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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

WARNING: The text used for my commentary is my own paraphrase and must not be
considered “a translation” or authorative in any way. It is, in fact, simply my commentary.

Maps, when used, are from Created using BibleMapper 3.0.
Additional data from
Source of Dates Used

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית • B'resheet
(“In Beginning” or “At First”)
The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 36 ~

Parashah 8: VaYishlach (continued)
(“And He Sent Out”) • Genesis 32:3 –36:43

(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

G. Edomites: Descendants of Esau (ch 36) [1730 BCE]

1. 'Esavְ’s Canaanite wives (36:1-5)

1Now thse are the descendants of 'Esav“hairy” (that is, Edom“red”[1]). 2'Esav took his wives from the Kena‘aniCanaanite women: Adah“ornament” the daughter of Elon[2] the Hittite; and OholivamahAholibamah = “tent of the high place” the daughter of 'Anah“answer” and granddaughter of Tziv‘on“colored”, the Hivite; 3and Ishmael’s daughter Basemathor Basmath, “spice”, sister of NebaiothNebaioth or Nebajoth, “heights”.[3] 4Adah bore Elifaz“my God is (fine) gold” to 'Esav. Basemath bore Re'u'elReuel or Raguel, “friend of God”. 5Oholivamah bore Ye‘ushJehush or Ye‘ush, “He hurries to aid”, Ya‘lamJaalam = 'concealed', and Korach“bald”. These are the sons of 'Esav who were born to him in the land of Kena'an.[5]

2. 'Esav Settles in Se‘ir (36:6-8)

6'Esav took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, with his livestock, all his animals, and all the possessions he had acquired in Kena'an, and moved to a land far away from his brother Ya'akov. 7For their possessions were too great for them to live together, and because their herds were so great the land could’t support them. 8so 'Esav, that is Edom, settled in the hill country of Se'ir. [MAP]

3. The Tribes of the Edomites (36:9-43)

9This is the history of the descendants of 'Esav the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Se'ir: 10these are the names of 'Esav’s sons: Elifaz, the son of 'Esav’s wife Adah, and Re'u'el, the son of 'Esav’s wife Basemath.

11The sons of Elifaz were Teman“south”, Omar“speaker” or “eloquent”, Tzefo“watch tower”, Ga‘tam“a burht valley”, and K’naz“hunter”. 12Timna, a concubine of 'Esav’s son Elifaz, bore Amalek“valley dweller”. These are the grandsons of 'Esav’s wife Adah.

13The sons of Re'u'el were Nachat“rest”, Zerach“rising”, Shammah“astonishment”, and Mizah“fear”. These were the grandsons of ‘Esav’s wife Basmat.

14These are the sons of ‘Esav’s wife Oholivamah, the daughter of 'Anah and granddaughter of Tziv‘on, that she bore to ‘Esav: Ye‘ush“he hurries to aid”, Ya‘lam“concealed”, and Korach“bald”.

15The the chieftans of the sons of 'Esav were the sons of Elifaz, 'Esav’ firstborn, and the chieftans of Teman: Omar, Tzefo, K'naz, 16Korah, Gat'am, and Amalek. These are the chieftans descended from Elifaz in Edom and from Adah.

17The sons of 'Esav’s son Re'u'el were the chieftans of Nachat, Zerach, Shammah, and Mizah. These are the chieftans who descended from Re'u'el in the land of Edom and from 'Esav’s wife Basemath.

18The sons of 'Esav’s wife Oholivamah were the chieftans of Ye‘ush, Ya‘lam, and Korach. These are the chieftans who descended from Oholivamah the daughter of 'Esav’s wife 'Anah.

19These are the descendants of 'Esav (that is, Edom), and these are their chieftans.


(vii) 20These are the descendants of Se'ir the Horite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan“covering”, Shoval“flowing”, Tziv‘on“colored”, 'Anah“answer”, 21Dishon“thresher”, Etzer“treasure”, and Dishan“thresher”. They are the chieftans who descended from the Horites, the people of Se'ir in the land of Edom.

22The sons of Lotan were Hori“cave dweller” and Heman“exterminating”; Lotan’s sister was Timnah“restrained.

23The sons of Shoval were ‘Alvan“tall”, Manachat“rest”, ‘Eival“stone” or “bare mountain”, Sh’fo“bold” and Onam“vigorous”

24The sons of Tziv‘on were Ayah“falson” and 'Anah. This the is 'Anah who found the hot springs in the wilderness as he fed the donkeys of his father Tziv‘on.

