The Third Temple  The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)
Jew and Gentile (Synagogue and Church), one in Messiah. (Ephesians 2:14)
“For He is our peace, Who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition, …”

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!
If you don’t believe Genesis 1-11, how can you possibly believe John 3:16?
“Indeed, all who want to live a godly life united with the Messiah Yeshua will be persecuted.” (2Tim 3:12)
It is what you actually believe that determines how you walk out your faith, “but avoid stupid controversies, genealogies, quarrels and fights about the Torah; because they are worthless and futile.” (Titus 3:9)

Please Note: Absolutely nothing on this website should be taken as anti-Church or anti-Rabbinic. I am not anti-anything or anti-anyone. I am only pro-Torah and pro-Truth (see “Philosophy”), but sometimes the Truth upsets our long-held beliefs. I know it certainly upset mine! For example, see “Why Isn’t My Theology Consistent Throughout the Website?”

Developing a
Systematic Messianic Theology

“The purpose of careful theological formulations is not to put barriers in the way of people who are seeking salvation, but to define clearly the truths upon which genuine [Biblical] faith rests, so that people will not be misled by false doctrines.” [Bowman]

“It must be clearly and unequivocally stated that theology cannot save you. Only faith in Messiah Yeshua can save you. Theology can only give you sound doctrine.” [RLS]

Unless otherwise specified, throughout the Theology section of my website I use the term “Torah” in the wider sense of including the entire body of inspired Scripture: both the Tanakh and the Apostolic Writings. I personally do not consder any other so-called “sacred writings” either inspired by God or authoritative for the Believer’s walk of faith. Thus, I do not consider the Mishnah (the “Oral Torah”) as part of Torah. You should make up your own mind.

[Explanations of rabbinic citations are HERE]

Approx. reading time: 37 minutes

What the Torah Says About
The Benéi Elohim (Sons of God)
and the Divine Council

In this article:

Article top

Wait! The Gods of the Pagans are Real?

The Divine Council Worldview

God’s Family

The Unseen Realm

Three Rebellions

The Eden  Rebellion

The Flood Rebellion

The Sons of God (benéi elohim) in Genesis 6:4

The Babel Rebellion

The Sons of God in Deuteronomy 32:8

The Divine Council in Psalm 82

God “Re-boots” His Plan

The Divine Council Elsewhere in Scripture

The Sons of God (benéi elohim) in Job

The Sons of God (benéi elohim) in the Gospels

The Benéi Elohim in the Book of Enoch

Yeshua’s connection to the Divine Council

The Benéi Elohim in the Final Rebellion


“… there is a large gap between the vast majority of Christians and this material … Too many scholars are not interested in trying to bridge the gap. … There are two phrases you should probably keep in mind as you go through this. ‘On Earth as it is in Heaven.’ There is the natural realm we live in and another realm of the supernatural that we can’t see and they are related. The other is ‘Already but not yet.’ God’s plan is in motion but has not reached its complete Fulfillment.”[1]
Dr. Michael S. Heiser Disclaimer: I only became aware of Dr. Heiser’s “Divine Council” theology after his leaving the earthly realm (February 14, 1963 – February 20, 2023), and as yet I am not sure how much (if any) of his teaching I fully agree with. In all fairness, those of you have spent any time on this website know there are very few (if any) people with whom I agree completely, and I do not expect anyone to fully agree with me. However, I do find his viewpoint very interesting, well articulated, and worthy of further investigation, so I have included many of his teaching videos — most of which are quite lengthy — as part of my website. If you would like a more systematic and “bite-size” way of discovering what “Divine Council” theology is all about, I refer you to his “NakedBible Podcast” and the Divine Council Worldview Facebook Group.

Caution: once you have seriously considered “Divine Council Theology” you will never again see Scripture the same way! I now see the “Divine Council” at work throughout the Bible.

Old English capital letter GCoffee Mug with picture of an alienGet ready for a shock! If you have ever watched the TV series “Ancient Aliens” on the History Channel (now well into its 19th season as of this writing) you are familiar with the declaration, “We are not alone. We have never been alone.” Well hang onto your hat! It’s true!! But not true in the worldview they represent; it’s true in the Bible!

“This is not anything that we bump into in our everyday lives. If it doesn’t make you a little bit uncomfortable, you’re not taking it seriously.”[2]

In the 70-plus years of my walk with the LORD, which has included over 35 years as a bi-vocational pastor, nine years as a seminary student, and seven years as a theology professor, one of the hardest things that I think I have ever had to come to terms with is the idea of a Divine Council. When I first heard of this concept it sounded to me like the person presenting this idea must be teaching polytheism, which I knew can not possibly be true, since the “prime directive”[3] of both Rabbinic and Messianic Judaism (and certainly should also be for Christianity, but most unfortunately is not) is the Shema:

Shema, Israel! Adonai Eloheinu. Adonai Echad! Hear, O Israel, the LORD [יְהוָֹה, yud-heh-vav-heh] is our God. The LORD [יְהוָֹה, yud-heh-vav-heh] is one! (Deut. 6:4, Mark 12:29)

