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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

Maps, when used, are are from BibleAtlas.org. Created using BibleMapper 3.0.
Additional data from OpenBible.info.
Source of Dates Used

וַיִּקְרָא • V'yikra
(“And He Called”)
The Third Book of Moses,
Commonly Called

Leviticus


Parashah 24: Vayikra
“And He Called” (continued)

~ 6 ~

1 (5:20) Yehovah said to Moshe, 2 (5:21) If anyone sins, and commits a trespass against Yehovah, and deals falsely with his neighbor in a matter of deposit, or of bargain, or of robbery, or has oppressed his neighbor, 3 (5:22) or has found that which was lost, and lied about it, and swearing to a lie — in any of these things that a man sins in his actions — 4 (5:23) then it shall be, if he has sinned and is guilty, he must restore that which he took by robbery, or the thing which he has gotten by oppression, or the deposit which was committed to him, or the lost thing which he found,


[TO PARASHAH TOP]
 

(Maftir) 5 (5:24) ‘or any thing about which he has sworn falsely: he shall restore it in full, and shall add a fifth part more to it. He shall return it to him to whom it belongs in the day of his being found guilty. 6 (5:25) He shall bring his trespass offering to Yehovah: a ram without defect from the flock, according to your estimation, for a trespass offering, to the cohen. 7 (5:26) The cohen shall make atonement for him before Yehovah, and he will be forgiven concerning whatever he does to become guilty.”

[CONTINUE READING CHAPTER 6]


The Blessing After Torah

Click here to listen to this canted by
Cantor Kenneth B. Cohen of
Temple Sholom, Greenwich, CT
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lech hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher nah-tahn la-noo toe-raht eh-met,
v’cha-yaye oh-lahm nah-tah b’toe-chay-noo.
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai,  no-tain ha-to-rah.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us a Torah of truth,
and has planted eternal life in our midst.
Blessed are You, O Lord, Giver of the Torah.


Now that you’ve read V’yikra
watch Rabbi Greg Hershberg’s teaching

 

[TO PARASHAH TOP]
 


Haftarah


Haftarah

The Blessing of the Haftarah
(Weekly Portion from the Prophets)

Click here to listen to this canted
by an unknown cantor from
Temple Mount Sinai in El Paso, TX.

Ba-rookh, ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher ba-khar been-vee-eem toe-veem,
v’rah-tzah b’deev­ray-hem,
ha-neh-eh-ma-reem, beh-eh-meht.

Ba-rookh ah-tah, Adonai,
ha-bo-char ba-to-rah,
oo-v’Mo-sheh ahv-doe, oo-v'yees­ra-ale ah-mo,
oo-veen-vee-aye hah-eh-met, vah-tzeh-dek.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets,
and was pleased with their words
which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, O Lord,
Who chooses the Torah,
Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and prophets of truth and righteousness.


Haftarah Vayikra is Yesha‘yahu (Isaiah) 43:21–44:23

Listen to Haftarah Vayikra read from the CJB


43 21 The people I formed for Myself,

that they might declare My praise.

 

22 Yet you have not called on Me, Ya'akov;

but you have been weary of Me, Isra'el.

23 You have not brought me any of your sheep for elevation-offerings,

neither have you honored Me with your sacrifices.

I have not burdened you with offerings,

nor wearied you with frankincense.

24 You have bought Me no sweet cane with money,

nor have you filled Me with the fat of your sacrifices,

but you have burdened Me with your sins.

You have wearied Me with your iniquities.

 

25 I, even I, am He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake;

and I will not remember your sins.

26 Put Me in remembrance.

Let us plead together.

Declare your case,

that you may be justified.

27 Your first father sinned,

and your teachers have transgressed against Me.

28 Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary;

and I will make Ya'akov a curse,

and Isra'el an insult.”

44 Yet listen now, Ya'akov My servant,

and Isra'el, whom I have chosen.

