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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

WARNING: The text used for my commentary is my own paraphrase and must not be
considered “a translation” or authorative in any way. It is, in fact, simply my commentary.

Maps, when used, are from BibleAtlas.org. Created using BibleMapper 3.0.
Additional data from OpenBible.info.
Source of Dates Used

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית • B'resheet
(“In Beginning” or “At First”)
The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called

Genesis


~ 50 ~

Parashah 12: Vayechi (continued)
“He lived” • 47:28–50:26
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

[Ya'akov Dies in Egypt, 1660 BCE]

1Yosef fell on his father’s face, wept on him, and kissed him. 2Yosef commanded his servants, the physicians, to embalm his father; and the physicians embalmed Isra'el. 3Forty days were used for him, for that is how many days it takes to embalm. The Egyptians wept for Isra'el for seventy days.

4When the days of weeping for him were past, Yosef spoke to Pharaoh’s staff, saying, “If now I have found favor in your eyes, please speak in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, 5‘My father made me swear, saying, “Behold, I am dying. Bury me in my grave which I have dug for myself in the land of Kena'an.” Now therefore, please let me go up and bury my father, and I will come again.’”

6Pharaoh said, “Go up, and bury your father, just like he made you swear.”

7Yosef went up to bury his father; and all the servants of Pharaoh went up with him, the elders of his house, all the elders of the land of Egypt, 8all the house of Yosef, his brothers, and his father’s house. They left only their little ones, their flocks, and their herds in the land of Goshen. 9Both chariots and horsemen went up with him. It was a very great company. 10They came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Yarden, and there they lamented with a very great and severe lamentation. He mourned for his father seven days. 11When the inhabitants of the land, the Kena'ani, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, “This is a grievous mourning by the Egyptians.” Therefore its name was called Avel Mitzrayim, which is beyond the Yarden. 12His sons did to him just as he commanded them, 13for his sons carried him into the land of Kena'an, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Avraham bought with the field, as a possession for a burial site, from Ephron the Hittite, near Mamre. 14After he had buried his father Yosef returned into Egypt — he, and his brothers, and all who had gone up with him to bury his father.

15When Yosef’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “It may be that Yosef will hate us, and will fully pay us back for all the evil which we did to him.” 16They sent a message to Yosef, saying, “Your father commanded before he died, saying, 17‘You must tell Yosef, “Now please forgive the disobedience of your brothers, and their sin, because they did evil to you.” ’ Now, please forgive the disobedience of the servants of the Elohim of your father.” Yosef wept when they said this to him. 18His brothers also went and fell down before him and said, “Hinneh,[GN] we are your servants.” 19Yosef told them, “Don’t be afraid: am I in the place of Elohim? 20As for you, you meant evil against me, but Elohim meant it for good, to save many people alive, as is happening today.

 
[TO PARASHAH TOP] 
 

 (vii) 21So don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your little ones.” He comforted them, and spoke kindly to them.

22Yosef lived in Egypt, he, and his father’s household. Yosef lived one hundred ten years.

 
[TO PARASHAH TOP] 
 

 (Maftir) 23Yosef saw Ephraim’s children to the third generation. The children also of Machir, the son of Manasseh, were born on Yosef’s knees. 24Yosef said to his brothers, “I am dying, but Elohim will surely visit you, and bring you up out of this land to the land which he swore to Avraham, to Yutz'chak, and to Ya'akov.” 25Yosef obtained an oath from the children of Isra'el, “Elohim will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.”

[Yosef Dies in Egypt, 1606 BCE]

26So Yosef died at the age of one hundred ten, and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.[26]

[Continue reading Exodus 1, Parashah Sh'mot
or read the Introduction to Exodus


The Blessing After Torah

Click here to listen to this canted by
Cantor Kenneth B. Cohen of
Temple Sholom, Greenwich, CT
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lech hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher nah-tahn la-noo toe-raht eh-met,
v’cha-yaye oh-lahm nah-tah b’toe-chay-noo.
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai,  no-tain ha-to-rah.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us a Torah of truth,
and has planted eternal life in our midst.
Blessed are You, O Lord, Giver of the Torah.

Now that you’ve read Vayechi,
watch Rabbi Greg Hershberg’s teaching

 
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Haftarah

The Blessing of the Haftarah
(Weekly Portion from the Prophets)

Click here to listen to this canted
by an unknown cantor from
Temple Mount Sinai in El Paso, TX.

Ba-rookh, ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher ba-khar been-vee-eem toe-veem,
v’rah-tzah b’deev­ray-hem,
ha-neh-eh-ma-reem, beh-eh-meht.

Ba-rookh ah-tah, Adonai,
ha-bo-char ba-to-rah,
oo-v’Mo-sheh ahv-doe, oo-v'yees­ra-ale ah-mo,
oo-veen-vee-aye hah-eh-met, vah-tzeh-dek.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets,
and was pleased with their words
which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, O Lord,
Who chooses the Torah,
Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and prophets of truth and righteousness.