I am not at all sure that I am going to be able to clearly present the concept here, so I suggest very strongly that if you are going to accept — or even seriously consider — this concept, you will need to read at least these four sources:

You should probably read them in this order, starting with What Does God Want? (the Kindle version is free with Kindle Unlimited and only $2.99 to buy). Then read Norton’s devotional book (only 99 cents for the Kindle version and free with Kindle Unlimited). You can read Kindle books with the free Kindle app[4] for phone or computer. Of his book Norton says:

“This devotional is a first step towards this particular bit of Theology. It is not the bridge itself. It’s a step up to the bridge. Dr. Heiser often states, ‘What you know may not be so.’” (Norton, p. 4)

After you have Norton’s book, you can decide whether or not you want to explore this concept any further. And, by the way, it will provide you with access to a huge amount of additional material on the topic that you might find much more informational than my brief article.


Wait! The Gods of the Pagans are Real?

I was first sent down this path of discovery by Rabbi Jonathan Cahn’s recent book, The Return of the Gods,[5] in which R'Cahn proposes that the descent of the world back into paganism that we are currently experiencing (and which should be obvious to any true Bible-believing individual) is the result of humanity, as a whole, rejecting the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, thus ejecting the Holy Spirit from our society. Right after our Rabbi Yeshua had cast a demon from a man, he used a parable to explain the result what can happen when the demon is not replaced by the Holy Spirit (please read the entire chapter):

43“When an unclean spirit comes out of a person, it travels through dry country seeking rest and does not find it. 44Then it says to itself, ‘I will return to the house I left.’ When it arrives, it finds the house standing empty, swept clean and put in order. 45Then it goes and takes with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they come and live there — so that in the end, the person is worse off than he was before. This is how it will be for this wicked generation.” (Matthew 12:43-45, CJB)

R'Cahn explains that after the resurrection and ascension of Yeshua, as the Gospel of the Kingdom spread through the pagan world, the gods (actual, real spirit beings) who ruled the pagan nations were banished and the Holy Spirit took their place. But in just the past few decades the once-Christian nations have been systematically banishing God and Ruach HaKodesh, leaving a vacuum into which the ancient gods are returning.


The Divine Council Worldview

God’s Family

The primary idea behind the “divine council worldview” is that God has a family and that He wants His family to be part of the “family business” of “imaging” Him (Gen. 1:26-27) and managing the universe. God didn’t “need” a family; He doesn’t need anything because He is totally self-sufficient. But He wanted a family, so he first created the benéi Elohim to run the “family business” in the unseen realm. Then he created the angelic “heavenly host” who were assigned varying responsibilities in that realm (see “Spirit Beings” and “Holy Angels”).

Having created the entire unseen realm, God then proceded to create the visible realm as described in Genesis 1. The Garden of Eden (Gen. 2:8) was created to be God’s “residence” on planet Earth. He then created humans to run the “family business” in the visible realm with Eden serving as “corporate headquarters.” (Gen. 1:26; 2:15)


The Unseen Realm

In the invisible, unseen realm[6] there is an entire order of creation that is beyond the reach of our senses or our comprehension. Before God created our material universe He had created an entire order of heavenly beings:  בְנֵי הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙, benéi Elohim (sometimes simply elohim); כְּרוּבִ֣ים, cherubim; שְּׂרָפִ֔ים, seraphim; and מַּלְאָכִ֤ים, malakim (messengers, angels). The names do not denote species of spirit being, they denote assigned function (see “Spirit Beings” and “Holy Angels”).

The Unseen Realm HeirarchyIn the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) any resident of that unseen realm (including deceased humans) may be referred to as one of the elohim, the word translated into English as gods. Our western tradition, especially Christianity, has gotten us used to thinking of the word god as referring to either the God of the Bible (with a capital G) — the God of Abraham — or the many gods of pagan mythology (with a lower-case g). However, if we are to understand the Tanakh correctly we must first get used to the fact that the Hebrew word elohim is used not to refer to quality, but rather to location.

In brief, the idea of the Divine Council is that in the heavenly places there exists a class of heavenly beings known as the benéi Elohim who rank above the angels and below Yehovah God. They are incorporeal beings who, like humanity, are “imagers” of God, who were with God when He created the space/time continuum, “… when the morning stars sang together and all the sons of God (בְּנֵ֣י אֱלֹהִ֔ים, benéi Elohim) shouted for joy.” (Job 38:7)


Three Rebellions

The whole concept of the benéi Elohim and the Divine Council is laid out for us in the accounts of the three great rebellions: the Garden, the Flood, and the Babel incident. These will be mentioned briefly here and explained in more detail in the later sections. We must remember that God is omniscient, so these rebellions could not possibly have taken Him by surprise. But since He wants His family to have free will, he allowed the rebellions to occur, but He also provided a remedy for these rebellions before they happened.


