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(Isaiah 2:3)

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Shofar

A Glossary of Unfamiliar Terms
Compiled from numerous source documents
by
Ari Levitt
ThM, ThD, DMin, MA, MBA, ND, CNHP

Ten Commandments Tablets
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Abbreviations Used In This Glossary

abbr. = abbreviated

alt. = alternate

Ar. = Aramaic

esp. = especially

Gr. = Greek

Heb. = Hebrew

lit. = literally

n. = noun

pl. = plural

pron. = pronounced

prop. = properly

sg. = singular

usu. = usually

v. = verb

Yid. = Yiddish

Transliteration/Pronunciation GuideBooks of the Bible
Proper NamesTribes of IsraelThe Mishnah

For more Hebrew words and phrases, you might
enjoy John Parsons’ Hebrew4Christians.com

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E

ecclesia ekklesia [Greek equivalent of Hebrew miqra]
 a gathering of citizens called out from their homes into some public place, an assembly; used in the LXX to refer to a “holy convocation of Israel”
  1. an assembly of the people convened at the public place of the council for the purpose of deliberating
  2. the assembly of the Israelites
  3. any gathering or throng of men assembled by chance, tumultuously
Incorrectly translated in English Bibles as “church.” See Where Did the Word “Church” Come From for a lengthy discussion
 
echad dxa
“one”; denotes a “compound unity” that is found, for example, in one bunch of grapes, or one congregation of numerous individuals; the defining attribute of God as a “compound unity”: “Sh'ma, Yisra'el! ADONAI Eloheinu, ADONAI echad [Hear, Isra'el! ADONAI our God, ADONAI is one]” (Deut. 6:4); contrast yachid, the oneness of singularity
 
ed
mist
 
edei re’iyah
eyewitnesses
 
eder
flock
 
Eder Katan
Little Flock
 
edim
witnesses
 
edut
testimony (pl. eduyot)
 
edut sheker
false testimony of false witnesses
 
efsher
perhaps
 
egel
calf
 
Eglah Arufah
“the heifer-of-the-broken-neck” prescribed in case of an unsolved murder
 
ehrliche Yid
a truly pious Jew
 
eidel
gentle; courteous
 
eidus
witness of testimony; commendation
 
eigene
personal
 
Ein Kelohenu
“There is no simile of our Lord … ” a passage recited after the morning prayer
 
ein ketz
without end
 
eisek
business
 
eish
fire
 
Eish Gehinnom
Fire of Hell
 
eish ketanah
small fire
 
Eish Olam
Eternal Fire
 
eishes chayil
virtuous woman
 
eivot
enmities
 
El Erech Apaim
a prayer mentioning the thirteen Divine Attributes
 
El Malei Rachamim
Literally: God, full of compassion; memorial prayer
 
El Shaddai
God Almighty
 
elef shanim
a thousand years
 
elil
idol
 
elilim
idols
 
Eloheinu
(alt. Elohinu or Elohenu) Our God
 
Elohim
God when referring to HaShem; also gods, judges (lit. mighty ones); plural in form but singular in use, it expresses the “compound unity” of God
 
Elokai Netzor
a passage of personal requests recited upon the conclusions of the silent prayer
 
Elul
Twelfth month of Jewish year … prior to Rosh Hashannah
em
mother
 
emes
truth
 
Emes HaShem
the Truth of God
 
emesdik
genuinely
 
Emissary
Shliach (pl. shliachim/shluchim שליחים/שלוחים), one sent forth with the full power and authority of the sender; Apostle; today’s ambassadors from Israel to other countries or to the United Nations are sometimes referred to as Shliachim in Hebrew.
Emor
a portion in the Book of Leviticus
 
emunah
faith
 
enosh
man
 
epikomios
Greek for after-dinner entertainment; that which comes after; basis for the word aphikomen
 
episkopos
(Gk.) a superintendent, i.e. officer in general charge of a congregation or group of congregations; used interchangeably in the Apostolic Writings with the titles bishop, overseer, elder, and pastor
 
episunagoge
(Gk.) a complete collection; specifically a meeting for worship; assembling (gathering) together; source of the word synagogue, a Jewish house of worship and study
 
eppis
for some reason
 
eravon
pledge
 
ereb
(alt. erev) dusk, night, evening; the day before, the eve of
 
eres
poison; venom
 
Eretz Mitzrayim
Land of Egypt
 
Eretz Yisra’el
The Land of Israel
 
eretz zarah
a strange land
 
erev
(alt. ereb) dusk, night, evening; the day before, the eve of
 
erlichkeit
sincerety
 
ershtins
first of all
 
erusin
betrothal; engagement; in ancient times, the formal engagement ceremony before marriage
 
eruv
an act of legal “mixing”, the means of “mixing”; see eruv chatzerot and eruv tavshilin
 
eruv
arope or wire that is suspended on poles around a city to allow Jews to carry on the Sabbath. Carrying objects from private to public property and public to private property as well as in public property is forbidden by Torah law on the Shabbat. In certain situations, where the city is not Biblically considered public property, there is a Rabbinic prohibition to carry, unless an eruv is erected around the city.
 
eruv chatzerot
an act of legal “mixing” to enable transferring from one “private domain” to another on Sabbath
 
eruv tavshilin
an act of “mixing” the cooked food prepared for a festival and the Sabbath next to it in order to enable cooking and baking on the festival for the Sabbath
 
eser
ten
 
etmol
yesterday
 
etrog
citron fruit; with the lulav, it is the symbol of Sukkot … citron fruit taken as one of the Four Species on the Feast of Tabernacles
 
etz
tree, stick (pl, etzim)
 
etz echad
one stick
 
Etz HaChayyim
the Tree of Life
 
etz teenah
fig tree
 
etza
advice; wisdom
 
etzem
actual
 
eusebes
(Gk.) well-reverent, i.e. pious
devout, Godly
 
evar
(alt. ever) member, limb (pl. evarim)
 
evar katon
small member
 
eved
house slave; servant
 
even
stone
 
Even Shetiyah
the Foundation Stone in the Sanctuary; a one of the titles of Mashiach
 
evus
animal feeding trough
 
Exodus Rabbah
A section of Talmudic commentary on the book of Exodus.
 
eynayeem
eyes
 
eyvah
enmity
 
ezer
help
 
ezrah
aid
 
ezrat nashim
(alt. azarah) the outer courtyard in the Sanctuary
 

Use this “Jump Bar” to directly to any letter of the AlephBet
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Appendix   Liturgy & Worship   Pronunciation   [More]

Page last updated on Saturday, 13 February 2021 01:46 PM
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