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Weekly Parashot

Unless otherwise indicated, Scripture quotations are my own rendering
based on the World Messianic Bible, which is in the public domain.

Parashot Index

פָּרָשָׁה וַיֵּרָא

Parashah Vayera
“He Appeared”
B'resheet 18:1–22:24

Jewish Man Reading Torah Scroll

This week's commentary from First Fruits of Zion (Messianic)
This week's commentary from (Rabbinical)
This week’s commentary from (Christian)

This Week’s Reading Schedule


Review and meditate on
last week’s Parashah


Rishon [1st]: 18:1-14
Sheni [2nd]: 18:15-33


Shlishi [3rd]: 19:1-20
R'vi'i [4th]: 19:21-21:4


Chamishi [5th]: 21:5-21
Shishi [6th]: 21:22-34


Shvi'i [7th]: 22:1-19
Maftir [Concluding]: 22:20-24


Haftarah: Melakhim Beit (2 Kings) 4:1-23

Ketuvei HaShalichim

Luke 17:26-37
Romans 9:6-9
Galatians 4:21-31
Hebrews 6:13-20; 11:13-19
James 2:14-24
2Peter 2:4-10 

B'resheet 18:1–22:24

The Blessing of the Torah
Aliya: (the one who “goes up” to read)  
Bar-khu et Adonai ham-vor-ack.
(Praise ADONAI Who is worthy to be praised.)
Ba-rookh Adonai ham-vor-ack ley-oh-lam vah-ed.
(Praise ADONAI Who is worthy to be praised for all eternity.)
Ba-rookh Adonai ham-vor-ack ley-oh-lam vah-ed.
(Praise ADONAI Who is worthy to be praised for all eternity.)
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lekh hah oh-lahm,
ah-sher ba-char ba-noo me-kol ha-ah­meem,
v’na-tahn lah-noo et torah-toe,
ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, no-tane hah-torah.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has chosen us from all peoples
and given us His Torah.
Blessed are You, O Lord, Giver of the Torah.

Click here to listen to this sung by
Cantor Kenneth B. Cohen of
Temple Sholom, Greenwich, CT.

Yeshua Appears to Avraham

Rishon [1st]:    18 1ADONAI appeared to Avraham by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day. 2He lifted up his eyes and looked, and saw that three men stood opposite him. When he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself to the earth, 3and said, “My lord, if now I have found favor in your sight, please don’t go away from your servant. 4Now let a little water be fetched, wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree. 5I will get a morsel of bread so you can refresh your heart. After that you may go your way, now that you have come to your servant.”

They said, “Very well, do as you have said.”

6Avraham hurried into the tent to Sarah, and said, “Quickly make ready three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes.” 7Avraham ran to the herd, and fetched a tender and good calf, and gave it to the servant. He hurried to dress it. 8He took butter, milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them. He stood by them under the tree, and they ate.

9They asked him, “Where is Sarah, your wife?”

He said, “See, in the tent.”

10He said, “I will certainly return to you when the season comes round. Behold, Sarah your wife will have a son.”

Sarah heard in the tent door, which was behind him. 11Now Avraham and Sarah were old, well advanced in age. It had ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. 12Sarah laughed within herself, saying, “After I have grown old will I have pleasure, my lord being old also?”

13ADONAI said to Avraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Will I really bear a child, yet I am old?’ 14Is anything too hard for ADONAI? At the set time I will return to you, when the season comes round, and Sarah will have a son.”


Sheni [2nd]:   15Then Sarah denied, saying, “I didn’t laugh,” for she was afraid.

He said, “No, but you did laugh.”

Destruction of S’dom and ’Amora

16The men rose up from there, and looked toward S’dom. Avraham went with them to see them on their way. 17ADONAI said, “Will I hide from Avraham what I do, 18seeing that Avraham has surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed in him? 19For I have known him, to the end that he may command his children and his household after him, that they may keep the way of ADONAI, to do righteousness and justice; to the end that ADONAI may bring on Avraham that which he has spoken of him.” 20ADONAI said, “Because the cry of S’dom and ’Amora is great, and because their sin is very grievous, 21I will go down now, and see whether their deeds are as bad as the reports which have come to me. If not, I will know.”