The Eden Rebellion

God had created Eden to be His residence in the physical realm and had installed Adam, with his helper Eve, as caretaker over the physical realm. Humankind (Adam and his descendants) was to have dominion over the entire physical realm and cultivate the whole planet to be perfect, just as Eden was perfect. There was only one prohibition, the tree of knowledge of good and evil[7] was off-limits. Humankind was intended to remain innocent and dependant upon God for knowledge.

But one of the benéi elohim from the invisible realm became jealous that God had created an earthly family of “imagers,” so he concocted a plan that would anger God so that He would eliminate His human family. God had given Adam and Eve only one rule (commandment); they were not to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil. so this ben Elohim would deceive them and give them a choice: either remain subject to the rule of God or submit to the rule of the accuser, HaSatan. Eve was deceived into believing that the fruit of the forbidden tree was to be desired and would “make the like god.” After all, wouldn’t that make them better caretakers of this infant planet?

Now the serpent was more crafty than any wild animal which Adonai, God, had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You are not to eat from any tree in the garden’?” The woman answered the serpent, “We may eat from the fruit of the trees of the garden, but about the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden God said, ‘You are neither to eat from it nor touch it, or you will die.’” The serpent said to the woman, “It is not true that you will surely die; because God knows that on the day you eat from it, your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it had a pleasing appearance and that the tree was desirable for making one wise, she took some of its fruit and ate. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her; and he ate. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized that they were naked. So they sewed fig leaves together to make themselves loincloths. (Gen. 3:1-7)

The woman was deceived (2Cor. 11:3; 1Tim. 2:14) but the man made the clear choice to rebel against God and submit to the authority of the “serpent.” As a result, Adam relinquished to the “serpent” his authority over the physical realm. The “serpent” was cursed by God (Gen. 3:14), a state of enmity was placed between all of humanity and those benéi elohim who had participated in the rebellion with “the serpent” (Gen. 3:15). The woman was no longer to be totally equal to the man, but was now to be subject to his dominion (Gen. 3:16, literal). The entire earth was placed under a curse of sin and death (Gen. 3:17-19). A system of blood sacrifice was instituted (Gen. 3:21) and mankind was cast out of Eden (Gen. 3:23-24).

“Adam and Eve rebelled. They violated God’s command to not eat from one of the trees in the garden. They sinned and lost eternal life in God’s presence. Every human born thereafter was born outside Eden, estranged from God. The apostle Paul summed it up well: “The wages of sin is death” (Rom 6:23).
   That tragedy was brought on by an even earlier rebellion. One of God’s supernatural children decided to dishonor God’s decision to have a human family by tempting Eve, hoping God would destroy her and Adam. He came to Eve in the form of a serpent (Gen. 3:1-7). The Bible refers to the serpent as Satan and the Devil (Rev 12:9). He succeeded in getting Eve to sin, but failed when it came to getting rid of humanity permanently.”[10]

Adam and Eve rebelled against God and violated His command to not eat of the tree. But in His infinite mercy God promised that one of Eve’s descendants would ultimately defeat “the serpent” and his rule over the physical realm.

“The Bible makes it clear that God saw what was coming and had a plan of forgiveness and salvation in place before the rebellion even happened — from “the foundation of the world” to be precise (Eph. 1:4; Heb. 9:26-10:7; 1Pet. 1:20).”[11]
The Flood Rebellion

After leaving Eden Adam lived for 930 years, then he died (approx. 3045 BCE). Adam’s descendants were Seth (3845 BCE), Enosh (3740 BCE), Kenan (3650 BCE), Mahalel (3580 BCE), Jared (3515 BCE), Enoch (3353 BCE), Methuselah (3288 BCE), and Lamech (3101 BCE). Then when Lemekh was 182 years old (approx 2919 BCE), he had a son, whom he named Noach (Gen. 5:5-28).

In time, when men began to multiply on earth, and daughters were born to them, 2the sons of God [בְּנֵ֣י הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים, benéi Elohim] saw that the daughters of men were attractive; and they took wives for themselves, whomever they chose. 3 Adonai said, “My Spirit will not live in human beings forever, for they too are flesh; therefore their life span is to be 120 years.” 4 The N’filim were on the earth in those days, and also afterwards, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them; these were the ancient heroes, men of renown. 5 Adonai saw that the people on earth were very wicked, that all the imaginings of their hearts were always of evil only. 6 Adonai regretted that he had made humankind on the earth; it grieved his heart. 7 Adonai said, “I will wipe out humankind, whom I have created, from the whole earth; and not only human beings, but animals, creeping things and birds in the air; for I regret that I ever made them.” 8 But Noach found grace in the sight of Adonai. (Gen. 6:1-8)

It’s important to understand that the phrase “sons of God” always refers to created (not born) beings; that is, beings who have been directly created by God. Adam was a “son of God” (Luke 3:38) because he was directly created by God; Yeshua was likewise a “Son of God” (Luke 1:35) in that same sense because He (His physical form) was directly created by God in the womb of a teen-aged virgin. It is my understanding that the benéi Elohim were the first intelligent beings directly created by God to be in charge of His “family business” in the unseen realm, and that humans were created by God to be in charge of His “family business” in the physical realm. Believers in Yeshua as Messiah become “sons of God” by virtue of becoming “a new creation” (2Cor. 5:17; Gal. 6:14-15), literally being created directly by God through the indwelling of Ruach HaKodesh.