25The children of 'Anah were Dishon and a daughter Oholivamah.

26The sons of Dishon were Hemdan“desire”, Eshban“fire of discernment”, Yitran“advantage” and K’ran“lyre”.

27The sons of Etzer were Bilhan“their decrepitude”, Za‘avan“troubled” and ‘Akan“sharp-sighted”.

28The sons of Dishan were 'Utz“wooded” and Aran“joyous”.

29These are the chieftans who descended from the Horites: Lotan, Shoval, Tziv‘on, 'Anah, 30Dishon, Etzer, and Dishan. They are the chieftans who descended from the Horites, by their clans in the land of Se'ir.

[Edom [MAP] 1711 BCE]

31The following are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the people of Isra'el. 32Bela son of B'or“burning”, reigned in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhavah“give thou judgement”. 33When Bela died, Yovav“a desert” son of Zerach“rising” from Botzrah“sheepfold” or “fortress” reigned in his place. 34When Yovav died, Husham“haste” from the land of the Temani[34] reigned in his place. 35When Husham died, Hadad“mighty”, the son of B'dad“solitary”, who killed Midyan in the field of Mo'av, reigned in his place. The name of his city was Avith“ruins”. 36When Hadad died, Samlah“garment” from Masrekah“vineyard of noble vines” reigned in his place. 37When Samlah died, Sha’ul“desired” from Rechovot“wide places or streets” on the [Euphrates] River reigned in his place. 38When Shaul died, Ba‘al-Chanan“Baal is gracious” the son of ‘Akhbor“mouse” reigned in his place. 39When Ba‘al-Chanan the son of ‘Akhbor died, Hadar“honor” reigned in his place; the name of his city was Pa'u“bleating”. His wife’s name was M’heitav’el“favoured of God” the daughter of Matred“pushing forward” the daughter of Mei-Zahav“waters of gold”.


(Maftir) 40These are the names of the chieftans who descended from 'Esav, according to their clans, places, and names: chieftans Timna“restraind”, 'Alvah“evil”, Y'tet“a nail”, 41Oholivamah“tent of the high place”, Elah“an oak”, Pinon“darkness”, 42Kenaz“hunter”, Teman“south”, Mivtzar“fortress”, 43Magdi'el“prince of God”, and 'Iram“belonging to a city”. These are the chieftans of Edom according to their settlements in the land they possessed. This is 'Esav, the father of the Edomites.


[Continue to Chapter 37]

The Blessing After Torah

Click here to listen to this canted by
Cantor Kenneth B. Cohen of
Temple Sholom, Greenwich, CT
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lech hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher nah-tahn la-noo toe-raht eh-met,
v’cha-yaye oh-lahm nah-tah b’toe-chay-noo.
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai,  no-tain ha-to-rah.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us a Torah of truth,
and has planted eternal life in our midst.
Blessed are You, O Lord, Giver of the Torah.

Now that you’ve read VaYishlach,
watch Rabbi Greg Hershberg’s teaching


The Blessing of the Haftarah
(Weekly Portion from the Prophets)

Click here to listen to this canted
by an unknown cantor from
Temple Mount Sinai in El Paso, TX.

Ba-rookh, ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher ba-khar been-vee-eem toe-veem,
v’rah-tzah b’deev­ray-hem,
ha-neh-eh-ma-reem, beh-eh-meht.

Ba-rookh ah-tah, Adonai,
ha-bo-char ba-to-rah,
oo-v’Mo-sheh ahv-doe, oo-v'yees­ra-ale ah-mo,
oo-veen-vee-aye hah-eh-met, vah-tzeh-dek.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets,
and was pleased with their words
which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, O Lord,
Who chooses the Torah,
Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and prophets of truth and righteousness.

Haftarah Vayishlach is Hoshea (Hosea) 11:7–12:12(11) (A) and
‘Ovadyah (Obadiah) 1–21 (S)

Listen to Haftarah Vayishlach read
from the Complete Jewish Bible

Hoshea (Hosea) 11:7–12:12(11)

My people are determined to turn from Me.
Though they call to the Most High,
he certainly won’t exalt them.

“How can I give you up, Ephraim?
How can I hand you over, Isra'el?
How can I make you like Admah?
How can I make you like Zeboiim?

