The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)
Jew and Gentile (Synagogue and Church), one in Messiah. (Ephesians 2:14)
“For He is our peace, Who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition, …”
 

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!

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Please Note: Nothing on this website should be taken as anti-Church. I am not anti-anything or anyone. I am only pro-Torah and pro-Truth. Sometimes the Truth upsets our long-held beliefs. Why isn’t my theology consistent throughout this website?

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Developing a
Systematic Messianic Theology

“The purpose of careful theological formulations is not to put barriers in the way of people who are seeking salvation, but to define clearly the truths upon which genuine [Biblical] faith rests, so that people will not be misled by false doctrines.” [Robert M. Bowman, Jr. Why You Should Believe in the Trinity: An Answer to Jehovah's Witnesses. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1989, p. 18.]
 

A List of the 613 Mitzvot (Commandments)
With introductory comments, Scripture references, and some comments

Intent of This Page

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. … The Word became a human being and lived with us, and we saw his Sh'khinah, the Sh'khinah of the Father's only Son, full of grace and truth. (John 1:1,14 CJB)

By the Word of ADONAI the heavens were made, and their whole host by a breath from his mouth. (Psalm 33:6, CJB)

What the Church calls “the Law,” Judaism calls “Torah.” Technically, “Torah” consists of the first five books of the Bible that were written in the Wilderness by Moshe (Moses). The Greek term for this collection of books generally used by Gentile Christians is “Pentateuch” (literally “five books”). As the “constitution” of ancient Israel, Torah contains laws, but more than a list of rules and regulations, Torah reveals God’s heart to humankind. As God’s ketubah (marriage contract) with Israel, Torah reveals those things that please Him, those things that displease Him, those things that break His heart.

The Summary of Torah

The term “Law,” especially in the legal sense, is an inaccurate translation of the word “Torah.” The correct understanding of “Torah” is “divine instruction” or “divine revelation” — this is how “Torah” is understood in Judaism.

In Proverbs 8:22, personified wisdom declares that she was created at the very beginning of God’s dominion, even before the watery abyss whose preexistence is taken for granted in Genesis 1:2. Moreover, personified wisdom declares (Proverbs 8:22‑31) that, at the time of the creation of the cosmos, she accompanied God as a confidant. Already in Psalm 119 this personified wisdom of Proverbs is identified with Torah, the same Torah that, in Psalm 119, as already in Deuteronomy 17 and Nehemiah 9, comprises a God‑given book of instructions concerning human behavior.

Simple logic suggests that if wisdom is Torah and wisdom is God’s companion at creation, then it was the Torah that accompanied God at Creation. It is a short step from this logical inference to the idea, first attested in the writings of the first-century C.E. Alexandrian Jewish philosopher Philo, later in Genesis Rabbah 1:1 [a work of Midrash, biblical interpretation], and still later among medieval kabbalists, that the Torah was the blueprint used by God in creating the cosmos. [“Hebrew’s Theological Significance,” MyJewishLearning.com, accessed August 18, 2019.] 

Following that same line of reasoning just a step or two further, if Torah is God’s companion at creation, and “the Word” is God’s companion at creation (John 1:1), then Torah is “the Word.” If Torah is “the Word” and “the Word became flesh” (John 1:14), then Torah became flesh in the Person of Yeshua of Nazareth. If Yeshua is God (John 1:1,14), then Torah is the very representation of His character. Since Yeshua plainly said, “I and the Father are one,” (John 10:30) then Torah is a revelation of the very character of God.

Thus, Torah is a revelation of the character of God as well as an insight into what is to come. Torah is God’s instruction on how a righteous people — those who place their trust in Him, whether Jew or Gentile — are to live, so that “all will be well with them” (Deuteronomy 4:40). Verses such as Exodus 12:48-49, Leviticus 24:22, and Isaiah 56, clearly show that Torah was not strictly for the Hebrews, but also for those Gentiles who wanted to be part of God’s people. Although God chose to present His revelation through the Jewish people, it was not to be solely “their religion.” They were to be a “light to the world,” and bring this revelation to the Gentiles, as Yeshua reminded them in His sermon of Matthew 5.

Though the “Torah proper” is the five books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy), the term “Torah” can also include the rest of the Tenakh (commonly and erroneously called the “Old Testament”) and the books of the Apostolic Writings (the so-called “New Testament”), in that they are God’s continued revelation/instruction. None of God’s later revelation in the rest of the Tenakh (the Prophets & Writings) contradicts the Torah, and none of the Apostolic Writings contradicts the Torah, Prophets, or Writings. God is echad (one), and His Word is echad.

Obedience to Torah, however, out of any sense of obligation is legalism. Legalism isn’t what we do, it’s why we do what we do. My intent in providing this list of mitzvot is not to provide the Believer with a list of things to do and not to do. If you are a Believer in Israel’s Messiah, you are living under the New Covenant, and Ruach HaKodesh [Holy Spirit] has already written His mitzvot [commands] on your heart (Jeremiah 31:31-33), and you don’t need a list — you already know in your heart what is written in this list.