Here we read that “in the days of Noach” some of the benéi Elohim, that is, the sons of God from the unseen realm, began to intermarry with “the daughters of men,” human women. They had decided that they were not satisfied to just be a part of God’s family; they wanted to create their own human families to “image” themselves — and perhaps to create humans who would worship them instead of worshiping God. The result of that interbreeding was twofold: the Nephilim [sometimes translated “giants,” so when reading the Bible and you see the word “giant” think “Nephalim”] began to be on the earth, both then and after the flood, and everyone on earth, with the exception of Noah (and his immediate family) was totally wicked. So God gave them 120 years to repent, or He would wipe out every living creature from the face of the earth.


The Sons of God (benéi elohim) in Genesis 6:4

The Nephilim were on the earth in those days — and afterward as well — when the sons of God (בְּנֵ֣י הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים, benéi haElohim) had relations with the daughters of men. And they bore them children who became the mighty men of old, men of renown. (Gen. 6:4, BSB)

Some of the benéi Elohim “left their own domain” to “indulge in sexual perversion and go after strange flesh.”

And angels who did not keep their own domain but abandoned their proper dwelling place, these He has kept in eternal restraints under darkness for the judgment of the great day, … these angels indulged in sexual perversion and went after strange flesh (Jude 1:6-7, NASB)

Remember that from the time the Tanakh began to be translated into the Greek Septuagint (LXX) onward, probably in the early or middle part of the third century BCE,[9] due to limitations in the Greek vocabulary, all the “white hat” spiritual beings were dumped into the classification of “angels” and all of the “black hat” spiritual beings were dumped into the classification of “demons.” At the time of the Apostles, the LXX was the version of the Tanakh in common use, so many of the quotations from the Tanakh found in the Apostolic Writings were taken from the LXX and the vocabulary of the LXX strongly influenced the Apostolic Writings.

So some (we don’t know how many) of the benéi Elohim — these “angels that sinned” (2Pet. 2:4-5) — left the unseen realm and came to the physical realm to “indulge in sexual perversion and go after strange flesh,” i.e., human women. Jude tells us that they are now being “kept in eternal restraints under darkness for the judgment of the great day.” It is thought that the Nephilim were the hybrid offspring of these unnatural inter-species relations.

All of the Nephilim that were on the earth at the time of the flood were drowned. In Hebrew thought, demons are the spirits of these dead Nephilim. As there were also Nephilim after the flood, it is clear that at least some of the benéi Elohim did not learn their lesson and continued their “perversion” after the flood. After the flood these Nephilim and their offspring are referred to as “Rephaim,” “Anakim,” “Emim,” or “giants” (Deut 2:11).


The Babel Rebellion

Tower of BabelAfter the Flood God had commanded Noah, “And you people, be fruitful, multiply, swarm on the earth and multiply on it”(Gen. 9:7). Just five generations later the people had rebelled against God’s command. ...

The whole earth used the same language, the same words. It came about that as they traveled from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shin‘ar and lived there. They said to one another, “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them in the fire.” So they had bricks for building-stone and clay for mortar. Then they said, “Come, let’s build ourselves a city with a tower that has its top reaching up into heaven, so that we can make a name for ourselves and not be scattered all over the earth.” (Gen. 11:1-4)

God had commanded that they spread all over the earth and get to the business of restoring an Eden-like earth. Instead they had all settled in the land of Shinar (which would later become Babylon) under the leadership of Nimrod [MUCH MORE HERE — IMPORTANT], who was a descendant of Ham and “who was the first powerful ruler on earth.” (1Chron. 1:10)

There are a few different interpretations of this tower. I believe it was meant to be an observatory to study the stars for the purpose of astrology, which was a the core of what would become the Babylon Mystery Religion. [PLEASE READ THIS WHOLE ARTICLE] Others believe that they intended to use this tower into the heavenly realm to actually attack the gods who lived there. Motives aside, it was a clear rebellion against the authority and command of God, so …

ADONAI came down to see the city and the tower the people were building. ADONAI said, “Look, the people are united, they all have a single language, and see what they’re starting to do! At this rate, nothing they set out to accomplish will be impossible for them! Come, let’s go down and confuse their language, so that they won’t understand each other’s speech.” So from there ADONAI scattered them all over the earth, and they stopped building the city. For this reason it is called Bavel [confusion] — because there ADONAI confused the language of the whole earth, and from there ADONAI scattered them all over the earth. (Genesis 11:1-9, CJB)

According to the Divine Council worldview, God appointed one of the gods (benéi Elohim) to oversee each of the seventy language groups into which he had scattered humanity.