22The men turned from there, and went toward S’dom, but Avraham stood yet before ADONAI. 23Avraham drew near, and said, “Will you consume the righteous with the wicked? 24What if there are fifty righteous within the city? Will you consume and not spare the place for the fifty righteous who are in it? 25Be it far from you to do things like that, to kill the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous should be like the wicked. May that be far from you. Shouldn’t the Judge of all the earth do right?”

26ADONAI said, “If I find in S’dom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sake.” 27Avraham answered, “See now, I have taken it on myself to speak to ADONAI, who am but dust and ashes. 28What if there will lack five of the fifty righteous? Will you destroy all the city for lack of five?”

He said, “I will not destroy it, if I find forty-five there.”

29He spoke to him yet again, and said, “What if there are forty found there?”

He said, “I will not do it for the forty’s sake.”

30He said, “Oh don’t let ADONAI be angry, and I will speak. What if there are thirty found there?”

He said, “I will not do it, if I find thirty there.”

31He said, “See now, I have taken it on myself to speak to ADONAI. What if there are twenty found there?”

He said, “I will not destroy it for the twenty’s sake.”

32He said, “Oh don’t let ADONAI be angry, and I will speak just once more. What if ten are found there?”

He said, “I will not destroy it for the ten’s sake.”

33ADONAI went his way, as soon as he had finished communing with Avraham, and Avraham returned to his place.


Shlishi [3rd]:   19 1The two angels came to S’dom at evening. Lot sat in the gate of S’dom. Lot saw them, and rose up to meet them. He bowed himself with his face to the earth, 2and he said, “See now, my lords, please turn aside into your servant’s house, stay all night, wash your feet, and you can rise up early, and go on your way.”

They said, “No, but we will stay in the street all night.”

3He urged them greatly, and they came in with him, and entered into his house. He made them a feast, and baked unleavened bread, and they ate. 4But before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of S’dom, surrounded the house, both young and old, all the people from every quarter. 5They called to Lot, and said to him, “Where are the men who came in to you this night? Bring them out to us, that we may have sex with them.”

6Lot went out to them to the door, and shut the door after him. 7He said, “Please, my brothers, don’t act so wickedly. 8See now, I have two virgin daughters. Please let me bring them out to you, and you may do to them what seems good to you. Only don’t do anything to these men, because they have come under the shadow of my roof.”

9They said, “Stand back!” Then they said, “This one fellow came in to live as a foreigner, and he appoints himself a judge. Now will we deal worse with you, than with them!” They pressed hard on the man Lot, and drew near to break the door. 10But the men put forth their hand, and brought Lot into the house to them, and shut the door. 11They struck the men who were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great, so that they wearied themselves to find the door.

12The men said to Lot, “Do you have anybody else here? Sons-in-law, your sons, your daughters, and whoever you have in the city, bring them out of the place: 13for we will destroy this place, because the outcry against them has grown great before ADONAI that ADONAI has sent us to destroy it.”

14Lot went out, and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry his daughters, and said, “Get up! Get out of this place, for ADONAI will destroy the city.”

But he seemed to his sons-in-law to be joking. 15When the morning came, then the angels hurried Lot, saying, “Get up! Take your wife, and your two daughters who are here, lest you be consumed in the iniquity of the city.” 16But he lingered; and the men grabbed his hand, his wife’s hand, and his two daughters’ hands, ADONAI being merciful to him; and they took him out, and set him outside of the city. 17It came to pass, when they had taken them out, that he said, “Escape for your life! Don’t look behind you, and don’t stay anywhere in the plain. Escape to the mountains, lest you be consumed!”

18Lot said to them, “Oh, not so, my lord. 19See now, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have magnified your loving kindness, which you have shown to me in saving my life. I can’t escape to the mountain, lest evil overtake me, and I die. 20See now, this city is near to flee to, and it is a little one. Oh let me escape there (isn’t it a little one?), and my soul will live.”


R'vi'i [4th]:   21He said to him, “Behold, I have granted your request concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow the city of which you have spoken. 22Hurry, escape there, for I can’t do anything until you get there.” Therefore the name of the city was called Tzo'ar [small].