This list is primarily for those who are in “the Church” — who are not living under the New Covenant and who are not a part of the Commonwealth of Israel or the Kindgom of God — who have been told that the Torah has been abolished or that it is far too difficult to be of any practical use. [The New Covenant, by the way, is not for “the Church; God made the New Covenant only with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah (Jer. 31:31). If you want to be a partaker in the New Covenant, you must be a citizen of the Commonwealth of Israel.]

If you are in the Church, you have probably been taught that Torah was God’s Law for Israel and those in the Church have been “set free” from it. While it is true that the Torah was the “Constitution” for ancient Israel (and will be the Constitution for the whole world when Messiah reigns from Jerusalem), and that it does contain some law, Torah is better understood as “Divine Instruction.” It is a handbook of policies and procedures for the benefit and welfare of those whom God loves. It is the Manufacturer’s Manual for Humanity.

Years ago, a very wise rabbi explained “walking Torah” something like this:

Walking Torah is like walking along a path in a beautiful forest. As you walk, you notice beautiful stones in the path. Some are laying on top of the ground; some are partially buried in the earth; some are buried so deep that it takes effort to dig them out. As you walk, you see a stone that attracts you to its beauty, so you reach down and pick it up. You examine it and put it in your pocket to take with you. Some become too heavy or cumbersome. Those you set back down on the path. But some you will carry with you forever. Each mitzvah [command] is like one of those those stones. If you see one that is attractive to you, pick it up and try it. If it becomes cumbersome, set it down.[1]

It is also extremely important to understand that not all mitzvot apply to everyone. About half the mitzvot apply only within Eretz Yisrael (the Land of Israel) under a theocratic government with the Temple and Levitical Priesthood in operation. Many mitzvot apply only to the Temple and the Priesthood, and therefore depend on the presence of a Temple and an active Levitical Priesthood. Some apply only to men; some only to women. Some apply only to farmers; some only to herdsmen; some only to merchants. Some apply only to masters (employers); some only to servants (employees). Some apply to all people everywhere. We are obliged to observe only those mitzvot which actually apply to us.

I encourage you to go through this list and identify those mitzvot that actually apply to you. Of those few, try to determine which of them you feel that God would not want you to observe. If you truly feel they are too difficult or inappropriate for you, then by all means do not attempt to observe them. Set them down.

My prayer for you is that as you walk ever closer to HaShem, you would fall so madly in love with Him that you would seek every possible opportunity to find mitzvot that you get to observe in His honor.

Also please note that I believe that everyone should obey what the Torah actually says, not necessarily the Sages’ interpretation of what the Torah says. The two are not always the same. 

There is only one “standard of righteousness” by which all mankind will be judged [“You are to apply the same standard of judgment to the foreigner as to the citizen, because I am ADONAI your God.” (Leviticus 24:22)], and that is the Torah of God as recorded in the entire body of Scripture (Torah, Nevi'im, K'tuvim, and Apostolic Writings). Therefore, the entire body of mitzvot (commandments) contained in the Torah (the Books of Moses) is binding upon all who claim a covenant relationship with the God of Avraham, Yitzhak, and Ya'akov.

From him who has been given much, much will be demanded; from someone to whom people entrust much, they ask still more. (Luke 12:48)

But someone will say that you have faith and I have actions. Show me this faith of yours without the actions, and I will show you my faith by my actions! (James 2:18) [“actions” = mitzvot = obedience to the commandments of Torah]

So whoever disobeys the least of these mitzvot and teaches others to do so will be called the least in the Kingdom of Heaven. But whoever obeys them and so teaches will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven. (Matthew 5:19)

To those who claim that Torah applies only to the sons of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Ya'akov, I would say that you do not understand the book of Exodus. The Torah says that a great multitude of Egyptians — “an ethnically diverse crowd” (Exodus 12:38, HCSB) or “mixed multitude” (NAS) — accompanied the Israelites when they left Egypt. Targum Yonatan says that 2,400,000 Egyptians went out with the Children of Israel. This same “ethnically diverse crowd” of Gentiles accepted the Torah at Sinai along with the children of Israel! [See also Exodus 12:48-49, Leviticus 24:22, and Isaiah 56, as discussed above.]

Moshe came, summoned the leaders of the people and presented them with all these words which ADONAI had ordered him to say. All the people (including the “ethnically diverse crowd”) answered as one, “Everything ADONAI has said, we will do.” (Exodus 19:7-8, Exodus 24:3, Exodus 24:7)

Thus we can see that the “ethnically diverse crowd” was an integral part of the Commonwealth of Israel, and was expected to participate in the whole Torah. 