The Sons of God (benéi Elohim) in Deuteronomy 32:8

When God Most High divided up the nations —

when He divided up humankind —

He decided the people’s boundaries

based on the number of the gods. (CEB)

When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance,

when he divided mankind,

he fixed the borders of the peoples

according to the number of the sons of God. (ESV)

The Most High assigned nations their lands;

He determined where peoples should live.

He assigned to each nation a heavenly being, (GNT)

When the Most High gave nations as their inheritance,

when He separated the human race,

He set boundaries for the people

according to the number of the children of God. (ISV)

… the reading in 4QDeut and LXX makes perfect sense: The Most High divided all the peoples of the world between the divine beings, with each people possessing their own deity. Indeed, the next verse continues this point nicely:
כִּי חֵלֶק יְ־הֹוָה עַמּוֹ יַעֲקֹב חֶבֶל
For YHWH’s portion is His people; Jacob, God’s own allotment. (Deut. 32:9)

This imagery of an assembly of divine beings, presided over by a supreme God “(the Most High, ʿElyon)” appears also in Psalm 82 and 1 Kings 22:19, and is familiar from Ugaritic poetry. The MT’s[12] “sons of Israel” reflects a conscious intervention in the text by a scribe uncomfortable with the polytheistic picture of divine beings, and thus, that scribe de-mythologized the original polytheistic description by replacing the word “god” with “Israel.” (Prof. Emmanuel Tov: “The Sons of Israel or God? – Deuteronomy 32:8” accessed 09/05/23)


The Divine Council in Psalm 82

But clearly, those benéi Elohim failed to rule wisely over the nations God had appointed for them, so God severely chastised them.

God (אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים, Elohim) has taken his place in the divine council;

in the midst of the gods (אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים, elohim) He holds judgment:

2“How long will you judge unjustly

and show partiality to the wicked? Selah

3Give justice to the weak and the fatherless;

maintain the right of the afflicted and the destitute.

4Rescue the weak and the needy;

deliver them from the hand of the wicked.”

5They have neither knowledge nor understanding,

they walk about in darkness;

all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

6I said, “You are gods (אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים, elohim),

sons of the Most High (וּבְנֵ֖י עֶלְי֣וֹן, bene elyon), all of you;

7nevertheless, like men you shall die,

and fall like any prince.”

8Arise, O God (אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים, Elohim), judge the earth;

for you shall inherit all the nations! (Psalm 82, ESV)

The psalmist paints a picture for us of Yehovah Elohim, taking his seat in the Divine Council among the other elohim and judging them for their misconduct. They have judged unjustly and shown partiality to the wicked. They have failed to rescue the weak and the needy; they have failed to deliver them from the hand of the wicked. Though they are “gods (אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים, elohim), sons of the Most High (וּבְנֵ֖י עֶלְי֣וֹן, bene elyon),” they stand condemned to “die like men and fall like any prince.” Thus it is impossible to consider that the elohim He is judging are the other members of the Godhead; they are perfect — they have never committed any form of misconduct, and they are Yehovah. And they cannot possibly be the judges of Israel as traditional Judaism teaches. They already are men who shall die. The condemnation of death would mean nothing to them because it is already their fate.

Here we must also note that the word אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים (elohim) cannot be a word to describe the specific attributes of Yehovah because there are other elohim who do not share His attributes. They may be אֱ‍ֽלֹהִ֗ים elohim, but only Yehovah is הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים HaElohim, The Elohim. So, the word elohim denotes “residence” rather than a fixed set of attributes. Throughout the Tanakh we find the word elohim used as a generic term for all spirit beings (any entity that exists outside of our physical realm, including Yehovah, the angelic host, and deceased humans).

The God Yehovah (Elohim) has decreed that the gods (elohim), sons of the Most High (bene elyon), have once again failed Him and He has therefore sentenced them to die like mortals. (“Already, but not yet.”)


God “Re-boots” His Plan

God had divided humanity into seventy language groups, or nations, but out of those nations He would create one nation for Himself. He would call one man out from the nations to build a new nation, a nations of priests, of “imagers,” to bear His image to the nations — the man Avram.

I find it interesting that out of all the seventy nations, God would call Avram out of the land of Ur, from the very city of Nimrod where stood the remains of the once mighty ziggurat of Ur that was supposed to reach into the very heavenly realm itself.

God would make five eternal covenants with Avram — through him and his descendants — that would ultimately reverse all the damage that had been done to humanity and to the earth. Through those covenants humanity would be redeemed and the earth would finally be returned to the original Eden-like planet. God will ultimately create for Himself a place on this planet where He will literally live among His people. Already, but not yet.


