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(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

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Source of Dates Used

וַיִּקְרָא • V'yikra
(“And He Called”)
The Third Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


Parashah 26: Sh'mini
“Eighth” (continued)

~ 10 ~

c. Nadab and Abihu (10:1–20)

i. Sin of Nadab and Abihu (10:1–7)

ii. Restrictions for Priests (10:8–20)

Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aharon, each took his censer, and put fire in it, and laid incense on it, and offered strange fire before Yehovah, which he had not commanded them. Fire came out from before Yehovah, and devoured them, and they died before Yehovah.

Then Moshe said to Aharon, “This is what Yehovah spoke of, saying,

‘I will show myself holy to those who come near me,
and before all the people I will be glorified.’”

Aharon held his peace. Moshe called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aharon, and said to them, “Draw near, carry your brothers from before the sanctuary out of the camp.” So they came near, and carried them in their tunics out of the camp, as Moshe had said.

Moshe said to Aharon, and to Eleazar and to Ithamar, his sons, “Don’t let the hair of your heads go loose, and don’t tear your clothes, so that you don’t die, and so that he will not be angry with all the congregation; but let your brothers, the whole house of Isra'el, bewail the burning which Yehovah has kindled. You shall not go out from the door of the Tent of Meeting, lest you die; for the anointing oil of Yehovah is on you.” They did according to the word of Moshe.

ii. Restrictions for Priests (10:8–20)

 Then Yehovah said to Aharon, “You and your sons are not to drink wine or strong drink whenever you go into the Tent of Meeting, or you will die. This shall be a statute forever throughout your generations. 10 You are to make a distinction between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean. 11 You are to teach the children of Isra'el all the statutes which Yehovah has spoken to them by Moshe.”


(iv) 12 Moshe spoke to Aharon, and to Eleazar and to Ithamar, his sons who were left, “Take the meal offering that remains of the offerings of Yehovah made by fire, and eat it without hametz beside the altar; for it is most holy; 13 and you shall eat it in a holy place, because it is your portion, and your sons’ portion, of the offerings of Yehovah made by fire; for so I am commanded. 14 The waved breast and the heaved thigh you shall eat in a clean place, you, and your sons, and your daughters with you: for they are given as your portion, and your sons’ portion, out of the sacrifices of the peace offerings of the children of Isra'el. 15 They shall bring the heaved thigh and the waved breast with the offerings made by fire of the fat, to wave it for a wave offering before Yehovah. It shall be yours, and your sons’ with you, as a portion forever, as Yehovah has commanded.”


(v) 16 Moshe diligently inquired about the goat of the sin offering, and, behold,* “Behold”, from “הִנֵּה”, means look at, take notice, observe, see, or gaze at. It is often used as an interjection. it was burned. He was angry with Eleazar and with Ithamar, the sons of Aharon who were left, saying, 17 “Why haven’t you eaten the sin offering in the place of the sanctuary, since it is most holy, and he has given it to you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before Yehovah? 18 Behold, its blood was not brought into the inner part of the sanctuary. You certainly should have eaten it in the sanctuary, as I commanded.”

19 Aharon spoke to Moshe, “Behold, today they have offered their sin offering and their elevation-offering before Yehovah; and such things as these have happened to me. If I had eaten the sin offering today, would it have been pleasing in Yehovah’s sight?”

20 When Moshe heard that, it was pleasing in his sight.



Chapter 10


Other commentaries on Leviticus 10
Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers
Pulpit Commentary
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Page originally posted on Thursday, 3 March 2023

Page last updated on Tuesday, 25 April 2023 10:50 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

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