This is what Yehovah who made you,

and formed you from the womb,

who will help you says:

“Don’t be afraid, Ya'akov My servant;

and you, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen.

For I will pour water on him who is thirsty,

and streams on the dry ground.

I will pour My Spirit on your descendants,

and My blessing on your offspring;

and they will spring up among the grass,

as willows by the watercourses.

One will say, ‘I am Yehovah’s.’

Another will be called by the name of Ya'akov;

and another will write with his hand ‘to Yehovah,’

and honor the name of Isra'el.”

 

This is what Yehovah, the King of Isra'el,

and His Redeemer, Yehovah of Hosts, says:

“I am the first, and I am the last;

and besides Me there is no God.

Who is like Me?

Who will call,

and will declare it,

and set it in order for Me,

since I established the ancient people?

Let them declare the things that are coming,

and that will happen.

Don’t fear,

neither be afraid.

Haven’t I declared it to you long ago,

and shown it?

You are My witnesses.

Is there a God besides Me?

Indeed, there is not.

I don’t know any other Rock.”

 

Everyone who makes a carved image is vain.

The things that they delight in will not profit.

Their own witnesses don’t see, nor know, that they may be disappointed.

10 Who has fashioned a god,

or molds an image that is profitable for nothing?

11 Behold, all his fellows will be disappointed;

and the workmen are mere men.

Let them all be gathered together.

Let them stand up.

They will fear.

They will be put to shame together.

 

12 The blacksmith takes an ax,

works in the coals,

fashions it with hammers,

and works it with his strong arm.

He is hungry,

and his strength fails;

he drinks no water,

and is faint.

13 The carpenter stretches out a line.

He marks it out with a pencil.

He shapes it with planes.

He marks it out with compasses,

and shapes it like the figure of a man,

with the beauty of a man,

to reside in a house.

14 He cuts down cedars for himself,

and takes the cypress and the oak,

and strengthens for himself one among the trees of the forest.

He plants a cypress tree,

and the rain nourishes it.

15 Then it will be for a man to burn;

and he takes some of it and warms himself.

Yes, he burns it and bakes bread.

Yes, he makes a god and worships it;

he makes it a carved image, and falls down to it.

16 He burns part of it in the fire.

With part of it, he eats meat.

He roasts a roast and is satisfied.

Yes, he warms himself

and says, “Aha! I am warm. I have seen the fire.”

17 The rest of it he makes into a god,

even his engraved image.

He bows down to it and worships,

and prays to it, and says, “Deliver me, for you are my god!”

 

18 They don’t know, neither do they consider,

for he has shut their eyes, that they can’t see,

and their hearts, that they can’t understand.

19 No one thinks,

neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say,

“I have burned part of it in the fire.

Yes, I have also baked bread on its coals.

I have roasted meat and eaten it.

Shall I make the rest of it into an abomination?

Shall I bow down to a tree trunk?”

20 He feeds on ashes.

A deceived heart has turned him aside;

and he can’t deliver his soul,

nor say, “Isn’t there a lie in my right hand?”

 

21 Remember these things, Ya'akov and Isra'el,

for you are My servant.

I have formed you.

You are My servant.

Isra'el, you will not be forgotten by Me.

22 I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, your transgressions,

and, as a cloud, your sins.

Return to me, for I have redeemed you.

 

23 Sing, you heavens, for Yehovah has done it!

Shout, you lower parts of the earth!

Break out into singing, you mountains, O forest, all of your trees,

for Yehovah has redeemed Ya'akov,

and will glorify Himself in Isra'el.


[TO PARASHAH TOP]
 


Ketuvei HaShalichim (Apostolic Writings)


Ketuvei HaShalichim (Apostolic Writings)

The Blessing of the Ketuvei HaShalichim

Click here to listen to this canted by
Jeremiah Greenberg of Messianic Liturgical Resources.
Page numbers refer to his Messianic Shabbat Siddur.
Bah-rookh ah-tah Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-shehr nah-tahn la-noo mah-she-ahch Yeshua,
v’ha-deeb­rote shell Ha-breet Ha-kha-da-shah,
ba-rookh ah-ta Adonai,
no­tain Hah-breet Hah-kha-da-shah.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us Messiah Yeshua
and the commandments of the New Covenant.
Blessed are You, O Lord,
Giver of the New Covenant.