The Divine Council Elsewhere in Scripture

The Sons of God (benéi elohim) in Job

One day the sons of God (בְּנֵ֣י הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים, benéi haElohim) came to present themselves before Yehovah, and the accuser also came with them. … On another day the sons of God (בְּנֵ֣י הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים, benéi haElohim) came to present themselves before Yehovah, and the accuser also came with them to present himself before Him. (Job 1:6; 2:1, RLS)

Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding, … When the morning stars sang together And all the sons of God (בְּנֵ֣י אֱלֹהִ֔ים, benéi Elohim) shouted for joy? (Job 38:4,7, NASB)


The Sons of God (benéi elohim) in the Gospels

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God (υἱοὶ Θεοῦ, huioi Theou). (Matthew 5:9, NASB)

… for they cannot even die anymore, for they are like angels, and are sons of God, (υἱοὶ Θεοῦ, huioi Theou) being sons of the resurrection. (Luke 20:36, NASB)

If Yeshua spoke Hebrew, as I am very certain He did, His words for “sons of God” that have here been translated into Greek as huioi Theou would have been בְּנֵ֣י אֱלֹהִ֔ים, benéi Elohim. That is, His disciples who have been resurrected will take their seat as benéi Elohim in the Divine Council and rule with Him in the Olam Haba (world to come).

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God (benéi Elohim). (Matthew 5:9, NASB)

… for they cannot even die anymore, for they are like angels, and are sons of God (benéi Elohim), being sons of the resurrection. (Luke 20:36, NASB)

Does that blow your mind? It blew my mind the first time I considered the ramifications of this concept. Rav Sha'ul (the Apostle Paul) confirms what Yeshua said:

For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God (benéi Elohim). (Rom. 8:14, ESV)

… for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God (benéi Elohim), through faith. (Gal. 3:26, ESV)

For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God (benéi Elohim). (Rom. 8:19, ESV)


The Benéi Elohim in the Book of Enoch

Although the Book of Enoch[13] is not part of what we currently recognize as “Scripture,” it was well known to the Apostolic writers and may have influenced Kefa, and Y'hudah cites it directly.[14] Ancient astronaut theorists rely heavily upon on the Book of Enoch for their concept of the “Watchers” as ancent astronauts.

The first part of the apocryphal Book of Enoch expands and interprets Genesis 6:1: that the "sons of God" were a group of 200 "angels" called "Watchers", who descended to Earth to breed with humans. Their offspring are the Nephilim, "giants" who "consumed all the acquisitions of men". When humans could no longer sustain the Nephilim, they turned against humanity. The Watchers also instructed humans in metallurgy and metalworking, cosmetics, sorcery, astrology, astronomy, and meteorology. God then ordered the Watchers to be imprisoned in the ground, and created the Great Flood (or the numerous Deluge myths) to rid Earth of the Nephilim and of the humans given knowledge by the Watchers. To ensure humanity's survival, Noah is forewarned of the oncoming destruction. Because they disobeyed God, the book describes the Watchers as "fallen angels."

Some ancient astronaut proponents argue that this story is a historical account of extraterrestrials visiting Earth, called Watchers because their mission was to observe humanity. Some of the extraterrestrials disobeyed orders; they made contact with humans, cross-bred with human females, and shared knowledge with them. The Nephilim were thus half-human-half-extraterrestrial hybrids.

Chuck Missler and Mark Eastman argue that modern UFOs carry the fallen angels, or offspring of fallen angels, and that "Noah's genealogy was not tarnished by the intrusion of fallen angels. It seems that this adulteration of the human gene pool was a major problem on the planet earth." (, accessed 05 October 2023)


Yeshua’s connection to the Divine Council (Citing Psalm 82:6)

22Then came Hanukkah in Yerushalayim. It was winter, 23and Yeshua was walking around inside the Temple area, in Shlomo’s Colonnade. 24So the Judeans surrounded Him and said to Him, “How much longer are You going to keep us in suspense? If You are the Messiah, tell us publicly!” 25Yeshua answered them, “I have already told you, and you don’t trust Me. The works I do in My Father’s name testify on My behalf, 26but the reason you don’t trust is that you are not included among My sheep. 27My sheep listen to My voice, I recognize them, they follow Me, 28and I give them eternal life. They will absolutely never be destroyed, and no one will snatch them from My hands. 29My Father, who gave them to Me, is greater than all; and no one can snatch them from the Father’s hands. 30I and the Father are one.

31Once again the Judeans picked up rocks in order to stone Him. 32Yeshua answered them, “You have seen Me do many good deeds that reflect the Father’s power; for which one of these deeds are you stoning Me?33The Judeans replied, “We are not stoning You for any good deed, but for blasphemy — because You, who are only a man, are making Yourself out to be God [Elohim].” 34Yeshua answered them, “Isn’t it written in your Torah, ‘I have said, “You people are Elohim’”? [Psalm 82:6] 35If he called ‘elohim’ the people to whom the word of Elohim was addressed (and the Tanakh cannot be broken), 36then are you telling the One Whom the Father set apart as holy and sent into the world, ‘You are committing blasphemy,’ just because I said, ‘I am a Son of Elohim [Ben Elohim]? 37If I am not doing deeds that reflect My Father’s power, don’t trust Me. 38But if I am, then, even if you don’t trust Me, trust the deeds; so that you may understand once and for all that the Father is united with Me, and I am united with the Father.39One more time they tried to arrest Him, but He slipped out of their hands. (John 10:22-39, CJB)

Remember, these people were Jews and were very probably speaking Hebrew.[GN] John’s account of the event was also very probably written in Hebrew! The Judeans (Jewish leaders) clearly heard Yeshua’s claim to be Elohim and they were going to stone Him for blasphemy! He reminded them that the psalmist wrote that there were other elohim besides the Elohim, so they should not be surprised that He also was Ben Elohim!

