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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.


בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית • B'resheet
(“In Beginning” or “At First”)
The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called

Genesis


Parashah 6: Tol’dot (continued)
(“History” Genesis 25:19–28:9)
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

~ 27 ~

[Be'ershiva [MAP] 1730 BCE]

2. Yitzchak Prepares a Blessing (27:1-4)

1When Yitz'chakIsaac, יִצְחָ֔ק, “he laughs” was old, and his eyes were so weak that he could no longer see, he called his elder son 'EsavEsau, עֵשָׂ֣ו, “hairy” and said to him, “My son?”

'Esav answered, “Here I am.”[1]

2Hinneh,”[GN]Yitz'chak said, “I’m now old and I don’t know the day of my death. 3Please take your hunting gear, your quiver and your bow, and go out to the field and hunt some game for me. 4Make me some of that savory food I love, and bring it to me to eat, and that I may bless you before I die.”

3. Rivkah and Ya'akov Conspire (27:5-17)

5Rivkahרִבְקָה, Rebekah, “ensnarer” was listening to what Yitz'chak said to his son 'Esav. So when 'Esav went into the field to hunt for game and bring it back, 6Rivkah said to her son Ya'akovJacob, יַעֲקֹ֥ב, “heel holder” or “supplanter”, “Hinneh,[GN] I overheard your father tell your brother 'Esav, 7‘Bring me some game and make me savory food for me to eat before I bless you in the presence of יְהוָ֖ה [YeHoVaH] [GN] before I die.’ 8Now, my son, listen to that I tell you and do exactly what I say. 9Go out to the flock and get me two choice young goats so I can make a savory dish out of them for your father, the kind he loves. 10Then take it to your father to eat so he may bless you before he dies.”

11Ya'akov answered his mother Rivkah, “Hinneh, my brother 'Esav is a hairy man, but my skin is smooth. 12What if my father touches me? Then he would discover that I am a deceiver,[12] and I would bring a curse on myself instead of a blessing.”

13His mother answered, “Let your curse be on me, my son. Just do what I’m telling you, and go get them for me.”

14So Ya'akov went and got them, and brought them to his mother, who made the savory food his father loved. 15Rivkah took some fine clothes were there in the house that belonged to her eldist son 'Esav, and put them on her younger son Ya'akov. 16She also put the skins of the young goats on his hands and on the smooth part of his neck. 17Then she handed her son Ya'akov the savory food and the bread she had prepared.

3. Ya'akov Deceives Yitz'chak (27:18-25)

18Ya'akov went to his father and said, “My father?”

“Here I am,”[18] He answered. “Who are you, my son?”

19Ya'akov said to his father, “I am 'Esav, your firstborn. I have done what you asked me to do. Please sit up and eat some of my game so that you may bless me.”[19]

20But Yitz'chak asked, “How did you find it so quickly, my son?”

He said, “Because יְהוָ֖ה your God[20] brought it to me.”

21Then Yitz'chak said to Ya'akov, “Please come closer so I can touch you, my son, and see whether or not you are really my son 'Esav.”

22So Ya'akov came close to his father Yitz'chak, who touched him and said, “The voice is Ya'akov’s, but the hands are 'Esav’s.” 23Yitz'chak didn’t recognize Ya'akov, because his hands were hairy, like his brother 'Esav’s hands. So he blessed him. 24Again Yitz'chak asked, “Are you really my son 'Esav?”

He answered, “I am.”

25Yitz'chak said, “Bring it here to me, and I will eat my son’s game, so that I may bless you.”

Ya'akov brought the food to to him, and he ate. He also brought him wine, and he drank.

4. Yitzchak Blesses Ya'akov (27:26-29)

 26Then His father Yitz'chak said to him, “Please come close and kiss me, my son.” 27When He came close and kissed him, Yitz'chak smelled his clothing and blessed him, saying,

“See, the smell of my son is like the smell of a field that יְהוָ֖ה has blessed.

(vi) 28May Elohim[GN] give you the dew of heaven, the richness of the earth — an abundance of grain and new wine. 29May peoples serve you and nations bow down to you. May you be the master of your brothers. May your mother’s sons bow down to you. May those who curse you be cursed, and those who bless you be blessed.”

