The Center for
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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית • B'resheet
(“In Beginning” or “At First”)
The First Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


~ 50 ~

Parashah 12: Vayechi (continued)
“He lived” • 47:28–50:26
(Small Roman numerals in the text indicate each 'aliyah.)

[Ya'akov Dies in Egypt, 1660 BCE]

1Yosef fell on his father’s face, wept on him, and kissed him. 2Yosef commanded his servants, the physicians, to embalm his father; and the physicians embalmed Israel. 3Forty days were used for him, for that is how many days it takes to embalm. The Egyptians wept for Isra'el for seventy days.

4When the days of weeping for him were past, Yosef spoke to Pharaoh’s staff, saying, “If now I have found favor in your eyes, please speak in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, 5‘My father made me swear, saying, “Behold, I am dying. Bury me in my grave which I have dug for myself in the land of Kena'an.” Now therefore, please let me go up and bury my father, and I will come again.’ ”

6Pharaoh said, “Go up, and bury your father, just like he made you swear.”

7Yosef went up to bury his father; and all the servants of Pharaoh went up with him, the elders of his house, all the elders of the land of Egypt, 8all the house of Yosef, his brothers, and his father’s house. They left only their little ones, their flocks, and their herds in the land of Goshen. 9Both chariots and horsemen went up with him. It was a very great company. 10They came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Yarden, and there they lamented with a very great and severe lamentation. He mourned for his father seven days. 11When the inhabitants of the land, the Kena'ani, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, “This is a grievous mourning by the Egyptians.” Therefore its name was called Avel Mitzrayim, which is beyond the Yarden. 12His sons did to him just as he commanded them, 13for his sons carried him into the land of Kena'an, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Avraham bought with the field, as a possession for a burial site, from Ephron the Hittite, near Mamre. 14Yosef returned into Egypt—he, and his brothers, and all that went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father.

15When Yosef’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “It may be that Yosef will hate us, and will fully pay us back for all the evil which we did to him.” 16They sent a message to Yosef, saying, “Your father commanded before he died, saying, 17‘You shall tell Yosef, “Now please forgive the disobedience of your brothers, and their sin, because they did evil to you.” ’ Now, please forgive the disobedience of the servants of the Elohim of your father.” Yosef wept when they spoke to him. 18His brothers also went and fell down before his face; and they said, “Behold, we are your servants.” 19Yosef said to them, “Don’t be afraid, for am I in the place of Elohim? 20As for you, you meant evil against me, but Elohim meant it for good, to save many people alive, as is happening today. (vii) 21Now therefore don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your little ones.” He comforted them, and spoke kindly to them.

22Yosef lived in Egypt, he, and his father’s house. Yosef lived one hundred ten years. (Maftir) 23Yosef saw Ephraim’s children to the third generation. The children also of Machir, the son of Manasseh, were born on Yosef’s knees. 24Yosef said to his brothers, “I am dying, but Elohim will surely visit you, and bring you up out of this land to the land which he swore to Avraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” 25Yosef took an oath from the children of Israel, saying, “Elohim will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.”

[Yosef Dies in Egypt, 1606 BCE]

26So Yosef died, being one hundred ten years old, and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.

The brakah (blessing) to recite after reading the Parashah is here.

The brakah to recite before reading the Haftarah is here.

The Haftarah for this Portion is 1 Kings 2:1–12

The brakah to recite before reading from the Apostolic Writings is here.

The reading from the Apostolic Writings is Acts 7:9–16 (specifically vv. 15–16); Hebrews 11:21–22; 1 Peter 1:3–9; 2:11–17
The Blessing of the Messiah to recite after reading from the Gospels is here.

Hazak, hazak, v’nit’chazek!
Be strong, be strong, and let us be strengthened!


Hillsdale College offers an excellent five-lesson free course on Genesis.


Introduction to Exodus

Page last updated on Sunday, 05 June 2022 10:30 AM
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