As I was discussing this concept via text messaging with my sister, she said something that was totally unexpected. I had texted her:

“Fifty-five years in the Church, over 20 years in Messianic Judaism, plus nine years in seminary as a student and seven years as a theology professor, and I never heard of Yeshua claiming to be part of ‘the Divine Council.’ In fact, I never heard of ‘The Divine Council’ until I read Heiser.”

Her answer literally rocked my world. She replied:

“That really does make me wonder though. If you have never heard of it, it is highly unlikely that Mom would have, right?
   “A bit before Dad passed away Mom told me about a dream she had, and in that dream she was told Dad would soon be taken because there was a ‘council meeting with God and Dad had been invited to attend.’
   “She appeared resolved that she was going to lose him from that point on. She was not at peace, but she was completely aware that God was calling him home for something important. Not even a week after that, Dad had to be admitted to the VA hospital. He begged me not to make him go and said it would be his last trip if he went. He never said that before, ever. And he did not make it home.”

The clear intent of Mom’s “prophetic dream” (never having heard of the Divine Council) was that our Dad was going to go take his seat in the Divine Council! The ramifications of that “revelation” are nothing short of earth-shattering! Our father, a mere mortal pastor, clearly was going Home and was to become one of the benéi Elohim according to the word of Yeshua as confirmed by Rav Sha'ul!!!


The Benéi Elohim in the Final Rebellion


Still working on this section of the page[MORE GOES HERE AND IT WILL BE LINKED TO THIS PAGE]


See “Nephilim, Demons & UFOs



This section is far from completeI am totally unsure that I have addressed this topic thoroughly, but I am going to set it aside for now and work on my commentary (and other articles). I have many more ideas bouncing around in my head that I’m having a lot of difficulty arranging into cogent statements. Watching an Answers In Genesis video about what happened to the Mayan civilization made me think about why there are “pyramid” structures on all the habitable continents other than Australia. If all the “tribes” of mankind came from Babel, then they are not “pyramids” at all — they are ziggerats like the tower they were building at Babel. But when were they built and by whom? Did the ancient gods (benéi Elohim) give them the knowledge and technology to build them and other ancient monolithic structures and cities?

And what about the “Ancient Astronaut Theory” and all the UFOs and UAPs zipping around in our skies (filmed by our military aircraft and ground-based radar)? See “The Benéi Elohim in the Book of Enoch,” above. If the universe is only 6,000 years old, clearly any other civilization that God may have created elsewhere could not have had enough time to develop interstellar travel (or could they?). So are all these unexplainable phenomena being created by the evil benéi elohim (demons) to deceive us as we enter the last of the Last Days? I’m still trying to get everyting sifted, but I’m not sure that I ever will. See “Nephilim, Demons & UFOs.” I think the video messages on that page present a compelling case for the UFO/UAP phenomenon being caused by interdimensional beings; the most likely candidates are the benéi Elohim.


  1. Norton, Michael E. The Divine Council Worldview: The Supernatural Worldview of the Bible - A Devotional Introduction. (pp. 4-5). Kindle Edition. [BACK]

 2. Theoretical physicist Sean Carroll, PhD on Star Talk video “Physics & Philosophy with Sean Carroll & Neil deGrasse Tyson,” time mark 14:04, accessed 09/02/23. This video has absolutely nothing to do with our topic, but it is where I heard the quote and (as always) I want to give proper credit. [BACK]

 3. “In the fictional universe of Star Trek, the Prime Directive (also known as ‘Starfleet General Order 1’, and the ‘non-interference directive’), is a guiding principle [my emphasis] of Starfleet that prohibits its members from interfering with the natural development of alien civilizations. Its stated aim is to protect unprepared civilizations from the danger of starship crews introducing advanced technology, knowledge, and values before they are ready.” (Prime Directive - Wikipedia) Yes, I freely admit that I am a Trekkie, and have been since the first episode of TOS [other Trekkies will understand the reference] aired in 1966. Don’t knock it! Most of what I know about the physical sciences first came to my attention through science fiction, of which I have been an avid fan since I first read Rabert A. Heinlein’s classic novel, Have Space Suit, Will Travel in 1958.

