The Third Temple  The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!
If you don’t believe Genesis 1-11, how can you possibly believe John 3:16?
“Indeed, all who want to live a godly life united with the Messiah Yeshua will be persecuted.” (2Tim 3:12)
It is what you actually believe that determines how you walk out your faith, “but avoid stupid controversies, genealogies, quarrels and fights about the Torah; because they are worthless and futile.” (Titus 3:9)

Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

WARNING: The text used for my commentary is my own paraphrase and must not be
considered “a translation” or authorative in any way. It is, in fact, simply my commentary.

Maps, when used, are from BibleAtlas.org. Created using BibleMapper 3.0.
Additional data from OpenBible.info.
Source of Dates Used

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introductory Notes and Comments
Bible Books Index  •  Global Notes  •  Biblical Numerology  •  Weights & Measures
Torah  •  Neviim  •  Kituvim  •  Apocrypha  •  Apostolic Writings


Weights and Measures
Bible Weights and Measurements
 
All values are approximate.
Many measurements vary by era and location.

Lengths
Weights
Liquid Measures
Dry Measures
Money
Time


Lengths
Finger 0.73 inches 1.85 centimeters Jeremiah 52:21 <Convert>
Handbreadth (4 fing.) 2.92 inches 7.42 centimeters Exodus 25:25 <Convert>
Span 9 inches 22.86 centimeters Exodus 28:16 <Convert>
Cubit 18 inches 45.72 centimeters Genesis 6:15 <Convert>
Long Cubit 21 inches 53.34 centimeters Ezekiel 40:5 <Convert>
Rod (6 long cubits) 10.5 feet 3.20 meters Ezekiel 40:5 <Convert>
Fathom 6 feet 1.829 meters Acts 27:28 <Convert>
Furlong (KJV) 1/8 mi., 660 feet 201.168 meters Revelation 14:20 <Convert>
Stadion 607 feet 185 meters Luke 24:13 <Convert>
Sabbath day’s journey 2,000 cubits, 3,000 ft 914.4 meters Acts 1:12 <Convert>
Day’s journey 20 miles 32.187 kilometers 1 Kings 19:4 <Convert>

 

Weights
Gerah (1/20 shekel) 0.0201 ounces 0.57 grams Exodus 30:13 <Convert>
Beka (1/2 shekel) 0.201 ounces 5.7 grams Genesis 24:22 <Convert>
Pim (2/3 shekel) 0.268 ounces 7.6 grams 1 Samuel 13:21 <Convert>
Shekel (20 gerahs) 0.402 ounces 11.4 grams Genesis 23:15 <Convert>
Mina (50 shekels) 1.256 pounds 0.57 kg Ezra 2:69 <Convert>
Talent (60 minas) 75.4 pounds 34.2 kg Exodus 25:39 <Convert>
Litra (Roman Pound) 12 ounces 340 grams John 19:39 <Convert>

 

Liquid Measures
Log 0.33 quarts 0.31 liters Leviticus 14:10 <Convert>
Hin (12 logs) 0.98 gallon 3.71 liters Numbers 15:4 <Convert>
Bath (6 hins) 5.8 gallons 22 liters 1 Kings 5:11 <Convert>
Homer (10 baths) 58 gallons 220 liters Ezekiel 45:11 <Convert>
Cor (10 baths) 58 gallons 220 liters Ezekiel 45:14 <Convert>
Bath (NT) 8.7 gallons 32.9 liters Luke 16:6 <Convert>
Metretes (NT) 10.4 gallons 39.4 liters John 2:6 <Convert>

 

Dry Measures
Cab (1/18 ephah) 1.1 dry quarts 1.2 liters 2 Kings 6:25 <Convert>
Omer (1/10 ephah) 2.0 dry quarts 2.2 liters Exodus 16:16 <Convert>
Seah (1/3 ephah) 6.7 dry quarts 7.3 liters Genesis 18:6 <Convert>
Ephah (10 omers) 0.624 bushels (5 dry gal.) 22 liters Exodus 16:36 <Convert>
Lethech (5 ephahs) 3.12 bushels (25 dry gal.) 110 liters Hosea 3:2 <Convert>
Homer (10 ephahs) 6.24 bushels (50 dry gal.) 220 liters Leviticus 27:16 <Convert>
Cor (10 ephahs) 6.24 bushels (50 dry gal.) 220 liters 1 Kings 4:22 <Convert>
Cor (NT) 10 bushels (93 dry gal.) 350 liters Luke 16:7 <Convert>

 

Money
Denarius Day’s wage   Matthew 20:2 <Est. Current Value>
Drachma Est. 0.035 oz. silver Est. 1 gram silver Luke 15:8 <Est. Current Value>
Didrachma (2 Drach.) Est. 0.07 oz. silver Est. 2 grams silver Matthew 17:24 <Est. Current Value>
Talent, silver Approx. 75.4 lb Approx. 34.24 kg Ezra 8:26 <Est. Current Value>
Talent, gold Approx. 75.4 lb Approx. 34.24 kg 1 Kings 9:28 <Est. Current Value>

 

Time
Sunrise 6 AM 06:00 Mark 16:2 <Convert>
First hour 7 AM 07:00   <Convert>
Second hour 8 AM 08:00   <Convert>
Third hour 9 AM 09:00 Matthew 20:3 <Convert>
Fourth hour 10 AM 10:00   <Convert>
Fifth hour 11 AM 11:00   <Convert>
Sixth hour Noon 12:00 Matthew 20:5 <Convert>
Seventh hour 1 PM 13:00 John 4:52 <Convert>
Eighth hour 2 PM 14:00   <Convert>
Ninth hour 3 PM 15:00 Matthew 20:5 <Convert>
Tenth hour 4 PM 16:00 John 1:39 <Convert>
Eleventh hour 5 PM 17:00 Matthew 20:6-9 <Convert>
Sunset 6 PM 18:00 Luke 4:40 <Convert>
First watch of night 6 PM - 9 PM 18:00 - 21:00 Lamentations 2:19 <Convert>
Second watch 9 PM - midnight 21:00 - 00:00 Luke 12:38 <Convert>
Third watch Midnight - 3 AM 00:00 - 03:00 Luke 12:38 <Convert>
Fourth watch 3 AM - 6 AM 03:00 - 06:00 Matthew 14:25 <Convert>

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Page originally posted on Monday, 13 February 2023

Page last updated on Monday, 02 October 2023 12:30 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!

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