Basar (Gospel)

Basar (Gospel)

The Gospel reading for Parashah Vayikra is Mattityahu (Matthew) 5:23-30

23So if you are offering your gift[23] at the Temple altar and remember that your brother has anything against you, 24leave your gift right there by the altar, and go and reconcile with your brother.[24] Then come back and offer your gift. 25If someone sues you, come to terms with him quickly while you are on your way to court; otherwise the prosecutor may hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer of the court, who may throw you into prison. 26I’m telling you the truth, there is no way that you will get out until you have paid the very last penny.[26]

27“You have heard that our fathers were told ‘Do not commit adultery.’[27] 28but I tell you that everyone who gazes[28] at a woman with the intent to lust after her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29If your right eye makes you sin, gouge it out and throw it away! It's better for you to lose one of your parts than for your whole body to be thrown into Gie-Hinnom. 30If your right hand makes you sin, cut it off and throw it away! It's better for you to lose one of your parts than for your whole body to be thrown into Gie-Hinnom.


[TO PARASHAH TOP]
 

Kepherim (Letters, optional)

The optional reading from the Kepherim includes:
Romim (Romans) 8:1–13
Ivrim (Messianic Jews, i.e., Hebrews) 10:1–14; 13:10–16

Romim

1There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Messiah Yeshua, who don’t walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.* NU omits “who don’t walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit” 2For the law of the Spirit of life in Messiah Yeshua made me free from the law of sin and of death. 3For what the law couldn’t do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God did, sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh, 4that the ordinance of the law might be fulfilled in us who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 5For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit. 6For the mind of the flesh is death, but the mind of the Spirit is life and peace; 7because the mind of the flesh is hostile toward God, for it is not subject to God’s Torah, neither indeed can it be. 8Those who are in the flesh can’t please God.

9But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if it is so that the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if any man doesn’t have the Spirit of Messiah, he is not his. 10If Messiah is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11But if the Spirit of him who raised up Yeshua from the dead dwells in you, he who raised up Messiah Yeshua from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you.

12So then, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. 13For if you live after the flesh, you must die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live.

Ivrim

10 For the Torah, having a shadow of the good to come, not the very image of the things, can never with the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, make perfect those who draw near. Or else wouldn’t they have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having been once cleansed, would have had no more consciousness of sins? But in those sacrifices there is a yearly reminder of sins. For it is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sins. Therefore when He comes into the world, He says,

“You didn’t desire sacrifice and offering,
but you prepared a body for me.
You had no pleasure in whole elevation-offerings and sacrifices for sin.
Then I said, ‘Hinneh,[GN] I have come
(in the scroll of the book it is written of Me)
to do your will, O God.’” [Psalm 40:6-8]

Previously saying, “Sacrifices and offerings and whole elevation-offerings and sacrifices for sin you didn’t desire, neither had pleasure in them” (those which are offered according to the Torah), then He has said, “Hinneh, I have come to do your will.” He takes away the first, that He may establish the second, 10 by which will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Yeshua HaMashiach once for all.

11 Every priest indeed stands day by day serving and offering often the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins, 12 but He, when He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down on the right hand of God, 13 from that time waiting until His enemies are made the footstool of His feet. 14 For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.