By stating that the shema is the “Prime Directive” of Judaism I mean that it should be the primary guiding principle behind all biblical theology. It might also be evident from the opening paragraph that I am also a “UFO nut.” I freely admit it, but I watch UFO shows for their value as science fiction, not as science fact. Do I think we are alone in the universe? I clearly do not, as specified in the opening paragraph of this article. Do I think we are alone in the physical realm? I leave that for others to debate. The answer simply does not concern me, nor does it concern my theology. [BACK]

 4. If you are not familiar with Amazon’s Kindle app, I highly recommend it. It is available for PC, Mac, Android, and iPhone. On Chromebook the app is called Kindle Cloud Reader. On a PC or Mac it has the ability to highlight passages, add your own notes, and create flashcards. The app is free, and a very reasonably-priced Kindle Unlimited membership makes literally hundreds of books available to “borrow” free from the Kindle library. Books that are available to purchase in the Kindle format are usually priced considerably lower than the paperback and hardcover versions, and are yours to keep forever in your own Kindle library. Besides Amazon, there are hundreds of free books that can be downloaded from other sites and read with the Kindle app. [BACK]

 5. Understanding the true nature of the benéi Elohim, the false “gods” of the pagan nations, fits directly into Rabbi Jonathan Cahn’s teaching in his new book, The Return of the Gods. The ancient gods of the nations have returned in full force to drive out true Biblical faith and regain their dominion over the nations. As you watch this video, remember that after the Tanakh was translated into the Septuagint, all the “white hat” spiritual beings were lumped into the category of ἀγγέλους (angelous) and all the “black hat” spiritual beings were lumped into the category of δαιμονίοις (daimoniois). Watch Jonathan Cahn’s full series here. [BACK]

 6. These are the things of myth and fairy tales, right? The Bible tells a different story. In the documentary “The Unseen Realm” [1 hour, 11 minutes], a light is cast on the strange and enigmatic plane of the supernatural that lies within the pages of Scripture. And what we discover are two distinct worlds—with vastly different inhabitants—created and ruled by one loving triune God. Featuring Corbin Bernsen. Directed by Reuben Evans, produced by Reuben Evans, Bob Pritchett, Brian Russell, Jarred Coates, Corbin Bernsen. If you watch this video very carefully, you will never again think of spirit beings the same way. If you haven't read the introduction to Spirit Beings page, read that first.

Rebellion in God’s council. Spirits of dead giants. Rival gods creating chaos.​ Get the book The Unseen Realm by Dr. Michael S. Heiser. Get The Unseen Realm Bundle and dig deeper into the unseen realm with the Logos Bible Study app. See also the elohim (gods) and the satan (accuser) discussed in this video: “The Divine Council & Unseen World in OT.” [BACK]

 7. It is important to understand that the tree was not “the tree of knowledge.” Those who subscribe to the Ancient Astronaut Theory and related nonsense hold that the ancient astronaut “gods” gave humankind the “forbidden knowledge” of technology. Knowledge of technology was not forbidden. What was forbidden was to partake of the “tree of knowledge of good and evil.” Humankind was intended to remain innocent and dependent upon God for knowledge. In my humble oopinion, had Adam and Eve not eaten that particular fruit, there would have never been either death of any living being (plants don’t count because they’re food) or any form of evil.  [BACK]

 8. Here is an excelent video that explains how we can calculate the approximate dates of events from Adam to Abraham. (Click the image for a full-page view) [BACK]
Timeline from Adam to Abraham

 9. “Septuagint,”, accessed 09/03/23. [BACK]

10. Heiser, Michael S. What Does God Want? (p. 14). Blind Spot Press. Kindle Edition. [BACK]

11. Ibid., p. 14. [BACK]

12. MT = Masoretic Text is the traditional Hebrew text of the Tanakh. [BACK]

13. The Book of Enoch is a pseudepigraphal work that is not included in any canon of scripture. It was mostly excluded from Christian canons by the 4th century and is now regarded as scripture by only the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and the Eritrean Orthodox Church. The book of Enoch was never considered authentic by the Jewish rabbis, and it was never included in the Hebrew Scriptures’ canon. The reasons for its exclusion from most Christian canons are not entirely clear. According to one source, it was excluded because it was of late authorship and never made it into either the Septuagint or the Masoretic, both of which predate Christianity. Another source suggests that it wasn’t included in the Biblical canon due to the belief that Enoch himself didn’t author most of the book and that I Enoch wasn’t divinely inspired by God. [BACK]

14. KefaPeter may have gotten the idea of the fallen spirits being “kept bound with eternal chains” from the Book of Enoch (chapters 13 & 14). Just because the idea comes from what is now considered an extra-biblical source does not mean that it is not true. While there are no direct quotes from the Book of Enoch in the Apostolic Writings, there are some scholars who believe that the Apostolic writers may have been influenced by the Book of Enoch. For example, Y'hudaJude’s letter contains a reference to a prophecy by Enoch (Jude 1:14-15), although this passage is not a direct quote from the Book of Enoch 1, or First Enoch. It is also worth noting that some scholars believe that Yeshua Himself may have been influenced by the Book of Enoch. There is no direct evidence to support this claim, but there is ample evidence that the Book of Enoch was well known in first-century Israel. [BACK]


Page originally posted on Shabbat, 24 June 2023
Page revised on Monday, 21 August 2023
Page revised on Tuesday, 05 September 2023
Pagae revised on Thursday, 05 October 2023

Page last updated on Friday, 06 October 2023 03:16 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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