Yeshua HaMashiach is God Who walked in Eden in the cool of the evening with our first parents, Who appeared in bodily form to the Patriarchs at various times and places, and Who verbally delivered the Torah to Moshe and literally inscribed the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) with His own finger in the tablets of stone that Moshe brought down off the mountain. When He said, “If you love Me you will keep My mitzvot” (John 14:15), He was referring to the Torah He that gave to Moshe. Yeshua faithfully kept all the commandments that applied to Him, and if we love Him, we will want to walk as He walked. (See also “Why Should I Obey Torah?”)

“If you love me, you will keep my commands.” (John 14:15)

“If you keep my commands, you will stay in my love, just as I have kept my Father's commands and stay in his love. ” (John 15:10 NAS)


The Talmud tells us (Tractate Makkot 23b) that there are 613 commandments (mitzvot) in the Torah; 248 Positive Commandments (do’s) and 365 Negative Commandments (do not’s). However, the Talmud does not provide us with a list of these commandments.

Several great Jewish scholars have compiled a complete listing of these mitzvahs. Although they all agree on the vast majority of the commandments, they do disagree concerning a number of them. The arguments are for scholastic purposes only, for they do not disagree over any actual commandment whether it is mandatory or forbidden—they only disagree whether certain commandments are independent commandments, or perhaps they are part of another commandment and are not counted on their own. [“The 613 Commandments (Mitzvot),” Chabad.org accessed August 18, 2019]


How many commandments apply today? Of the 613 commandments, 202 require the Temple and priesthood to be in place and active, so they will not be in effect until Mashiach rebuilds the Temple and restores the priesthood. Of the remaining 411 that do not require the Temple, 26 apply only within the nation of Israel and 99 require special circumstances (e.g., “don’t be late in fulfilling a vow” applies only if you make a vow; likewise, parapet around roof, paying laborer on time, etc.) So the actual list of mitzvot that apply to most people is narrowed down to something in the neighborhood of 220 or so. Your state probably has more traffic laws than that, and certainly has more penal laws! In fact, your city probably has more local ordinances than that.


The 613 Mitzvot

248 Positive Commandments 365 Negative Commandments

248 Positive Commandments

(Hover over the Scripture reference to read the passage.)