My heart is turned within Me,
my compassion is aroused.
I will not execute the fierceness of My anger.
I will not return to destroy Ephraim,
for I am God, and not man—the Holy One among you.
I will not come in wrath.
10 They will walk after Yehovah,
Who will roar like a lion;
for He will roar, and the children will come trembling from the west.
11 They will come trembling like a bird out of Egypt,
and like a dove out of the land of Assyria;

And I will settle them in their houses,” says Yehovah.

12 Ephraim surrounds me with falsehood,
and the house of Isra'el with deceit.
Judah still strays from God,
and is unfaithful to the Holy One.

12 Ephraim feeds on wind,
and chases the east wind.
He continually multiplies lies and desolation.
They make a covenant with Assyria,
and oil is carried into Egypt.
Yehovah also has a controversy with Judah,
and will punish Ya'akov according to his ways;
according to his deeds he will repay him.
In the womb he took his brother by the heel,
and in his manhood he contended with God.
Indeed, he struggled with the Angel, and prevailed;
he wept, and made supplication to Him.
He found Him at Bethel, and there he spoke with Us —
even Yehovah, the God of Hosts.
Yehovah is his name of renown!
Therefore turn to Elohekayour God.
Keep kindness and justice,
and wait continually for Eloheka.

A merchant has dishonest scales in his hand.
He loves to defraud.
Ephraim said, “Surely I have become rich.
I have found myself wealth.
In all my wealth they won’t find in me any iniquity that is sin.”

“But I am Yehovah Eloheka from the land of Egypt.
I will yet again make you dwell in tents,
as in the days of the solemn feast.
10 I have also spoken to the prophets,
and I have multiplied visions;
and by the ministry of the prophets I have used parables.
11 If Gilead is wicked,
surely they are worthless.

In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls.
Indeed, their altars are like heaps in the furrows of the field.
12 Ya'akov fled into the country of Aram.
Isra'el served to get a wife.
For a wife he tended flocks and herds.

‘Ovadyah (Obadiah) 1–21 (S)

Edom Will Be Humbled

The vision of `Ovadyah. This is what Adonai Yehovah says about Edom.

We have heard news from Yehovah, and an ambassador is sent among the nations, saying, “Arise, and let’s rise up against her in battle. Hinneh,[GN] I have made you small among the nations. You are greatly despised. The arrogance of your heart has deceived you, you who live in the clefts of the rock, whose dwelling place is lofty, who says in his heart, ‘Who will bring me down to the ground?’ Though you mount on high as the eagle, and though your nest is set among the stars, I will bring you down from there,” declares Yehovah.

“If thieves came to you, if robbers by night — oh, what disaster awaits you — wouldn’t they steal only until they had enough? If grape pickers came to you, wouldn’t they leave some gleanings? How Esav will be ransacked! How his hidden treasures will be sought out! All your allies have have gone with you only to the border. The men who were at peace with you have deceived you  and defeted you. Friends who eat your bread set a trap for you, and you couldn’t discern it.

“When that day comes,” says Yehovah, “won’t I destroy all the wise men of Edom and understanding from the mountain of Esav? Your warriors, Teman, will be so dismayed that everyone from the mountain of Esav will be slaughtered. 10 For the violence done to your kinsman Ya`akov, shame will cover you, and you will be cut off forever. 11 On that day you just stood by while strangers carried off his wealth and foreigners entered into his gates to cast lots for Yerushalayim — you were just like them. 12 But don't gloat over your brother in the day of his disaster, and don’t rejoice over the people of Y'hudah in the day of their destruction. Don’t boast at their distress. 13 Don’t enter into the gate of My people in the day of their disaster. Don't gloat over their calamity in the day of their disaster, and don’t loot their wealth on the day of their disaster. 14 You shouldn’t have stood in the crossroads to slaughter those who escaped, or handed over the survivors in their day of distress.

The Day of Yehovah and the Future

15 “For the day of Yehovah is near all the nations! As you have done, it will be done to you. Your deeds will return upon your own head. 16 Because just as you drank on My holy mountain, so will all the nations drink continually. Yes, they will drink and swallow, and it will be as though they had never existed. 17 But on Mount Tziyon there will be those who escape, and it will be holy. The household of Ya`akov will possess their possessions. 18 The household of Ya`akov will be a fire, the household of Yosef a flame, and the household of Esav stubble. They will set them on fire and consume them, so there will be no survivors from the household of Esav.” Indeed, Yehovah has spoken.

