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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

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Source of Dates Used

וַיִּקְרָא • V'yikra
(“And He Called”)
The Third Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


Parashah 24: Vayikra
“And He Called” (continued)

~ 2 ~

ii. The Grain Offering (2:1–16)

“‘When anyone  brings a [grain][1a] offering to Yehovah, his offering must be made from fine flour. He is to pour oil[1b] on it, put frankincense on it, and bring it to Aharon’s sons, the cohenimpriests. The cohenpriest shall take his handful of the fine flour and oil, with all the frankincense, and burn this as a memorial portion[2] on the altar, an offering made by fire, a pleasant aroma to Yehovah. The remainder of the meal offering will belong to Aharon and his sons. It is a most holy part of the offerings made by fire to Yehovah.

“‘When you bring a [grain] offering baked in an oven, it must consist of either unleavened wafers[4] of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers wafers with oil. If your offering is a [grain] offering prepared on a griddle, it is to be of matzahunleavened bread made of fine flour mixed with oil. Crumble it and pour oil on it; it is a [grain] offering.


(iii) If your offering is a [grain] offering cooked in a pan, it must consist of fine flour with oil. When you bring to Yehovah the [grain] offering made in any of these ways, it is to be presented to the cohen, and he shall take it to the altar. The cohen is to remove the memorial portion from the [grain] offering and burn it on the altar as an offering made by fire, a pleasant aroma to Yehovah. 10 The remainder of the [grain] offering shall belong to Aharon and his sons. It is a most holy part of the offerings made by fire to Yehovah.

11 “‘No [grain] offering that you bring to Yehovah may be made with hametzחָמֵ֑ץ (ḥā·mêṣ), anything leavened; for you are not to burn any hametz or honey as an offering made by fire to Yehovah. 12 You may bring them as an offering of first fruits to Yehovah, but they are not to be offered on the altar as a pleasant aroma. 13 Every offering of your [grain] offering is to be seasoned with salt.[13] You must not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your [grain] offering. You are to add salt to all your offerings.

14 “‘If you bring a [grain] offering of first fruits to Yehovah, you must present fresh heads of grain, crushed kernels, roasted on a fire and crushed, as your [grain] offering of firstfruits. 15 You are to put oil and and frankincense on it; it is a [grain] offering. 16 The cohen shall burn the memorial portion of the crushed grain oil, together with its frankincense, as an offering made by fire to Yehovah.


Chapter 3

 1a. The word “grain” does not appear in the original text. However, the context makes it clear that the grain offering is the subject of this discussion. For some reason, this offering is called the “meat offering” in the KJV. [BACK]

 1b. Olive oil is assumed here and throughout. [BACK]

 2. “Memorial portion” is Hebrew אַזְכָּרָתָהּ֙ (’az·kā·rā·ṯāh), a memorial offering. [BACK]

 4. Hebrew מַצֹּת֙ (maṣ·ṣōṯ), matzah; וּרְקִיקֵ֥י (ū·rə·qî·qê), fine cakes or wafers of unleavened bread. [BACK]

13. “Salt is commanded as symbolizing in things spiritual, because preserving in things physical, incorruption (cf. Matthew 5:13; Mark 9:49; Luke 14:34; Colossians 4:6). It is an emblem of an established and enduring covenant, such as God’s covenant with His people, which is never to wax old and be destroyed, and it is therefore termed the salt of the covenant of thy God. Hence ‘a covenant of salt’ came to mean a covenant that should not be broken (Numbers 18:19; 2 Chronicles 13:5). The use of salt is not confined to the meat offering. ‘With all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.’ Accordingly we find in Ezekiel 43:24, ‘The priest shall cast salt upon them, and they shall offer them up for a burnt offering.’” (Pulpit Commentary) [BACK]

Other commentaries on Leviticus 2
Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers
Pulpit Commentary
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Page originally posted on Shabbat, 18 February 2023

Page last updated on Sunday, 05 March 2023 03:33 PM
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