The Worship of ADONAI
  1. Believe in ADONAI as the Only Source of Power in the Universe. (Exodus 20:2-3)
  2. Submit to ADONAI as the Supreme Head, to be in unity with ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 6:4)[2]
  3. Love ADONAI with all your heart, soul, and might. (Deuteronomy 6:5)
  4. Reverence ADONAI by Keeping His Laws. (Deuteronomy 6:12-13,25)
  5. Serve ADONAI. (Exodus 23:25)
  6. Hold fast to ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 10:20)[6]
  7. Taking an oath by ADONAI's Name. (Deuteronomy 6:13)
  8. Walk in ADONAI's ways. (Deuteronomy 28:9)
  9. Sanctify ADONAI's Name. (Leviticus 22:32)
  10. Read (study and meditate on) Torah. (Deuteronomy 6:6-7)
  11. Teach Torah to our children. (Deuteronomy 6:6-7)
  12. Bind Torah upon our hands. (Deuteronomy 6:8)
  13. Bind (write) the Law upon our minds. (Deuteronomy 6:8)
  14. Make tzitzit on the corners of the tallits. (Numbers 15:38-40)
  15. “Publish” ADONAI's Torah. (Deuteronomy 6:9
  16. Gather for the reading of the Torah every seventh year. (Deuteronomy 31:10-13)
  17. A king must copy his own Torah scroll, read it daily, and obey it. (Deuteronomy 17:18-20)
  18. Learn the “song of Moses.” (Deuteronomy 31:19)
  19. Praise ADONAI for Eretz Yisrael. (Deuteronomy 8:8-10)
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The Temple and the Priests
[Requires an active Temple and Priesthood]
  1. Build the Holy sanctuary of ADONAI. (Exodus 25:8-9)
  2. Reverence the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Leviticus 19:30)
  3. Guard the sanctuary of ADONAI at all times. (Numbers 18:2-4)
  4. The priests and Levites shall do their appointed work in the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Numbers 18:6-7,23)
  5. The priests must wash their hands and feet. (Exodus 30:17-21)
  6. The priests must keep the menorah burning perpetually. (Exodus 27:20-21)
  7. The priests must bless the people with the Name of ADONAI. (Numbers 6:23-27)
  8. The priests must set the showbread before the ark. (Exodus 25:30)
  9. The priests must burn the incense on the golden altar in the morning and at dusk. (Exodus 30:7-8)
  10. The priests must keep the fire burning on the altar continuously. (Leviticus 6:12-13)
  11. The priests must remove the ashes from the altar daily. (Leviticus 6:10-11)
  12. The priests must keep the ritually unclean out of the inner court of the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Numbers 5:2-3)
  13. The priests must be regarded as holy. (Leviticus 21:8)
  14. The priests must dress in special priestly garments. (Exodus 28:2-43)
  15. The priests must bear the responsibility for the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Numbers 18:1,5)
  16. The priests must prepare the holy anointing oil according to its formula. (Exodus 30:23-33)
  17. The priests must perform their services at the sanctuary of ADONAI at the appointed time. (Deuteronomy 18:6-8)
  18. The priests may become ritually unclean due to certain close relatives. (Leviticus 21:1-4)
  19. The High Priest may marry only a virgin. (Leviticus 21:13-14)
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Sacrifices
  1. The continual burnt offering (Tamid sacrifice) must be offered twice daily. (Numbers 28:2-6)
  2. The grain and drink offering must be offered twice daily. (Numbers 28:2-8)
  3. An additional sacrifice must be offered every Sabbath. (Numbers 28:9-10)
  4. An additional sacrifice must be offered on The New Moon. (Numbers 28:11-15)
  5. An additional sacrifice must be offered every day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover). (Numbers 28:18-24)
  6. The Omer offering of the first barley must also be brought on the first day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) and must be waved by the priests on the second day of the Feast. (Leviticus 23:10-14)
  7. An additional offering must be offered at The Feast of Weeks (Pentecost). (Numbers 28:26-30)
  8. Two wave loaves of bread baked with salt must be offered on The Feast of Weeks (Pentecost). (Leviticus 23:17)
  9. An additional sacrifice must be offered on The Feast of Trumpets. (Numbers 29:1-6)
  10. An additional sacrifice must be offered on the Day of Atonement. (Numbers 29:7-8)
  11. The Atonement Service must be performed on the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 16:2-34)
  12. An additional sacrifice must be offered every day of The Feast of Tabernacles. (Numbers 29:12-34)
  13. An additional sacrifice must be offered on The Last Great Day. (Numbers 29:35-40)
  14. Three times a year keep a Feast to ADONAI: at The Feast of Unleavened Bread, at The Feast of Weeks (Pentecost), and at The Feast of Tabernacles. (Exodus 23:14-17)
  15. The Feasts of ADONAI must be kept only at the Place ADONAI chooses, at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 12:5-7, 14)
  16. Every household must appear before ADONAI and rejoice at the Feasts. (Deuteronomy 16:14)
  17. The Passover Lamb must be killed on the fourteenth day of Abib between the two evenings. (Numbers 28:16)
  18. The Passover Lamb must be eaten on the night of the fifteenth of Abib.(Exodus 12:8-11)
  19. Those who are unclean from a dead body or away on a journey (stranded, detained, or imprisoned) must kill the Passover Lamb in the Second Moon. (Numbers 9:10-11)
  20. The Passover in the Second Moon must be held according to all its ordinances. (Numbers 9:11-12)
  21. The silver trumpets must be sounded at Feast times, New Moons, and also in times of tribulation, to call the congregation together. (Numbers 10:2, 9-10)
  22. All animals to be sacrificed must be at least eight days old. (Leviticus 22:27)
  23. All animals to be sacrificed must be without blemish. (Leviticus 22:21)
  24. All offerings must be salted. (Leviticus 2:13)
  25. The Law of the burnt offering. (Leviticus 1:2-17)
  26. The Law of the sin offering. (Leviticus 6:25-30)
  27. The Law of the trespass offering. (Leviticus 7:1-2, 7)
  28. The Law of the peace offering. (Leviticus 3:1-17)
  29. The Law of the grain offering. (Leviticus 2:1-16)
  30. If the congregation sins ignorantly, a sin offering must be brought. (Leviticus 4:13-21)
  31. If a person sins ignorantly, a sin offering must be brought when he learns of his sin. (Leviticus 4:27-35)
