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The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית • B'resheet
(“In Beginning” or “At First”)
The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 43 ~

Parashah 10: Mikketz (Continued)
“At the End” • 41:1–44:17
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

5. Benjamin Goes Down to Egypt (43:1-44:17) [1678 BCE]

a. Planning for the Trip (43:1-14)

1Now the famine was still severe in the land. 2When they had eaten up all the grain they had brought out of Egypt,[2] their father said to them, “Go back and buy a little more food for us.”

3Y’hudah answered him, “The man specifically warned us, ‘You will not see me unless your brother is with you.’ 4If you’ll send our brother with us, we’ll go down and buy food for you. 5But if you don’t send him, we won’t go, for the man said to us, ‘You will not see me unless your brother is with you.’”

6aIsra'el[6a] said, “Why did you cause me so much trouble,[6b] telling the man that you had another brother?”

7They answered, “The man questioned us in detail about ourselves and about our family: ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ We just answered his questions. Is there any way we could know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother here?’ ”

8Then Y’hudah said to his father Isra'el, “Send the boy with me, and we’ll get up and go, so that we may live and not die — neither we, nor you, nor our children. 9I will guarantee his safety. You can hold me responsible. If I don’t bring him back and set him before you, then you can hold me guilty forever. 10If we hadn’t delayed, we certainly could have been there and back twice by now.”

11Then their father Isra'el said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: put some of the best products of the land in your packs, and take them down as a gift for the man — a little balm,[11] a little honey, some spices and myrrh, some pistachios and almonds — 12and take double the money with you, and also take back the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks. Perhaps it was an oversight. 13Take your brother also, and return to the man at once. 14May El ShaddaiGod Almighty grant you mercy before the man, so that he will release your other brother to you and Binyamin. As for me, if I am bereaved of my children, then I am bereaved.”

b. Arrival in Egypt (43:15-25)

15So the men took this gift, double the money with them, along with Binyamin. They made their way to Egypt and stood before Yosef.

(vi) 16When Yosef saw Binyamin with them, he said to the steward of his house, “Take the men to my house. Butcher an animal and prepare it, for they will dine with me at noon.”

17The man did as Yosef said, and brought the men to Yosef’s house. 18But the men were afraid because they were taken to Yosef’s house. They said, “We’ve been brought here because of the money that was returned in our sacks the first time. They intend to overpower us and take us as slaves, along with our donkeys.” 19So they approached Yosef’s steward, and spoke to him in the doorway of the house. 20They said, “Sir, we really did come here the first time to buy food. 21When we arrived at the place where we lodged for the night, we opened our sacks, and low and behold, each man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, the full amout of money. We have brought it back with us. 22We have also brought more money with us to buy food. We don’t know who put our money in our sacks.”

23“Relax,” he said, “Don’t be afraid. Your God, the God of your father, gave you the treasure that was in your sacks. I received your money.” Then he brought Shim'on out to them. 24The steward brought the men into Yosef’s house and gave them water, and they washed their feet. And he fed their donkeys. 25Since they had been told they were to eat a meal there, they prepared the gift for Yosef’s arrival at noon.

c. Lunch with Yosef (43:26-32)

26When Yosef came home, they presented him the gift they had brought, and they bowed down to the ground before him. 27He asked if they were well, and asked, “How is your elderly father you told me about? Is he still alive?”

28“Your servant, our father, is well,” they answered. “He is still alive.” And they bowed down to honor him. 29When he looked up and saw his brother Binyamin, his mother’s son, he asked, “Is this your youngest brother that you told me about?” Then he said, “May Elohim be gracious to you, my son.”

(vii) 30Then Yosef hurried out of the room because he was overcome with emotion because of his brother and was about to weep. He went into another room and wept there. 31Then he washed his face and came back out. He regained his composure and said, “Serve the meal.”

32They served him by himself, his brothers by themselves, and the Egyptians who were eating with him by themselves, because Egyptians don’t eat with Hebrews; that is disgusting to them. 33They were seated before Yosef by age, from the firstborn according to his birthright to the youngest according to his youth; the men looked at each other in astonishment. 34He sent portions to them from his table, but Binyamin’s portion was five times as much as any of the others. So they feasted and drank freely[34] with Yosef.

Chapter 44


 2. The text does not say how long it had been since they were in Egypt, but there were ten of them, and each brought back at least one large sack of grain (probably at least two sacks each, to even the load on the donkeys), and all that grain had been consumed. So it had been quite some time. [RETURN]

 6a.  “Observe the change from ‘Jacob’ (Gen 42:36) to ‘Israel’ here and Genesis 43:8; Genesis 43:11. Jacob seems here for the first time to realize that Benjamin is a condition for the next journey to Egypt. It slowly dawns upon the old man that he must accept the conditions.’ (Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges) “The recurrence of what may eventually prove another breach in the theocratic family is probably the circumstance that revives the name Israel, which besides seems to prevail throughout the chapter (vide vers. 8, 11)” (Pulpit Commentary) [RETURN]

 6b.  Literally, “Why did you do evil to me …” [RETURN]

11. Balm: Hebrew צֳרִי֙ (ṣo·rî), a kind of balsam or salve used as medicine. [RETURN]

34. The text says they וַֽיִּשְׁכְּר֖וּ (way·yiš·kə·rū), indicating they might have become intoxicated. [RETURN]

Page priginally posted on Tuesday, 05 October 2021

Page last updated on Sunday, 05 June 2022 10:30 AM
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