Haftarah Vayechi is 1 Kings 2:1–12
Listen to it read from the Complete Jewish Bible

Now the days of David came near that he should die; and he commanded Solomon his son, saying, “I am going the way of all the earth. You be strong therefore, and show yourself a man; and keep the instruction of Yehovah your God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, his commandments, his ordinances, and his testimonies, according to that which is written in the Torah of Moses, that you may prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn yourself. Then Yehovah may establish his word which he spoke concerning me, saying, ‘If your children are careful of their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail you,’ he said, ‘a man on the throne of Isra'el.’

“Moreover you know also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, even what he did to the two captains of the armies of Isra'el, to Abner the son of Ner and to Amasa the son of Jether, whom he killed, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war on his sash that was around his waist and in his sandals that were on his feet. Do therefore according to your wisdom, and don’t let his gray head go down to Sheol[GN] in peace. But show kindness to the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be among those who eat at your table; for so they came to me when I fled from Absalom your brother.

“Behold, there is with you Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite of Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim; but he came down to meet me at the Jordan, and I swore to him by Yehovah, saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’ Now therefore don’t hold him guiltless, for you are a wise man; and you will know what you ought to do to him, and you shall bring his gray head down to Sheol with blood.”

10 David slept with his fathers, and was buried in David’s city. 11 The days that David reigned over Isra'el were forty years; he reigned seven years in Hebron, and he reigned thirty-three years in Jerusalem. 12 Solomon sat on David his father’s throne; and his kingdom was firmly established.

 
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Ketuvei HaShalichim (Apostolic Writings)

The Blessing of the Ketuvei HaShalichim

Click here to listen to this canted by
Jeremiah Greenberg of Messianic Liturgical Resources.
Page numbers refer to his Messianic Shabbat Siddur.
Bah-rookh ah-tah Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-shehr nah-tahn la-noo mah-she-ahch Yeshua,
v’ha-deeb­rote shell Ha-breet Ha-kha-da-shah,
ba-rookh ah-ta Adonai,
no­tain Hah-breet Hah-kha-da-shah.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us Messiah Yeshua
and the commandments of the New Covenant.
Blessed are You, O Lord,
Giver of the New Covenant.



Basar (Gospel)

The Gospel Portion is Yochanan (John) 13:1-19

V. Fellowship Around the Table (“The Upper Room Discourse”) (chapters 13-17)

A. Yeshua Washes the feet of His Talmidim (13:1-10; Mt 26:20-24; Mk 14:14-17;
     Lk 22:14; Lk 22:21-23)

1Now before the Feast of PesachPassover[1] Yeshua knew that the time had come for Him to leave this world and return to the Father. Having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the very end. 2It was during supper, and the devil had already put it into the heart of Y'hudahJudah bar ShimomShimon’s son, the Sicarius[GN], to betray Him. 3Yeshua knew that the Father had delivered all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was returning to God. 4He got up from supper, and laid aside His outer garments, took a towel, and wrapped it around His waist. 5Then He poured water into a basin and began to wash the feet of His talmidim and dry them with the towel that was wrapped around Him. 6When he came to Shimon KefaSimon Peter, Kefa asked, “Lord, are you going to wash my feet?”

7Yeshua answered, “You don’t realize what I’m doing now, but you will understand later.”

8Kefa told Him, “You will never wash my feet!”

Yeshua answered him, “Unless I wash you, you have no part with me.”

9Shimon Kefa said to him, “Lord, not just my feet, but my hands and head too!”[9]

10Yeshua said to him, “Someone who has bathed only needs to have his feet washed, but is completely clean.[10] You are clean, but not all of you are.” 11For He knew who was going to betray Him. That is why He said, “You are not all clean.”

12So when He had washed their feet He put His outer garment back on. Then He reclined with them again, and said, “Do you understand what I have done for you? 13You call Me, ‘RabbiTeacher’ and ‘LordMaster.’ You rightly so, because I am. 14So if I, your Lord and Rabbi, have washed your feet, you should also wash each other’s feet.[14] 15So I have set the example for you, so that you should also do as I have done for you. 16Omen, omein[GN] I tell you, no servant is greater than his master, nor a messenger greater than the one who sent him. 17If you know these things, you will be blessed if you do them. 18I’m not talking about all of you. I know whom I have chosen. But this is so the Tanakh may be fulfilled: ‘The one who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against me.’[18] 19From now on, I’m going to tell you things before they happen, so when they happen you will believe that I AM.[GN]

 
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Kepherim (Letters, optional)

The readings from the Apostolic Writings are:
  מַעֲשֵׂי Ma'asey or P’yilut HaShaliachim (Acts of the Apostles) 7:9–16
      (specifically vv. 15–16)
  העברים Ivrim (Hebrews) 11:21–22
  כפא א Kefa Aleph (First Peter) 1:3–9; 2:11–17
 

The Patriarchs in Egypt (7:9-16)

7: 9“The patriarchs, because of their jealousy of YosefJoseph, sold him as a slave into Egypt. But God was with him, 10rescued him out of all his troubles, and gave him favor and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who appointed him governor over Egypt and all his household. 11Then a famine came over all the land of Egypt and Kena'anCanaan, causing great suffering, and our fahers couldn’t find food. 12But when Ya'akov heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent our fathers there the first time. 13The second time, Yosef identified himself to his brothers, and Yosef’s family was introduced to Pharaoh. 14Yosef then sent for his father Ya'akov and all his relatives, seventy-five people in all. 15So Ya'akov went down into Egypt, shere he and our fathers died. 16Their bones were brought back to Shechem, [MAP] and buried in the tomb that Avraham had bought from from the family of Hamor of Shechem for a certain price he paid in silver.
 