  32. If a person is in doubt as to whether he has sinned in regard to any of the holy things, a suspensive guilt offering must be brought. (Leviticus 5:15-19)
  33. A sin offering must be brought for stealing, swearing falsely, and sins of a like nature. (Leviticus 6:1-7)
  34. The sin offering must be according to one's means. (Leviticus 5:7-13)
  35. We must confess our sins to ADONAI, repent for them, and be converted to the keeping of ADONAI's Laws. (Numbers 5:6-7)
  36. A man who has an abnormal discharge (zab) must bring a sacrifice. (Leviticus 15:13-15)
  37. A woman who has an abnormal discharge (zabah) must bring a sacrifice. (Leviticus 15:28-30)
  38. A woman must bring a sacrifice after childbirth. (Leviticus 12:6-8)
  39. A leper must bring a sacrifice after he has been cleansed. (Leviticus 14:1-32)
  40. The First Tithe is holy, and belongs to ADONAI. (Leviticus 27:30-33)
  41. The firstborn of clean animals are holy and belong to ADONAI. (Exodus 13:2)
  42. The firstborn sons belong to ADONAI, but may be redeemed. (Exodus 34:19-20)
  43. The firstling of a donkey must be redeemed. (Exodus 34:20)
  44. If the firstling of a donkey is not redeemed, its neck must be broken. (Exodus 13:13)
  45. All tithes and offerings must be brought to the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 12:5-6)
  46. The sanctuary of ADONAI is the only place ADONAI has chosen to receive tithes, sacrifices, and offerings. (Deuteronomy 12:13-14, 26)
  47. The blood of the sacrifices must be poured out on the altar of ADONAI for our atonement. (Deuteronomy 12:27)
  48. Sanctified animals which have become blemished must be redeemed. (Deuteronomy 15:19-22)
  49. Any animal exchanged for an offering is also holy. (Leviticus 27:10, 33)
  50. The priests are to eat the meat of the consecrated offerings. (Exodus 29:33)
  51. The priests are to eat the remainder of the grain offering. (Leviticus 10:12-13)
  52. Consecrated meat of an offering which becomes ritually unclean must be burned. (Leviticus 7:19)
  53. Consecrated meat of an offering not eaten within its appointed time must be burned. (Leviticus 7:17)
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Vows
  1. A Nazirite must let his hair grow during the period of separation. (Numbers 6:5)
  2. A Nazirite must shave his head and bring the sacrifice when the period of separation is over. (Numbers 6:13-18)
  3. Vows and oaths to ADONAI must be kept. (Deuteronomy 23:21-23)
  4. The Law of binding and loosing a vow. (Numbers 30:2-16)
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Ritual Purity
  1. Anyone who touches or eats the carcass of an unclean animal becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 11)
  2. Anyone who touches or eats the carcass of a clean animal that dies of itself, or is torn by wild animals, becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 11:29-31)
  3. Any article that has come in contact with a ritually unclean object becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 11:31-38)
  4. Menstruous women are ritually unclean. (Leviticus 15:19-24)
  5.  Women after childbirth are ritually unclean. (Leviticus 12:2)
  6.  Anyone with a spreading skin disease is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 13:2-46)
  7.  Any clothing contaminated with a spreading disease is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 13:47-59)
  8.  A house contaminated by a spreading disease is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 14:34-57)
  9.  A man having an abnormal discharge (zab) is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 15:2-15)
  10.  Anyone or anything coming into contact with semen becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 15:16-18)
  11.  A woman with an abnormal discharge (zabah) is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 15:19, 25-28)
  12.  A human corpse and anyone who comes near it is ritually unclean. (Numbers 19:11-16)
  13.  The purification water purifies the ritually unclean. (Numbers 19:2-22)
  14.  Those ritually unclean must purify at the appointed time by laundering their clothes and immersing in water. (Leviticus 15:27)
  15.  Those ritually unclean of a spreading skin disease must follow the specified purification procedure. (Leviticus 14:2-32)
  16.  Those unclean of a spreading skin disease must shave off all their hair. (Leviticus 14:9)
  17.  Those unclean of a spreading skin disease must be easily distinguishable. (Leviticus 13:45)
  18.  The ashes of the red heifer are to be used in ritual purification. (Numbers 19:2-9)
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Tithes and Offerings
  1.  The priest must set the value of a person dedicated to ADONAI. (Leviticus 27:2-8, 25)
  2.  The priest must set the value of an animal dedicated to ADONAI. (Leviticus 27:9-13, 27)
  3.  The priest must set the value of a house dedicated to ADONAI. (Leviticus 27:14-15)
  4.  The priest must set the value of a field dedicated to ADONAI. (Leviticus 27:16-24)
  5.  If one sins ignorantly regarding the Holy Offerings, full restitution must be made, adding a fifth of the value to it. (Leviticus 22:14-16)
  6.  The fruit of the fourth years growth is holy, and must be given to the priest. (Leviticus 19:23-25)
  7.  The corners of a field that is reaped must be left for the poor. (Leviticus 19:9)
  8.  The gleanings of a field that is reaped must be left for the poor (Leviticus 19:9)
  9.  The forgotten sheaves of a field that is reaped must be left for the poor. (Deuteronomy 24:19)
  10.  Any remaining olives or grapes must be left for the poor. (Deuteronomy 24:20-21)
  11.  Any fallen grapes must be left for the poor. (Leviticus 19:10)
  12.  The first fruits of all our labor must be separated and brought to the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Exodus 23:19)
  13.  All Holy Offerings must be given to the priests at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Numbers 18:8-14, 21)
  14.  The First Tithe (the first tenth) of all our increase must be given to the Levites for their work in the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Numbers 18:21-26)
  15.  The Second Tithe must be set aside for the Feasts of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 14:23-26)
  16.  The priests and Levites must also tithe to the Work of ADONAI. (Numbers 18:24-32)