23The sun had risen on the earth when Lot came to Tzo'ar. 24Then ADONAI rained on S’dom and on ’Amora sulfur and fire from ADONAI out of the sky. 25He overthrew those cities, all the plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew on the ground. 26But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.

27Avraham got up early in the morning to the place where he had stood before ADONAI. 28He looked toward S’dom and ’Amora, and toward all the land of the plain, and looked, and saw that the smoke of the land went up as the smoke of a furnace.

29It happened, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Avraham, and sent Lot out of the middle of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in which Lot lived.

Lot’s Daughters

30Lot went up out of Tzo'ar, and lived in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he was afraid to live in Tzo'ar. He lived in a cave with his two daughters. 31The firstborn said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in to us after the manner of all the earth. 32Come, let’s make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve our father’s seed.” 33They made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father. He didn’t know when she lay down, nor when she arose. 34It came to pass on the next day, that the firstborn said to the younger, “Behold, I lay last night with my father. Let us make him drink wine again, tonight. You go in, and lie with him, that we may preserve our father’s seed.” 35They made their father drink wine that night also. The younger went and lay with him. He didn’t know when she lay down, nor when she got up. 36Thus both of Lot’s daughters were with child by their father. 37The firstborn bore a son, and named him Mo'av. He is the father of Mo'av [the Moabites] to this day. 38The younger also bore a son, and called his name Ben-’Ammi. He is the ancestor of all the people of ’Amon to this day.

Avraham and Avimelekh

20 1Avraham traveled from there toward the Negev, and lived between Kadesh and Shur. He lived as a foreigner in G'rar. 2Avraham said about Sarah his wife, “She is my sister.” Avimelekh king of G'rar sent, and took Sarah. 3But God came to Avimelekh in a dream of the night, and said to him, “Behold, you are a dead man, because of the woman whom you have taken. For she is a man’s wife.”

4Now Avimelekh had not come near her. He said, “Lord, will you kill even a righteous nation? 5Didn’t he tell me, ‘She is my sister?’ She, even she herself, said, ‘He is my brother.’ In the integrity of my heart and the innocence of my hands have I done this.”

6God said to him in the dream, “Yes, I know that in the integrity of your heart you have done this, and I also withheld you from sinning against me. Therefore I didn’t allow you to touch her. 7Now therefore, restore the man’s wife. For he is a prophet, and he will pray for you, and you will live. If you don’t restore her, know for sure that you will die, you, and all who are yours.”

8Avimelekh rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ear. The men were very scared. 9Then Avimelekh called Avraham, and said to him, “What have you done to us? How have I sinned against you, that you have brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? You have done deeds to me that ought not to be done!” 10Avimelekh said to Avraham, “What did you see, that you have done this thing?”

11Avraham said, “Because I thought, ‘Surely the fear of God is not in this place. They will kill me for my wife’s sake.’ 12Besides, she is indeed my sister, the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife. 13It happened, when God caused me to wander from my father’s house, that I said to her, ‘This is your kindness which you shall show to me. Everywhere that we go, say of me, “He is my brother.”’”

14Avimelekh took sheep and cattle, male servants and female servants, and gave them to Avraham, and restored Sarah, his wife, to him. 15Avimelekh said, “Behold, my land is before you. Dwell where it pleases you.” 16To Sarah he said, “Behold, I have given your brother a thousand pieces of silver. Behold, it is for you a covering of the eyes to all that are with you. In front of all you are vindicated.”

17Avraham prayed to God. God healed Avimelekh, and his wife, and his female servants, and they bore children. 18For ADONAI had closed up tight all the wombs of the house of Avimelekh, because of Sarah, Avraham’s wife.

The Birth of Yitzhak

21 1ADONAI remembered Sarah as He had said, and ADONAI did to Sarah as He had spoken. 2Sarah conceived, and bore Avraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him. 3Avraham called his son who was born to him, whom Sarah bore to him, Yitz'chak [laughter]. 4Avraham circumcised his son, Yitz'chak, when he was eight days old, as God had commanded him.


Chamishi [5th]:    5Avraham was one hundred years old when his son, Yitz'chak, was born to him. 6Sarah said, “God has made me laugh. Everyone who hears will laugh with me.” 7She said, “Who would have said to Avraham, that Sarah would nurse children? For I have borne him a son in his old age.”