13 10 We have an altar from which those who serve the holy tabernacle have no right to eat. 11 For the bodies of those animals, whose blood is brought into the holy place by the high priest as an offering for sin, are burned outside of the camp. [Leviticus 16:27] 12 Therefore Yeshua also, that He might sanctify the people through His own blood, suffered outside of the gate. 13 Let’s therefore go out to him outside of the camp, bearing his reproach. 14 For we don’t have here a n enduring city, but we seek that which is to come. 15 Through Him, then, let’s offer up a sacrifice of praise to God [Psalm 50:23] continually, that is, the fruit of lips which proclaim allegiance to his name. 16 But don’t forget to be doing good and sharing, for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

 

The Blessing of the Messiah

Click here to listen to this canted by
Jeremiah Greenberg of Messianic Liturgical Resources.
Page numbers refer to his Messianic Shabbat Siddur.
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai Eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh-lahm,
ah-sher na-tahn la-noo ha-deh-rech
l'y'shoo-ah b'ma-she-ahch Yeshua.
Ah-mein.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us the way to salvation in
Messiah Yeshua. Amen.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


פָּרָשָׁה צַו

Parashah 25. Tzav
“Give an order”
Lev. 6:1(8)[GN]-8:36

Jewish Man Reading Torah Scroll

This week’s commentary from First Fruits of Zion (Messianic)
This week's commentary from Chabad.org (Rabbinical)
This week’s commentary from Hebrew4Christians.com (Christian)

This Week’s Reading Schedule
Sunday
  Review and meditate
  on last week’s Parashah

Monday
  Rishon [1st]: 6:8(1)-18(11)
  Sheni [2nd]: 6:19(12)-7:10  

Tuesday
  Shlishi [3rd]: 7:11-38
  R'vi'i [4th]: 8:1-13

Wednesday
  Chamishi [5th]: 8:14-21
  Shishi [6th]: 8:22-29

Thursday
  Shvi'i [7th]: 8:30-32
  Maftir [Concluding]: 8:33-36

Friday
  Haftarah: (Selections)[GN]
    Yesha‘yahu (Isaiah) 6:1–7:6; 9:5(6)– 6(7) (A)
    Yesha‘yahu (Isaiah) 6:1–13 (S)

  Ketuvei HaShalichim
  (Apostolic Writings)
    Basar: The Gospel
      Matt 19:16-26
    
    Kepherim: Letters (optional)
      Messianic Jews (Hebrews) 12:18–29
      Ya‘akov (James) 2:8–13
      1 Kefa (1 Peter) 2:9–10

 

Torah


Torah

The Blessing of the Torah

Click here to listen to this canted by
Cantor Kenneth B. Cohen
of Temple Sholom, Greenwich, CT.
Aliya: (the one who “goes up” to read)  
   Bar-khu et Adonai ham-vor-ack.
   (Praise ADONAI Who is worthy to be praised.)
Barchu
Congregation:  
   Ba-rookh Adonai ham-vor-ack ley-oh-lam
    
vah-ed.

   (Praise ADONAI Who is worthy to be praised for
     all eternity.)
Hahmvorahch
All:  
   Ba-rookh Adonai ham-vor-ack ley-oh-lam
    
vah-ed.

   (Praise ADONAI Who is worthy to be praised for
     all eternity.)
 
Hahmvorahch
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lekh hah oh-lahm,
ah-sher ba-char ba-noo me-kol ha-ah­meem,
v’na-tahn lah-noo et torah-toe,
ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, no-tane hah-torah.


Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has chosen us from all peoples
and given us His Torah.
Blessed are You, O Lord, Giver of the Torah.


Listen to Parashah Tzav read from the CJB

b. Laws for the Aaronic Priesthood (6:8–7:38)

i. The elevation-offering (6:8–13)

(i) 8 (1) Yehovah said to Moshe, 9 (2) Command Aharon and his sons, ‘This is the law of the elevation-offering:[GN] the elevation-offering is to be left on the hearth on the altar all night until the morning; and the fire of the altar is to be kept burning on it. 10 (3) The cohen is to put on his linen garment, and he is to put on his linen trousers; and he must remove the ashes from where the fire has consumed the elevation-offering on the altar, and he must put them beside the altar. 11 (4) He must take off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place. 12 (5) The fire on the altar must be kept burning on it, it must not go out; and the cohen must burn wood on it every morning. He is to lay the elevation-offering in order upon it, and is to burn on it the fat of the peace offerings. 13 (6) Fire must be kept burning on the altar continually; it must never go out.

