, “First, sell me your birthright.”

32Esau said, “Hinneh,[GN] I am about to die. What good is the birthright to me?”[32]

33“Swear to me first,” Ya'akov said.

So 'Esav swore to him and sold Ya'akov his birthright. 34Then Ya'akov 'Esau bread and lentil stew. He ate and drank, then got up and went away. Thus 'Esav despisedto hold in contempt, disdain his birthright.[34]

Chapter 26

23. It was unprecedented in Bible times for the elder to serve the younger. [RETURN]

32. Clearly an exaggeration. How often are we, as Believers, willing to “sell” our spiritual birthright for a bit of physical gratification? [RETURN]

34. The birthright refers to the right of the eldest son as chief inheritor of the father’s estate; a double portion. If there were more than two sons, the eldest would recieve two shares; if only two sons, the elder would receive 2/3 of everything, plus rights as head of the clan. In this case, 'Esav also transferred to Ya'akov his right to inherit the covenant that HaShem had made with his father and grandfather. [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Thursday, 29 July 2021

Page last updated on Tuesday, 27 September 2022 03:23 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

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