Hagar and Ishmael Expelled

8The child grew, and was weaned. Avraham made a great feast on the day that Yitz'chak was weaned. 9Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Avraham, mocking. 10Therefore she said to Avraham, “Cast out this handmaid and her son! For the son of this handmaid will not be heir with my son, Yitz'chak.”

11The thing was very grievous in Avraham’s sight on account of his son. 12God said to Avraham, “Don’t let it be grievous in your sight because of the boy, and because of your handmaid. In all that Sarah says to you, listen to her voice. For from Yitz'chak will your seed be called. 13I will also make a nation of the son of the handmaid, because he is your seed.” 14Avraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread and a bottle of water, and gave it to Hagar, putting it on her shoulder; and gave her the child, and sent her away. She departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Be'er-Sheva. 15The water in the bottle was spent, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs. 16She went and sat down opposite him, a good way off, about a bow shot away. For she said, “Don’t let me see the death of the child.” She sat over against him, and lifted up her voice, and wept. 17God heard the voice of the boy.

The angel of God called to Hagar out of the sky, and said to her, “What ails you, Hagar? Don’t be afraid. For God has heard the voice of the boy where he is. 18Get up, lift up the boy, and hold him in your hand. For I will make him a great nation.”

19God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water. She went, filled the bottle with water, and gave the boy drink. 20God was with the boy, and he grew. He lived in the wilderness, and became, as he grew up, an archer. 21He lived in the Pa'ran Desert. His mother took a wife for him out of the land of Egypt.


Shishi [6th]:   

22It happened at that time, that Avimelekh and Pikhol the captain of his army spoke to Avraham, saying, “God is with you in all that you do. 23Now, therefore, swear to me here by God that you will not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son’s son. But according to the kindness that I have done to you, you shall do to me, and to the land in which you have lived as a foreigner.”

24Avraham said, “I will swear.” 25Avraham complained to Avimelekh because of a water well, which Avimelekh’s servants had violently taken away. 26Avimelekh said, “I don’t know who has done this thing. Neither did you tell me, neither did I hear of it, until today.”

27Avraham took sheep and cattle, and gave them to Avimelekh. Those two made a covenant. 28Avraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock by themselves. 29Avimelekh said to Avraham, “What do these seven ewe lambs which you have set by themselves mean?”

30He said, “You shall take these seven ewe lambs from my hand, that it may be a witness to me, that I have dug this well.” 31Therefore he called that place Be'er-Sheva, ["well of the sevenfold oath"] because they both swore there. 32So they made a covenant at Be'er-Sheva. Avimelekh rose up with Pikhol, the captain of his army, and they returned into the land of the Philistines. 33Avraham planted a tamarisk tree in Be'er-Sheva, and called there on the name of ADONAI, the Everlasting God. 34Avraham lived as a foreigner in the land of the P'lishtim [Philistines] for a long time.


Avraham’s Ultimate Test (Akeidat Yitzhak, the Binding of Yitz'chak)

Shvi'i [7th]:   22 1It happened after these things, that God tested Avraham, and said to him, “Avraham!”

He said, “Here I am.”

2He said, “Now take your son, your only son, whom you love, even Yitz'chak, and go into the land of Moriyah. Offer him there for a burnt offering on one of the mountains which I will tell you of.”

3Avraham rose early in the morning, and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and Yitz'chak his son. He split the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went to the place of which God had told him. 4On the third day Avraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place far off. 5Avraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey. The boy and I will go yonder. We will worthip, and come back to you.” 6Avraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Yitz'chak his son. He took in his hand the fire and the knife. They both went together. 7Yitz'chak spoke to Avraham his father, and said, “My father?”

He said, “Here I am, my son.”

He said, “Here is the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?”

8Avraham said, “God will provide himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son.” So they both went together. 9They came to the place which God had told him of. Avraham built the altar there, and laid the wood in order, bound Yitz'chak his son, and laid him on the altar, on the wood. 10Avraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to kill his son.

11The angel of ADONAI called to him out of the sky, and said, “Avraham, Avraham!”