  17.  The Third Tithe must be set aside for the poor in the third and sixth years of the seven year cycle. (Deuteronomy 14:28-29)
  18.  Tithes and Offerings must be presented to ADONAI with prayer. (Deuteronomy 26:12-19)
  19.  Each household is to bring or send their tithes and offerings before ADONAI to the sanctuary of ADONAI (no Christian collection plate). (Deuteronomy 26:2-4, 10)
  20.  The first portion of the grain offering must be given to the priest at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Numbers 15:18-21)
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The Sabbatical Year
  1.  Every seventh year is a Sabbath of Rest for the land and the fields must lie fallow and the ground must not be tilled. (Leviticus 25:2-7, 20-22)
  2.  In the seventh year everything that grows is to be eaten by all. (Leviticus 25:2-7,20-22)
  3.  You must consecrate and proclaim the Jubilee year. (Leviticus 25:10-12)
  4.  On the Day of Atonement in the Jubilee year, the shofar must be sounded and all Hebrew slaves set free. (Leviticus 25:9-10, 13)
  5.  In the Jubilee year all the land is to be returned to its appointed owners. (Leviticus 25:23-28)
  6.  In a walled city the seller has a right to buy back a house within a year of the sale. (Leviticus 25:29-30)
  7.  The years until the Jubilee must be counted. (Leviticus 25:8)
  8.  The seventh year is the Year of Release. (Deuteronomy 15:3)
  9.  In the seventh year a foreigner may be pressed for payment of a debt. (Deuteronomy 15:3)
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Clean Animals Fit for Consumption and of Offerings
  1.  The priests must receive their share of all dean animals that are slaughtered. (Deuteronomy 18:3)
  2.  The priests must receive the first fleece from the shearing of sheep. (Deuteronomy 18:4)
  3.  Anything devoted to ADONAI becomes Most Holy to ADONAI and becomes the property of the sanctuary of ADONAI and the priests. (Leviticus 27:28)
  4.  To be fit for consumption, clean animals must be slaughtered. (Do not eat what dies of itself or is killed by wild beasts.) (Deuteronomy 12:21)[146]
  5.  The blood of slaughtered clean animals must be poured on the ground and covered with earth. (Leviticus 17:10-16)
  6.  Set the mother bird free when taking the nest or the young. (Deuteronomy 22:6-7)
  7.  Examine the meat of animals to make sure it is permitted for consumption. (Leviticus 11:2-8)
  8.  Examine fowl to make sure they are permitted for consumption. (Deuteronomy 14:11-19)
  9.  Examine locusts to make sure they are permitted for consumption. (Leviticus 11:20-23)
  10.  Examine fish to make sure they are permitted for consumption. (Leviticus 11:9-12)
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The Feasts and Sabbaths
  1.  The New Moons are to be observed to set ADONAI's Feasts. (Exodus 12:2) (Deuteronomy 16:1)
  2.  The seventh day of every week is ADONAI's Sabbath of rest, and a Holy Convocation. (Exodus 23:12, 16:23)
  3.  Keep the Sabbath Day holy by making preparation in advance. (Exodus 20:8-11)
  4.  Remove all leaven from all your property by the fifteenth of Abib. (Exodus 12:15)
  5.  On the fifteenth day of Abib we must teach our children the story of The Exodus from Egypt. (Exodus 13:8)
  6.  We must eat unleavened bread from the fifteenth through the twenty-first of Abib. (Exodus 12:18)
  7.  The first day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. Cooking may be done on a Feast Day Sabbath, but not on the weekly Sabbath. (Exodus 12:16)
  8.  The seventh day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Exodus 12:16)
  9.  We must count fifty days-from the day after the First Holy Day Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (The Count of Omer) to The Feast of Weeks. (Leviticus 23:15-16)
  10.  The Feast of Weeks (Pentecost) is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:21)
  11.  The Feast of Trumpets is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:24)[163]
  12.  The Day of Atonement is a day of complete fasting. (Leviticus 16:29-31)
  13.  The Day of Atonement is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:27-32)
  14.  The First Day of the Feast of Tabernacles is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:34-35)
  15.  The Last Great Day is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:36)
  16.  Dwell in booths (succahs-temporary dwellings) during The Feast of Tabernacles. (Leviticus 23:42)
  17.  A Succah must be built before The Feast of Tabernacles. (Leviticus 23:40)
  18.  Sound the shofar on The Feast of Trumpets. (Numbers 29:1)
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Duty of the Community,
Authority of ADONAI’s Laws,
ADONAI's Anointed
  1.  Every male 20 years old and above must give half a shekel to the sanctuary of ADONAI annually. (Exodus 30:12-16)
  2.  Listen to and obey ADONAI's Anointed Servant, the Overseer of the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 18:15-19)
  3.  The king that ADONAI chooses must be appointed. (Deuteronomy 17:15)
  4.  Listen to and obey ADONAI's anointed priests (The Body of Elders of the sanctuary of ADONAI under the direction of the Overseer of the sanctuary of ADONAI). (Deuteronomy 17:8-13)
  5.  When we give testimony in a lawsuit, we must speak the truth. (Exodus 23:2)
  6.  Elders and office holders must be chosen by ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 16:18)
  7.  The Elders of The sanctuary of ADONAI, chosen by ADONAI, must judge the people impartially according to ADONAI's Laws. (Leviticus 19:15)
  8.  Whoever is aware of evidence in a case must speak up and testify. (Leviticus 5:1)
  9.  The testimony of witnesses shall be examined thoroughly by the Elders. (Deuteronomy 13:14)
  10.  False witnesses shall be judged according to the Law. (Deuteronomy 19:19)
  11.  When a person is found murdered and the murderer is unknown, the prescribed ritual must be performed. (Deuteronomy 21:19)
  12.  Six cities of refuge in the land of Israel must be established. (Numbers 35:6-15)
  13.  The priests and Levites must be given cities to live in. (Numbers 35:2-5)
  14.  Build a guard rail around a roof (if it is flat and used as living space), and remove potential hazards from the home. (Deuteronomy 22:8)
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Idolatry and Related Practices