Ivrim

11: 21 By faith Ya'akov, when he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Yosef, and worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff. 22 By faith Yosef, when his end was near, made mention of the departure of the children of Isra'el, and gave instructions concerning his bones.

 

Kefa Aleph

1: Praised be the God and Father of our Lord Yeshua HaMashiach! By His great mercy He has caused us to be born again into a living hope through the resurrection of Yeshua HaMashiach from the dead, to an inheritance that is incorruptible, undefiled, and unfading, kept safe in Heaven for you. Through trusting you are being protected by the power of God for a deliverance that is ready to be revealed in the Last Time. Rejoice greatly in this, even though now for a little while it might be that you may have to experience grief in various trials. Even gold is tested by fire for genuineness. The purposes of your trials is so the genuineness of your trust, which is far more valuable than perishable gold, may be judged worthy of praise, glory, and honor at the revealing of Yeshua HaMashiach.[GN]

Without having seen Him, you love Him. Though you do not see Him now. you trust Him and you continue to be full of joy that is glorious beyond words because you are receiving the goal of your trust, the salvation of your souls.

2: 11 Beloved, I beg you as foreigners and pilgrims to abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the soul, 12 having good behavior among the nations, so in that of which they speak against you as evildoers, they may see your good works and glorify God in the day of visitation.

13 Therefore subject yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord’s sake: whether to the king, as supreme, 14 or to governors, as sent by him for vengeance on evildoers and for praise to those who do well. 15 For this is the will of God, that by well-doing you should put to silence the ignorance of foolish men. 16 Live as free people, yet not using your freedom for a cloak of wickedness, but as bondservants of God.

17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.


The Blessing After the Ketuvei HaShalichim

Click here to listen to this canted by
Jeremiah Greenberg of Messianic Liturgical Resources.
Page numbers refer to his Messianic Shabbat Siddur.
Ba-rookh ah-tah, Adonai Eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh-lahm,
ah-sher na-tahn la-noo Ha-d'var Ha-eh-met
v'cha-yaye oh-lahm na-ta b'toe-chey-noo.
Ba-rooch ah-ta Adonai,
no-tain Ha-breet Ha-cha-da-sha.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us the Word of Truth and has
planted life everlasting in our midst.
Blessed are you O Lord, Giver of the
New Covenant.

Blessing After Brit Hadashah
 

The Blessing of the Messiah

Click here to listen to this canted by
Jeremiah Greenberg of Messianic Liturgical Resources.
Page numbers refer to his Messianic Shabbat Siddur.
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai Eh-lo-hay-noo, meh-lekh hah-oh-lahm,
ah-sher na-tahn la-noo ha-deh-rech l'y'shoo-ah b'ma-she-ahch Yeshua.
Ah-mein.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God, King of the Universe,
Who has given us the way to salvation in Messiah Yeshua. Amen.


 

Hazak, hazak, v’nit’chazek!
Be strong, be strong, and let us be strengthened!

 

Hillsdale College offers an excellent five-lesson free course on Genesis.

 

Introduction to Exodus or Exodus Chapter 1 or Parashah Sh'mot

 


26. Archaelogists have recently discovered a tomb in Egypt belonging to Pharaoh Joseph. See, for example, “Has Josph’s Tomb Been Found in Egypt?” and “Possible Burial Place of Biblical Joseph Reportedly Found in Egypt.” Here are some short video clips about Joseph in Egypt. [BACK]

Tomb of Old Testament Patriarch Joseph Discovered in Egypt

Joseph’s Tomb and Palace at Avaris

The Arrival of Joseph in Egypt — The Exodus
(Patterns of Evidence)

Did they find Joseph’s Tomb? Did the Exodus, as
written in the Bible, really happen? Movie Trailer

Notes on the John passage

  1. The Passover meal that Yeshua ate was not the formal Passover Seder that we think of when we consider Passover today. The rabbinic Passover Seder was not instituted until probably late in the second century. See “Passover and the ‘Last Supper’” and “Crucifixion Week Chronology.” [BACK]

 9. Kefa was nothing if not enthusiastic: “I'm all in!” [BACK]

10. I can picture the smile on Yeshua’s face at Kefa’s enthusiasm, but imagine the pain in His heart, knowing that Kefa would deny Him and later follow Him to his own cross. [BACK]

14. Yeshua wasn’t literally telling us to wash each other’s feet. We no longer wear sandals and walk on dirt paths everywhere we go. He was telling us to humble ourselves and be servants to each other. [BACK]

18. Psalm 41:9. [BACK]


Other commentaries on Genesis 50
Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers
Pulpit Commentary
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Page last updated on Monday, 02 October 2023 12:52 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!
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