He said, “Here I am.”

12He said, “Don’t lay your hand on the boy, neither do anything to him. For now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me.”

13Avraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and saw that behind him was a ram caught in the thicket by his horns. Avraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering instead of his son. 14Avraham called the name of that place ADONAI Yir'eh [ADONAI will see (to it), ADONAI provides]. As it is said to this day, “On ADONAI’s mountain, it will be provided.”

15The angel of ADONAI called to Avraham a second time out of the sky, 16and said, “I have sworn by myself, says ADONAI, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17that I will bless you greatly, and I will multiply your seed greatly like the stars of the heavens, and like the sand which is on the seashore. Your seed will possess the gate of his enemies. 18In your seed will all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice.”

19So Avraham returned to his young men, and they rose up and went together to Be'er-Sheva, and Avraham settled at Be'er-Sheva.


Maftir [Concluding]:   20It happened after these things, that it was told Avraham, saying, “Behold, Milkah has also borne children to your brother Nachor: 21’Utz his firstborn, Buz his brother, K'mu'el the father of Aram, 22Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Yidlaf, and B'thu'el.” 23B'thu'el became the father of Rivkah. These eight Milkah bore to Nahor, Avraham’s brother. 24His concubine, whose name was Re'umah, also bore Tevah, Gacham, Tachash, and Ma'akhah.

The Blessing After Torah

Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lech hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher nah-tahn la-noo toe-raht eh-met,
v’cha-yaye oh-lahm nah-tah b’toe-chay-noo.
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai,  no-tain ha-to-rah.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us a Torah of truth,
and has planted eternal life in our midst.
Blessed are You, O Lord, Giver of the Torah.

Click here to listen to this sung by
Cantor Kenneth B. Cohen of
Temple Sholom, Greenwich, CT



The Blessing of the Haftarah

Ba-rookh, ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher ba-khar been-vee-eem toe-veem,
v’rah-tzah b’deev­ray-hem,
ha-neh-eh-ma-reem, beh-eh-meht.

Ba-rookh ah-tah, Adonai,
ha-bo-char ba-to-rah,
oo-v’Mo-sheh ahv-doe, oo-v'yees­ra-ale ah-mo,
oo-veen-vee-aye hah-eh-met, vah-tzeh-dek.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets,
and was pleased with their words
which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, O Lord,
Who chooses the Torah,
Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and prophets of truth and righteousness.

Click here to listen to this sung by
an unknown male soloist from
Temple Mount Sinai in El Paso, TX.

Melakhim Beit (2 Kings) 4:1-23

4 1Now one of the wives of Elisha’s school of the prophets complained to Elisha, “Your servant my husband is dead; and you know that he feared ADONAI: and the creditor is come to take away my two children to be his bondservants.”

2Elisha said to her, “What shall I do for you? Tell me, what do you have in the house?”

She said, “Your handmaid has nothing in the house, except a pot of oil.”

3Then he said, “Go and borrow a number of empty vessels — not just a few — from all your neighbors. 4Then go in and shut the door behind you and your sons, and pour the oil you have into all those vessels; then set aside the full ones.”

5So she went him into the house, and shut the door behind her and on her sons; they brought the empty vessels to her, and she poured her oil into them. 6When the vessels were full, she said to her son, “Bring me another vessel.”

He said to her, “There isn't another vessel.” The oil stayed in all the vessels. 7Then she came and told the man of God.

He told her, “Go and sell the oil, pay your debt, and you and your sons live off the rest.”

8One day as Elisha passed to Shunem, where was a well-to-do woman; and she insisted that he eat with her. So as often as he passed by, he stopped there to eat with her. 9She said to her husband, “See now, it seems to me that this is a holy man of God who continually passes by us. 10Please, let’s make a little chamber on the wall; and let’s put a bed, a table, a seat, and a lamp stand there for him: then, when he comes to visit us, he can rest there.”

11It happened that one day he came there, and went into the chamber and lay there. 12He said to Geichazi his servant, “Call this Shunamit.” When Geichazi had called her, she stood before him. 13Elisha said to Geichazi, “Now tell her, ‘Since you have been so careful to provide us with all this care, what can we do for you? Would you have us speak for you to the king, or to the captain of the army?’”