  1.  The practice of idolatry (the worship of false gods) must be destroyed. (Deuteronomy 12:2-4)
  2.  A city which turns to idolatry (the worship of false gods) must be treated according to the Law. (Deuteronomy 13:12-18)
  3.  The idolatrous nations (nations who worship false gods) will be destroyed. (Deuteronomy 20:17)
  4.  We must blot out the remembrance of idolaters (those who worship false gods). (Deuteronomy 25:19)
  5.  Remember what the idolaters (those who worship false gods) did to Israel. (Deuteronomy 25:1-18)
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Times of Tribulation and Persecution
  1.  Our conduct must be according to ADONAI's Law during times of persecution. (Deuteronomy 20:11-12)
  2.  The priests must address the congregation in times of tribulation. (Deuteronomy 20:2-4)
  3.  The camp of ADONAI must be kept in a sanitary condition. (Deuteronomy 23:9)
  4.  The camp of ADONAI must be equipped with the necessary implements to keep it in a sanitary condition, and each must do his part. (Deuteronomy 23:12-14)
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Our Duties to Our Fellow Man
  1.  Stolen property must be returned to the owner. (Leviticus 6:2-5)
  2.  The poor must be taken care of according to ADONAI's Laws. (Deuteronomy 15:8, 11)
  3.  When a Hebrew slave goes free, the owner must give him gifts. (Deuteronomy 15:12-14, 18)
  4.  Loans to brothers must be without interest. (Exodus 22:25)
  5.  Loans to the foreigner may be with interest. (Deuteronomy 23:21)
  6.  Restore a pledge for a loan to its owner if he needs it. (Deuteronomy 24:12-13)
  7.  Pay the hired worker his wages on time. (Deuteronomy 24:15)
  8.  Permit the poor to eat of the produce of the vineyard or the standing grain. (Deuteronomy 23:24-25)
  9.  Help a stranger who has a fallen animal. (Exodus 23:5)
  10.  Help your brother who has a fallen animal. (Deuteronomy 22:4)
  11.  Lost property must be restored to its owner. (Exodus 23:4; Deuteronomy 22:1)
  12.  Those who sin must be corrected. (Leviticus 19:17)
  13.  Love your neighbor, whether a brother or an enemy, as yourself. (Leviticus 19:18)
  14.  Love the stranger and the new convert among you. (Deuteronomy 10:19)
  15.  Use only honest weights and measures. (Leviticus 19:36)
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Family
  1.  Show honor and respect for ADONAI's appointed teachers. (Leviticus 19:32)
  2.  Show honor and respect to parents. (Exodus 20:12)
  3.  Become Holy as ADONAI is Holy. (Leviticus 19:2)
  4.  Bring forth the Holy Seed, the 144,000 Holy Priesthood promised to Abraham. (Genesis 1:28)
  5.  Marriage must be according to ADONAI's laws. (Deuteronomy 24:1)
  6.  A bridegroom is to rejoice with his bride. (Deuteronomy 24:5)
  7.  All males must be circumcised, newborn males on the eighth day. (Genesis 17:10-12, 14)
  8.  Should a man die childless, his brother must either marry the widow. (Deuteronomy 25:5-6)
  9.  He may release his brother's widow. (Deuteronomy 25:7-10)
  10.  A man who violates a virgin must pay the bride price, marry her if her father permits, and may never divorce her. (Deuteronomy 22:29)
  11.  The Elders must judge in a case of premarital promiscuity. (Deuteronomy 22:13-15)
  12.  A woman's father may utterly refuse to give his daughter to a man even though he pays the bride price. (Exodus 22:16-17)
  13.  The female captive must be treated in accordance with special regulations concerning repentance and conversion. (Deuteronomy 21:11-14)
  14.  Divorce can only be for the cause of premarital fornication by the bride. (Deuteronomy 24:1-4)
  15.  A woman suspected of adultery must submit to the required test. (Numbers 5:12-15)
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Judgments
  1.  When required by Law, the judges must administer the appropriate punishment. (Deuteronomy 25:2-3)
  2.  The Law concerning unintentional homicide. (Numbers 35:22-29)
  3.  The Law concerning murder. (Deuteronomy 19:11-13)
  4.  There is one Law for all-for the Israelite and for the stranger. (Numbers 15:15-16)
  5.  One who sins (breaks any of ADONAI's Laws) whether intentionally or unintentionally is guilty. (Leviticus 5:17; Numbers 15:30)
  6.  The penalty for sin, which is the breaking (transgression) of ADONAI's laws, is death. (Numbers 15:30-31)
  7.  Atonement can be made through the Righteous High Priest for those who truly repent of sin and turn in complete obedience to ADONAI's Laws. (Leviticus 16:16, 32-34)
  8.  The body of one who is executed must be buried the same day. (Deuteronomy 21:23)
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Servants (Employees?)
  1.  Hebrew slaves must be treated according to the special Laws for them. (Exodus 21:2-6)
  2.  The owner or his son may marry his Hebrew maidservant. (Exodus 21:8-9)
  3.  If the owner or his son does not marry his Hebrew maidservant, he must allow her father to redeem her. (Exodus 21:8)
  4.  The regulation of the foreign slaves. (Leviticus 25:44-46)
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Lawsuits
  1.  Judgment must be rendered in the case of injury caused by a person. (Exodus 21:18-25)
  2.  Judgment must be rendered in the case of injury cause by an animal. (Exodus 21: 28-32)
  3.  Judgment must be rendered in the case of injury caused to an animal. (Exodus 21:33-36)
  4.  A thief must make full restitution or else be sold for his theft. (Exodus 22:1-4)
  5.  Judgment must be rendered in cases of property damage caused by animals. (Exodus 22:5)
  6.  Judgment must be rendered in cases of fire damage. (Exodus 22:6)
  7.  Judgment must be rendered in cases involving items held for safe-keeping. (Exodus 22:7-8)
  8.  Judgment must be rendered in cases involving animals held for safe-keeping. (Exodus 22:10-13)
  9.  Judgment must be rendered in cases of claims against a borrower. (Exodus 22:14-15)
  10.  Judgment must be rendered in disputes arising out of sales. (Leviticus 25:14-17)
  11.  Judgment must be rendered in disputes over possession of property. (Exodus 22:9)
  12.  Monetary restitution must be paid in cases involving bodily damage. (Deuteronomy 25:11-12) (Exodus 21:18-25)
  13.  Judgment must be rendered in disputes arising out of inheritance. (Numbers 27:8-11) (Deuteronomy 21:15-17)