19 Then the people of the Negev will possess the mountain of Esav, and those from the Shephelah will possess the land of the Pelishtim. They will possess the land of Efrayim, and the land of Shomron. Binyamin will occupy Gil`ad. 20 The captives of the army of the people of Yisra'el exiled among the Kana`anim will occupy the land all the way to Tzarfat; and the exiles from Yerushalayim who are in Sepharad will possess the cities of the Negev. 21 The victorious will ascend Mount Tziyon to rule pver the mountains of Esav, and the kingship will be Yehovah’s.



Ketuvei HaShalichim (Apostolic Writings)

The Blessing of the Ketuvei HaShalichim

Click here to listen to this canted by
Jeremiah Greenberg of Messianic Liturgical Resources.
Page numbers refer to his Messianic Shabbat Siddur.
Bah-rookh ah-tah Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-shehr nah-tahn la-noo mah-she-ahch Yeshua,
v’ha-deeb­rote shell Ha-breet Ha-kha-da-shah,
ba-rookh ah-ta Adonai,
no­tain Hah-breet Hah-kha-da-shah.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us Messiah Yeshua
and the commandments of the New Covenant.
Blessed are You, O Lord,
Giver of the New Covenant.

Basar (Gospel)

מַתָּי Mattai (Matthew) 2:13-23

4. The Flight into Egypt (2:13-14)

13After the astronomers had gone, an angel of Yehovah[13] appeared to Yosef in a dream and said, “Get up and take the young child and his mother, and escape to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you, because Herod will try to find the Child and kill Him.”

14So he got up and took the Child and His mother that night, and went to Egypt, 15and stayed there until Herod died. This was done so that the words of Yehovah’s prophet would be fulfilled: “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”[15]

5. Herod Slays the Innocents (2:16-18)
[See also note 35 on Matthew 23]

16When Herod realized that he had been tricked by the astronomers, he was furious, and sent out his army and killed all the male children aged two years aged two years and younger who were in and around Beit-Lechem, based on the timing he had learned from the astronomers. 17Then the words of JeremiahYirmeyahu were fulfilled:

18“A voice was heard in Ramah,[18a] howling, weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children. She couldn’t be comforted, because they are all dead.”[18b]

6. The Return from Egypt to Nazareth (2:19-23; Luke 2:39-40 & Luke 2:41-52)

19After Herod’s death, an angel of Yehovah appeared in a dream to Yosef in Egypt, and said, 20“Get up and take the young Child and his mother, and go to the Land of IsraelEretz-Yisra'el. Those who wanted to kill the Child are dead.”

21He arose and took the young child and his mother, and came into Eretz-Yisra'el. 22But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Y'hudah in the place of his father, Herod, he was afraid to go there. Being warned in a dream, he withdrew into the region of the GalileeGalil, 23and came and lived in a city called NazarethNatzeret[23a] so what was spoken through the prophets would come to pass: “He will be called a NazareneNatzrati.”[23b]


Kepherim (Letters, optional)

Korintim Alef (First Corinthians) 5:1–13

It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and such sexual immorality as is not even named among the Gentiles, that one has his father’s wife. You are arrogant, and didn’t mourn instead, that he who had done this deed might be removed from among you. For I most certainly, as being absent in body but present in spirit, have already, as though I were present, judged him who has done this thing. In the name of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah, when you are gathered together with my spirit with the power of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah, you are to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Yeshua.

Your boasting is not good. Don’t you know that a little yeast leavens the whole lump? Purge out the old yeast, that you may be a new lump, even as you are unleavened. For indeed Messiah, our Passover, has been sacrificed in our place. Therefore let’s keep the feast, not with old yeast, neither with the yeast of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

I wrote to you in my letter to have no company with sexual sinners; 10 yet not at all meaning with the sexual sinners of this world, or with the covetous and extortionists, or with idolaters, for then you would have to leave the world. 11 But as it is, I wrote to you not to associate with anyone who is called a brother who is a sexual sinner, or covetous, or an idolater, or a slanderer, or a drunkard, or an extortionist. Don’t even eat with such a person. 12 For what do I have to do with also judging those who are outside? Don’t you judge those who are within? 13 But those who are outside, God judges. “Put away the wicked man from among yourselves.” [Deuteronomy 17:7; 19:19; 21:21; 22:21; 24:7]


התגלות Hitgalut (Revelation) 7:1–12

An Interlude

1After this, I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, so that no wind would blow on the earth, or on the sea, or on any tree. 2I saw another angel ascend from the sunrise, having the seal of the living God. He cried with a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was given to harm the earth and the sea, 3saying, “Don’t harm the earth, the sea, or the trees, until we have sealed the bondservants of our God on their foreheads!”