She answered, “I live among my own people.”

14Elisha said to Geichazi, “Then what can we do for her?”

Geichazi answered, “She most certainly doesn’t have a son, and her husband is old.”

15Elisha said, “Call her in here.” When Geichazi had called her, she stood in the doorway. 16Elisha said, “When this time next year comes around, you shall embrace a son.”

She said, “No, my lord, you man of God, do not lie to your handmaid.” 17The woman conceived, and delivered a son at that time next year, just as Elisha had told her.

18One day when the child was grown, he went out to where his father was working in the field with the reapers. 19He called out to his father, “My head, my head.”

His father said to his servant, “Carry him to his mother.”

20When the servant had taken him to his mother, he sat on her knees until noon, and then died. 21She went up and laid him on the man of God’s bed, shut the door on him, and went out. 22She called to her husband, and said, “Please send me one of the servants, and one of the donkeys, so I may run to the man of God and then come back."

23Her husband said, "Why do you want to go to him today? It is neither new moon nor Shabbat.”


Ketuvei HaShalichim
(Apostolic Writings)

The Blessing of the Ketuvei HaShalichim

Bah-rookh ah-tah Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-shehr nah-tahn la-noo mah-she-ahch Yeshua,
v’ha-deeb­rote shell Ha-breet Ha-kha-da-shah,
ba-rookh ah-ta Adonai,
no­tain Hah-breet Hah-kha-da-shah.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us Messiah Yeshua
and the commandments of the New Covenant.
Blessed are You, O Lord,
Giver of the New Covenant.


Lukas (Luke) 17:26-37

17 26Just as it was in the days of Noach, so it will it also be in the days of the Son of Man. 27They were eating, drinking, marrying, and giving in marriage, until the day Noach entered into the ark. Then the flood came and destroyed them all. 28Likewise, just as it happened in the days of Lot: they ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built; 29but on the day that Lot went out from S’dom, it rained fire and sulfur from the sky, and destroyed them all. 30It will be the same way in the day that the Son of Man is revealed. 31In that day, the one who will be on the housetop with and his goods in the house must not go down to take them away with him. The one who is in the field likewise must not turn back. 32Remember Lot’s wife! 33Whoever seeks to save his life loses it, but whoever loses his life preserves it. 34I tell you, in that night there will be two people in one bed. The one will be taken away [to judgment], and the other will be left. 35There will be two grinding grain together. One will be taken [to judgment], and the other will be left." {(not in all mss)36“Two men will be in the field; one will be taken [to judgment] and the other will be left.”}

37They asked Him, “Where, Lord?”

He said to them, “Where the body is, there will the vultures also be gathered together.”


Romim (Romans) 9:6-9

9 6But it is not as though the word of God has come to nothing. For not all who appear to be of Yisra'el, are actually of Yisra'el. 7Just because they are Avraham’s descendants, they are not all his children. But [as the Torah says], “Those who are to be called your ‘descendants’ are through Yitz'chak.” 8That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are children of God, but it is the children of the promise who are counted as “descendants.” 9For this is a word of promise, “At the appointed time I will come, and Sarah will have a son.”


Galitim (Galatians) 4:21-31

4 21Tell me, you who desire to be subject to the Torah, don’t you listen to the Torah? 22For it is written that Avraham had two sons, one by the handmaid, and one by the free woman. 23However, the son of the handmaid was born according to the flesh, but the son of the free woman was born through promise. 24These things contain an allegory, for these are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, which is Hagar, bearing children to bondage. 25For this Hagar is Mount Sinai in `Arav, and answers to the Yerushalayim that exists now, for she is in bondage [to the Legalism of the Pharisees] with her children. 26But the Yerushalayim that is above is free, which is the mother of us all. 27For it is written,

 “Rejoice, you barren who don't bear.
      Break forth and shout, you that don't travail.
      For more are the children of the desolate than of her who has a husband.”

28Now brothers, we are children of promise, as Yitz'chak was. 29But it is now just as it was then, the one who was born according to the flesh persecuted the one who was born according to the Spirit. 30However, what does the Tanahk say? “Throw out the handmaid and her son, for the son of the handmaid will not inherit with the son of the free woman.” 31So then, brothers, we are not children of a handmaid, but of the free woman.


