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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!
“Indeed, all who want to live a godly life united with the Messiah Yeshua will be persecuted.” (2Tim 3:12)
It is what you actually believe that determines how you walk out your faith, “but avoid stupid controversies, genealogies, quarrels and fights about the Torah; because they are worthless and futile.” (Titus 3:9)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית • B'resheet
(“In Beginning” or “At First”)
The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 44 ~

Parashah 10: Mikketz (Continued)
“At the End” • 41:1–44:17
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

5. Benjamin Goes Down to Egypt (43:1-44:17) [1678 BCE]

d. Preparing to Return (44:1-2)

1Yosef instructed the steward of his house, “Fill the men’s sacks with as much food as they can carry, and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack. 2Put my cup, the silver one, in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with his grain money.” So the steward did as Yosef had instructed.

e. Eentrapment! (44:3-17)

3At first light, the men were sent on their way with their donkeys. 4They had not gone far from the city when Yosef said to his steward, “Get up, puruse the men, and when you overtake them, ask them, ‘Why have you repaid evil for good? 5Isn’t this the cup from which my master drinks and uses for divination?[5] What you have done is wrong!’” 6When he overtook them he spoke those words to them.

7“Why does my lord say such a thing?” they asked. “Your servants couldn’t possibly do such a thing! 8Look, we even brought back to you from Kena‘an the money we found in the mouths of our sacks. Why then would we steal silver or gold from your master’s house? 9If any of us is found to have it, he must die, and we will be my lord’s slaves.”

10“Just as you say,” the steward answered. “Whoever is found with it will be my slave, but the rest of you will be held blameless.”

11They each hurried and took his sack down, and each man opened his sack. 12The steward began searching, beginning with the oldest and ending at the youngest, and the cup was found in Binyamin’s sack. 13Then they tore their clothes,[13] and each man loaded his donkey and returned to the city.

(A: Maftir) 14When Y’hudah and his brothers arrived at Yosef’s house, he was still there, and they fell to the ground before him. (S: Maftir) 15“What is this you have done?” Yosef asked them. “Don’t you know that a man like me can divine the truth?”

16“What can we tell my lord?” Y’hudah said. “What can we plead? How can we clear ourselves? Elohim[GN] has exposed the iniquity of your servants. Surely we are now my lord’s slaves, both we and also the one in whose posssession the cup was found.”

17But Yosef answered, “Far be it from to do this. The man in whose possession the cup was found, he will be my slave; but as for you, return in peace to your father.”[17]

The brakah (blessing) to recite after reading the Parashah is here.

The brakah to recite before reading the Haftarah is here.

The Haftarah for this Portion is 1 Kings 3:15-4:1

The brakah to recite before reading from the Apostolic Writings is here.

The reading from the Apostolic Writings is Acts 7:9-16 (specifically vv. 9-10)
The Blessing of the Messiah to recite after reading from the Gospels is here.


Parashah 11: Vayigash
“He approached” • 44:18–47:27
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)
The brakah (blessing) to recite prior to reading the Parashah is here.

XI. Parashah 11: Vayigash (“He approached”) 44:18–47:27

A. Judah Pleads for Benjamin (44:18-34)

(1) 18Then Y’hudah approached Yosef and said, “Sir, please let your servant speak a word personally to my lord. Don’t be angry with servant; for you are just like Pharaoh. 19My lord asked his servants, ‘Do you have a father or a brother?’ 20We answered my lord, ‘We have an eldeerly father and a younger brother, a child of his old age. The boy’s brother is dead. He is the only one of  his mother’s sons left, and his father loves him.’ 21Then you told your servants, ‘Bring him to me so that I may see him.’ 22We answered my lord, ‘The boy can’t leave his father, for if he were to leave his father, his father would die.’ 23Then you said to your servants, ‘Unless your youngest brother comes down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 24When we returned to your servant my father, we told him what my lord had said. 25Then our father said, ‘Go back and buy us some food.’ 26We told him, ‘We can’t go down there unless our youngest brother is with us. So if we go down there, unless our youngest brother is with us we may not see the man.’ 27Your servant, my father, said to us, ‘You know that my wife bore me two sons. 28When one left, I said, “Surely he has been torn to pieces.” I haven’t seen him since. 29If you also take this one from me and some harm comes to him, you will bring down my gray hairs down to Sh'ol[GN] in grief.’ 30So if I come to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us — since his life is bound up in the boy’s life — (ii) 31if he sees that the boy is not with us, he will die. Then your servants will have brought the gray hairs of your servant, our father, to Sh'ol with grief. 32Your servant became collateral to my father for the boy, saying, ‘If I don’t bring him to you, then I will forever bear the guilt of sinning against my father.’ 33Now please let your servant stay here as my lord’s slave instead of the boy, and let the boy go home with his brothers. 34For how can I go back to my father without the boy? I could not bear to see the misery that would overwhelm my father.”

Chapter 45

 5. The text does not say that Yosef practiced divination. It only says that the steward was told to tell the brothers that he did. The brothers would probably have expect such from the Egyptian Yosef was pretending to be. [RETURN]

13. A token of his mingled grief and horror at the discovery (cf. Gen 37:29; 2Sam 13:31; 2Kings 18:37; Job 1:20). [RETURN]

17. Here we can see Yosef’s hope for his brothers’s repentance; but if they do not repent, at least he will have his brother Benyamin there with him. It would seem that Yosef set this in motion when he told his steward what to do and say in verse 10. [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Wednesday, 06 October 2021

Page last updated on Tuesday, 27 September 2022 03:23 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

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