The 144,000

4I heard the number of those who were sealed, one hundred forty-four thousand, sealed out of every tribe of the children of Israel:[4]

5of the tribe of Judah twelve thousand were sealed,

of the tribe of Reuben twelve thousand,

of the tribe of Gad twelve thousand,

6of the tribe of Asher twelve thousand,

of the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand,

of the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand,

7of the tribe of Simeon twelve thousand,

of the tribe of Levi twelve thousand,

of the tribe of Issachar twelve thousand,

8of the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand,

of the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand, and

of the tribe of Benjamin twelve thousand were sealed.

The Multitude of Tribulation Martyrs

9After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no man could count, out of every nation and of all tribes, peoples, and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, dressed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands. 10They cried with a loud voice, saying, “Salvation be to our God, who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!”

11All the angels were standing around the throne, the elders, and the four living creatures; and they fell on their faces before his throne, and worshiped God, 12saying, “Amen! Blessing, glory, wisdom, thanksgiving, honor, power, and might, be to our God forever and ever! Amen.”

The Blessing After the Ketuvei HaShalichim

Click here to listen to this canted by
Jeremiah Greenberg of Messianic Liturgical Resources.
Page numbers refer to his Messianic Shabbat Siddur.
Ba-rookh ah-tah, Adonai Eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh-lahm,
ah-sher na-tahn la-noo Ha-d'var Ha-eh-met
v'cha-yaye oh-lahm na-ta b'toe-chey-noo.
Ba-rooch ah-ta Adonai,
no-tain Ha-breet Ha-cha-da-sha.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us the Word of Truth and has
planted life everlasting in our midst.
Blessed are you O Lord, Giver of the
New Covenant.

Blessing After Brit Hadashah


The Blessing of the Messiah

Click here to listen to this canted by
Jeremiah Greenberg of Messianic Liturgical Resources.
Page numbers refer to his Messianic Shabbat Siddur.
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai Eh-lo-hay-noo, meh-lekh hah-oh-lahm,
ah-sher na-tahn la-noo ha-deh-rech l'y'shoo-ah b'ma-she-ahch Yeshua.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God, King of the Universe,
Who has given us the way to salvation in Messiah Yeshua. Amen.



Chapter 37, Parashah YaYashev

  1.  The surname Edom is added to the name 'Esav (Esau), which he received at his birth, because that became the national designation of his descendants. [BACK]

 2. Elon means “mighty” or “terebinth,” a small tree of the cashew family that was formerly a source of turpentine. [BACK]