5. 'Esav Learns of the Deception (27:30-36a)

30As soon as Yitz'chak had finished blessing Ya'akov and he had left the his father’s presence, his brother 'Esav returned from his hunting. 31He also made some savory food and brought it to his father. He said to his father, “Father, sit up and eat your son’s game, so that you may bless me.”

32But his father Yitz'chak asked him, “Who are you?”

“I am your firstborn son, 'Esav,” he replied.

33Yitz'chak began to shake with rage, and said, “Then who was it who hunted game and brought it to me.  Before you came in, I ate it all and blessed him — and indeed he will be blessed!”

34When 'Esav heard what his father said, he cried out in anguish and said to his father, “Bless me too, father.”

35Yitz'chak replied, “Your brother came deceitfully, and has taken your blessing.”

36'Esav said, “Isn’t he rightly named Ya'akov“supplanter”? For he has cheated[36a] me twice now. He took away my birthright, and now he has taken away my blessing also.”[36b]

6. 'Esav Enraged (27:36b-41)

Then he asked, “Haven’t you reserved a blessing for me?”

37Yitz'chak answered 'Esav, “Hinneh, I have made him your master and have given him all his relatives as servants. I have sustained him with grain and new wine. What is left that I do for you, my son?”

38'Esav asked his father, “Do you have just one blessing, my father? Bless me too, my father.” Then 'Esav and wept loudly.

39His father Yitz'chak answered him,

Hinneh, your dwelling place will be away from the richness of the earth, and and away from the dew of the sky above. 40You will live by your sword, and you will serve your brother. Some day when you rebel, you will tear his yoke from your neck.”

41'Esav held a grudge against Ya'akov because of the blessing his father given him. 'Esav said in his heart, “The days of mourning for my father are near. Then I will kill my brother Ya'akov.”

[Be'ershiva [MAP] 1730 BCE]

D. Ya'akov Prepares to Leave for Haran (27:42-28:9)

1. Rivkah Plans Ya'akov’s Exile (27:42-45)

42When Rivkah was told what her elder son 'Esav had said, she sent for her younger son Ya'akov and told him, “Hinneh, your brother 'Esav is consoling himself by planning to kill you. 43So listen to me, son, and obey me. Get up and flee to my brother LavanLaban, “white” in Haran. [MAP] 44Stay with him for a while until your brother has gotten over his fury — 45until your brother’s rage against you subsides, and he forgets what you have done to him. Then I will send for you, and bring you back from there. Why should I lose both of you in one day?”

2. Yitzhak Blesses the Mission (27:46-28:5)

46Then Rivkah said to Yitz'chak, “I am sick of living because of these Hittite women. If Ya'akov marries a Hittite wife like one of them, what good is my life?”

Chapter 28

_______________

  1. Hebrew הִנֵּֽנִי (hin·nê·nî), “See me.” [RETURN]

12. Just as his name suggests. [RETURN]

18. Hebrew הִנֵּֽנִי (hin·nê·nî), “See me.” [RETURN]

19. “… you may bless me.” Literally, “… your soul may bless me…” Heb. נַפְשֶֽׁךָ (nap̄·še·ḵā), from נֶפֶשׁ (nephesh), soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion. The construction indicates a specific and direct activity of the will. Likewise throughout the chapter. [RETURN]

20. How interesting that he said, “your God,” and not “my God” or “our God.” [RETURN]

36a. Cheated: Heb. וַֽיַּעְקְבֵ֙נִי֙ (way·ya‘·qə·ḇê·nî) to supplant, circumvent, take by the heel, follow at the heel, assail insidiously, overreach, to hold back. [RETURN]

36b. Yitz'chak had indeed acted deceitfully, but 'Esav had sold Yitz'chak the birthright blessing for a bowl of lentil stew. (Gen 25:29-34) [RETURN]

 

Page originally posted on Tuesday, 10 August 2021

Page last updated on Sunday, 05 June 2022 10:30 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!

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