Ivrim (Hebrews) 6:13-20; 11:13-19

6 13For when God made aHis promise to Avraham, since He could swear by none greater, He swore by Himself, 14saying, “Most surely I will bless you, and I will surely multiply you.” 15Thus, having patiently endured, Avraham obtained the promise. 16People swear by someone greater than themselves, and when it is confirmed by an oath, that puts an end to the matter. 17Because God was determined to sho most connvincingly the unchangeable nature of his intention to the heirs of the promise, he added an oath to the promoise; 18so that through two unchangeable things, in neither of which it is possible for God to lie, those of us who have take a firm grasp onto the hope set before us may be greatly encouraged. 19This hope we have as a sure and safe anchor for our soul, a hope that goes right into which is within the veil [of the heavenly Temple]; 20where Yeshua has entered as our forerunner, having become an eternal Kohen Gadol [High Priest] after the order of Malki-Tzedek.

11 13These all kept trusting until death, never having received the promises. They had only seen them and embraced them from a distance, having acknowledged that they were aliens and temporary residents on the earth. 14For those who say such things make it clear that they are seeking after a country of their own. 15If they had been thinking about the country they came from, they would have had enough time to return there. 16But they are actually looking for a better country; that is, a heavenly one. Because of this, God is not ashamed for them to call Him their God, for He has prepared a city for them.

17When he was being tested, by trusting Avraham offered up Yitz'chak as a sacrifice. Yes, he who had gladly received the promises was offering up his one and only son, 18even after God had said, “Those who will be called your “seed” [descendants] will be through Yitz'chak.” 19He had concluded that God is able to raise people from the dead. Figuratively speaking, he actually did receive his son back from the dead.


Ya'acov (James) 2:14-24

2 14What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith, but has no action to prove it? Can that kind of faith save him? 15And what if a brother or sister has no clothes or daily food, 16and one of you tells them, “Shalom, stay warm and eat well!” and yet you didn’t give them the things the body needs, what good does that do? 17Faith alone, without actions to go with it, is dead in itself. 18Yes, someone might say, “You have faith, and I have actions.” Show me this faith of yours without the action to go with it; my actions will demonstrate my faith.

19You believe that “God is one” [the basic essential Jewish statement of faith]. Good for you. The demons believe it too, and the thought makes them shudder with dread. 20But, you foolish man, do you want to know how faith apart from corresponding actions is worthless? 21Wasn’t Avraham avinu declared righteous by his actions, when he offered up his son Yitz'chak on the altar as a sacrifice? 22You see that his faith worked with his actions, and through his actions his faith was made perfect; 23and so the passage in the Tanakh was fulfilled that says, “Avraham believed God, and it was credited to his account as righteousness." He was even called God’s friend. 24So you can see then that a man is declared righteous by his actions, not by his faith alone.


2 Kefa (Peter) 2:4-10

2 4God did not pardon the angels when they sinned; instead He committed them to the pits of darkness in Sh'ol to be held for judgment. 5And He didn’t spare the ancient world either; He preserved Noach, a preacher of righteousness, along with only seven others when he brought the Flood onto the world full of ungodly people. 6And He condemned the cities of S'dom and `Amorah to destruction, turning them into ashes, making them an example to those who would live ungodly lives; 7but He delivered Lot, a righteous man who was very distressed by the lustful life of those wicked people 8(for as he lived among them and saw and heard their wicked activity every day, his righteous soul was tormented). 9So ADONAI knows how to rescue the Godly out of temptation, and how to hold the unrighteous for the Day of Judgment while He continues to punish them, 10especially those who continue to walk in the their sinful natures, lusting for filth, and who despise authority. Presumptuous and self-willed, they are not even afraid to insult angelic beings.

The Blessing of the Messiah

Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai Eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh-lahm,
ah-sher keed-sha-noo beed-va-reh-khah
v'na-tahn la-noo et Yeshuah M'shee-khay-noo,
v'tzee-va-noo l'he-oat oar lah-oh-lahm.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has sanctified us in Your Word,
and given us Yeshua, our Messiah,
and commanded us to be a light to the world.




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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return