 3. The names of Esau's three wives differ from those given in the previous accounts (Genesis 26:34 and Genesis 28:9), and in one instance the father’s name as well. The daughter of Elon the Hittite is called Adah (the ornament), and in Genesis 26:34 Basmath (the fragrant); the second is called Aholibamah (probably tent-height), the daughter of 'Anah, daughter, i.e., grand-daughter of Tziv‘on the Hivite, and in Genesis 26:34, Jehudith (the praised or praiseworthy), daughter of Beeri the Hittite; the third, the daughter of Ishmael, is called Basmath here and Mahalath in Genesis 28:9. This difference arose from the fact, that Moses availed himself of genealogical documents for Esau's family and tribe, and inserted them without alteration. It presents no irreconcilable discrepancy, therefore, but may be explained from the ancient custom in the East, of giving surnames, as the Arabs frequently do still, founded upon some important or memorable event in a man's life, which gradually superseded the other name (e.g., the name Edom, as explained in Genesis 25:30); whilst as a rule the women received new names when they were married (cf. Chardin, Hengstenberg, Dissertations, vol. ii. p. 223-6). The different names given for the father of Aholibamah or Judith, Hengstenberg explains by referring to the statement in Genesis 36:24, that 'Anah, the son of Tziv‘on, while watching the asses of his father in the desert, discovered the warm springs (of Calirrhoe), on which he founds the acute conjecture, that from this discovery 'Anah received the surname Beeri, i.e., spring-man, which so threw his original name into the shade, as to be the only name given in the genealogical table. There is no force in the objection, that according to Genesis 36:25 Aholibamah was not a daughter of the discoverer of the springs, but of his uncle of the same name. For where is it stated that the Aholibamah mentioned in Genesis 36:25 was Esau's wife? And is it a thing unheard of that aunt and niece should have the same name? If Tziv‘on gave his second son the name of his brother 'Anah (cf. Genesis 36:24 and Genesis 36:20), why could not his son 'Anah have named his daughter after his cousin, the daughter of his father's brother? The reception of Aholibamah into the list of the Se'irite princes is no proof that she was Esau's wife, but may be much more naturally supposed to have arisen from the same (unknown) circumstance as that which caused one of the seats of the Edomitish Alluphim to be called by her name (Genesis 36:41). - Lastly, the remaining diversity, viz., that 'Anah is called a Hivite in Genesis 36:2 and a Hittite in Genesis 26:34, is not to be explained by the conjecture, that for Hivite we should read Horite, according to Genesis 36:20, but by the simple assumption that Hittite is used in Genesis 26:34 sensu latiori for Canaanite, according to the analogy of Joshua 1:4; 1 Kings 10:29; 2 Kings 7:6; just as the two Hittite wives of Esau are called daughters of Canaan in Genesis 28:8. For the historical account, the general name Hittite sufficed; but the genealogical list required the special name of the particular branch of the Canaanitish tribes, viz., the Hivites. In just as simple a manner may the introduction of the Hivite Tziv‘on among the Horites of Se'ir (Genesis 36:20 and Genesis 36:24) be explained, viz., on the supposition that the removed to the mountains of Se'ir, and there became a Horite, i.e., a troglodyte, or dweller in a cave. (Keil and Delitzsch Biblical "outline" ary on the Old Testament) [BACK]

 5. The names of Esau's sons occur again in 1 Chronicles 1:35. The statement in Genesis 36:6, Genesis 36:7, that Esau went with his family and possessions, which he had acquired in Canaan, into the land of Se'ir, from before his brother Ya'akov, does not imply (in contradiction to Genesis 32:4; Genesis 33:14-16) that he did not leave the land of Canaan till after Ya'akov's return. The words may be understood without difficulty as meaning, that after founding a house of his own, when his family and flocks increased, Esau sought a home in Se'ir, because he knew that Ya'akov, as the heir, would enter upon the family possessions, but without waiting till he returned and actually took possession. In the clause "went into the country" (Genesis 36:6), the name Se'ir or Edom (cf. Genesis 36:16) must have dropt out, as the words "into the country" convey no sense when standing by themselves. (Keil and Delitzsch Biblical "outline" ary on the Old Testament) [BACK]

34. The Temani were the descendants of Teman, the grandson of Esau and a chieftan of Edom. [BACK]

Notes on the Matthew passage

13. Probably Gavri'el again. See the note on 1:20. [BACK]

15. Hosea 11:1. [BACK]

18a. Tradition places Rachel’s tomb about a mile north of Beit-Lechem, putting it about three miles south of Jerusalem. But comparing 1 Sam 7:17; 1Sam 8:4, and 1Sam 10:2 suggests very strongly that she is actually buried just outside of Ramah, about seven or eight miles north of Jerusalem. Apparently Yirmeyahu is saying that from her grave near Ramah, Rachel is weeping for her infant descendants who were slaughtered eleven miles away in Ramah. [BACK]

18b. Jeremiah 31:15. [BACK]

23a. Nazareth; literally in Hebrew, “Branch town,” so named because its founders were all descendants of King David. [BACK]

23b. Nazarene, from branch. There is a very interesting play on words going on here in the original Hebrew. One of Isaiah’s prophecies concerning the Messiah says, “Then a shoot (rtx, khoter, a branch, twig, rod ) will grow from the stump of Jesse, and a branch (rcn, netser, sprout, shoot, branch — always fig. The fig tree is a Biblical type for Israel) from his roots will bear fruit” (Isaiah 11:1, HCSB). So Mattityahu tells us that Messiah, “the Branch” from the root of Jesse, grew up in “Branchtown.” [BACK]

Notes on the Revelation passage

  4. Who are the 144,000? They are 12,000 Jews from each of the twelve tribes of Israel. [RETURN]

Other commentaries on Genesis 36
Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers
Pulpit Commentary
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Page originally posted on Sunday, 12 September 2021
Revised and updated on Sunday, 16 October 2022

Page last updated on Monday, 02 October 2023 12:52 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
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