ii. The Grain [Meal] Offering (6:14–23)

14 (7) ‘This is the law of the meal offering: the sons of Aharon are to offer it before Yehovah, before the altar. 15 (8) He is to take from there his handful of the fine flour of the meal offering, and of its oil, and all the frankincense which is on the meal offering, and is to burn it on the altar for a pleasant aroma, as its memorial portion, to Yehovah. 16 (9) Aharon and his sons are to eat whatever is left of it. It must be eaten without hametzany form of levening agent in a holy place. They are to eat it in the court of the Tent of Meeting. 17 (10) It must not be baked with hametz. I have given it as their portion of My offerings made by fire. It is most holy, as are the sin offering and the trespass offering. 18 (11) Every male among the children of Aharon is to eat of it, as their portion forever throughout your generations, from the offerings of Yehovah made by fire. Whoever touches them must be holy.’


[TO PARASHAH TOP]
 

(ii) 19 (12) Yehovah said to Moshe, 20 (13) This is the offering of Aharon and of his sons, which they must offer to Yehovah on the day when he is anointed: one tenth of an efah[GN] of fine flour for a meal offering perpetually, half of it in the morning, and half of it in the evening. 21 (14) It must be made with oil in a griddle. When it is soaked, you are to bring it in. You are to offer the meal offering in baked pieces for a pleasant aroma to Yehovah. 22 (15) The anointed cohen that will be in his place from among his sons shall offer it. By a statute forever, it must be wholly burned to Yehovah. 23 (16) Every meal offering of a cohen is to be totally burned. It must not be eaten.

iii. The Sin Offering (6:24–30)

24 (17) Yehovah said to Moshe, 25 (18) Speak this to Aharon and to his sons, ‘This is the law of the sin offering: in the place where the elevation-offering is killed, the sin offering is to be killed before Yehovah. It is most holy. 26 (19) The cohen who offers it for sin is to eat it. It must be eaten in a holy place, in the court of the Tent of Meeting. 27 (20) Whatever touches its flesh must be holy. When there is any of its blood sprinkled on a garment, you must wash that on which it was sprinkled in a holy place. 28 (21) But the earthen vessel in which it is boiled must be broken; and if it is boiled in a bronze vessel, it must be scoured, and rinsed in water. 29 (22) Every male among the cohenim is to eat of it. It is most holy. 30 (23) No sin offering, of which any of the blood is brought into the Tent of Meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place, is to be eaten. It must be burned with fire.

Chapter 7



 a. Chapter and verse numbering is often different in the Hebrew text than in the English text. [BACK]

Notes on the Matthew passage

23. This is talking of a gift or freewill offering, not a sin or guilt offering. [BACK]

24. In effect, Yeshua was saying that if you are in some conflict with a brother, don’t bother to bring Him your gift. He’s not interested in receiving anything from you until you have reconciled with your brother. [BACK]

26. Penny: literally, kodrantes. A kodrantes was a small copper coin worth about 2 lepta (widow’s mites), about 3/8 of a current penny — not enough to buy very much of anything then, and certainly not now. [BACK]

27. Exodus 20:14. [BACK]

28. This word is in the imperfect tense, which indicates a present ongoing action, not a brief one-time event. For example, if you're driving down the street and a beautiful woman catches your eye, leading to an impure thought, repent and move on; you're ok. But if you drive around the block for another look, you've got a problem. [BACK]

 


Other commentaries on Leviticus 6
Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers
Pulpit Commentary
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible


Page originally posted on Shabbat, 18 February 2023
 

Page last updated on Thursday, 20 July 2023 11:31 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!

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