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(Isaiah 2:3)

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For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
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The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית • B'resheet
(“In Beginning” or “At First”)
The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 42 ~

Parashah 10: Mikketz (Continued)
“At the End” • 41:1–44:17
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

I. Joseph’s Reunion with His Brothers (42:1-45:28)

1. The Brothers Go Down to Egypt (42:1–7) [ca 1678 BCE]

1Now Ya'akov learned that there was grain in Egypt, he said to his sons, “Why are you standing around looking at each another? 2Hinneh,[GN] I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy some for us so that we may live and not die.” 3So ten of Yosef’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt, 4but Ya'akov didn’t send Yosef’s brother Binyamin with his brothers; for he said, “Something might happen to him.” 5The sons of Isra'el were among those who came to buy grain, since the famine was also in the land of Kena'an.

6Yosef was the ruler over the land, and it was he who sold grain to all its people. His brothers came and bowed down before him with their faces to the ground. 7When Yosef saw his brothers he recognized them, but treated them like strangers, and spoke harshly to them. “Where did you come from?” he asked them.

They answered, “From the land of Kena'an, to buy food.”

2. Yosef Recognizes His Brothers, Challenges Them (42:8-17)

8Although Yosef recognized his brothers, they didn’t recognize him. 9Yosef remembered his dreams about them[9a] and said, “You are spies![9b] You have spot our country’s weakness!”

10They said to him, “No, my lord, your servants have come to buy food. 11We are all sons of one man! We are honest; your servants are not spies.”

12“No,” he told them, “you have spy out our country’s weakness!”

13They said, “We, your servants, are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Kena'an; the youngest is now with our father, and one is gone.”

14Yosef said to them, “It is as I said, ‘You are spies!’ 15This is how you will be tested. As sure as Pharaoh lives, you will not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 16Send one of you to get your brother; the rest of you will be kept in custody to test your story to see if you are telling the truth. If not, then as surely as Pharaoh lives you are spies.” 17He put them all together in prison for three days.

3. The Brothers Sent Home; Shimon Held Hostage (42:18-28)

18On the third day Yosef said to them, “Do this, and you may live, for I fear Elohim.[18] [GN] (v) 19If you are honest men, leave one of your brothers here in custody while the rest of you go and take back grain to relieve the hunger of your households. 20Then bring your youngest brother to me to verify your story, and you won’t die.”

So they did it. 21Then they said to one another, “Clearly, we are being punished because of our brother. We saw how his soul was distressed when he begged us, and we wouldn’t listen. That’s why this distress has come upon us.”

22Re’uven answered, “Didn’t I tell you, ‘Don’t sin against the lad,’ and you wouldn’t listen? So now we have to answer for his blood.” 23They didn’t realize that Yosef understood them, since they had been talking through an interpreter. 24Yosef turned away from them and wept.[24] Then he turned back and spoke to them, took Shim'on from among them, and had him bound before their eyes. 25Then Yosef gave orders to fill their sacks with grain, and to return each man’s money into his sack, and to give them provisions for their journey. This order was carried out.

26They loaded their grain onto their donkeys and left. 27At the place where they lodged for the night, one of them opened his sack to feed his donkey and saw his money in the mouth of his sack. 28“My money is has been returned!” he said to his brothers. “Look! It’s here in my sack!” Their hearts sank, and they turned trembling to one another, saying, “What is this that Elohim has done to us?”

4. The Brothers Arrive at Home (42:19-38)

 29When they reached their father Ya'akov in the land of Kena'an, they told him everything that had happened to them. 30“The man who is the lord of the country spoke harshly with us, and took us for spies of the country. 31We told him, ‘We are honest men, not spies. 32We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is not living and the youngest is now with our father in the land of Kena'an.’ 33The man who is the lord of the country said to us, ‘This is how I will know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me, take grain for the famine of your households, and go. 34Bring back your youngest brother to me. Then I will know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men. So I will release your brother to you, and you can trade in the country.’”

35As they emptied their sacks, they were surprised to find each man’s bundle of money was in his sack. When they and their father saw their bundles of money, they were afraid. 36Their father Ya'akov said to them, “You have deprived[36] me of my children! Yosef is gone, Shim‘on is gone, and now you want to take Binyamin away. Everything is happening against me.”

37Re’uven said to his father, “You man kill my two sons if I don’t bring him back to you. Entrust him to my care, and I will bring him back to you.”

38But Ya'akov answered, “My son will not go down there with you, for his brother is dead, and he only is left. If any harm comes to him on your journey, then you will bring my gray hair down to Sh'ol[GN] with grief.”

Chapter 43


9a. Genesis 37:5-11 [RETURN]

9b. Is this not what his brothers accused him of when he “brought a bad report” about them to their father? (Gen 37:2) [RETURN]

18. Literally, ha Elohom, the Elohim. The brothers didn’t find it odd that an Egyptian should fear the God of their fathers? [RETURN]

24. Many commentators have called Yosef as a “type” of Yeshua. Here I can see how Yeshua might turn His head and weep, maybe just a little bit, as the Holy Spirit convicts us and we begin to wrestle with our sin and its results in our lives. [RETURN]

36. Deprived: Hebrew שִׁכַּלְתֶּ֑ם (šik·kal·tem), to be bereaved, make childless. [RETURN]

Page originally posted updated on Tuesday, 05 October 2021

Page last updated on Sunday, 05 June 2022 10:30 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

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