365 Negative Commandments

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False Gods and Related Practices
  1.  Do not trust in any power but ADONAI. (Exodus 20:3)
  2.  Do not make images of the gods (false gods) to be worshiped (Exodus 20:4)
  3.  Do not take on the character of the gods (the false gods). (Leviticus 19:4)
  4.  Do not make gods (false gods) out of anything. (Exodus 20:23)
  5.  Do not bow down to any false god. (Exodus 20:5)
  6.  Do not worship, serve, obey nor follow the ways (laws) of the false gods. (Deuteronomy 4:15-19)
  7.  Do not sacrifice children to any false god. (Leviticus 18:21)
  8.  Do not seek after mediums. (Leviticus 19:31)
  9.  Do not seek after familiar spirits. (Leviticus 19:31)
  10.  Do not seek to learn the ways of the false gods in order to follow them. (Deuteronomy 12:30)
  11.  Do not use a sacred pillar or pole for the worship of ADONAI, do not set the Feasts by it. (Deuteronomy 16:21-22)
  12.  Do not make false gods out of carved stone. (Leviticus 26:1)
  13.  Do not worship Asherah, the Queen of Heaven. (Deuteronomy 16:21)
  14.  Do not vow or worship in the name of a false god. (Exodus 23:13)
  15.  Do not teach or entice any community to worship false gods. (Deuteronomy 13:12-14)
  16.  Do not teach or entice any individual to worship false gods. (Deuteronomy 13:6-8)
  17.  Do not listen to any one who teaches or practices idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 13:8)
  18.  Do not give in to anyone who teaches or practices idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 13:8)
  19.  Do not pity anyone who teaches idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 13:8)
  20.  Do not spare anyone who teaches idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 13:8)
  21.  Do not conceal the fact when someone tries to teach idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 13:8)
  22.  Do not lust after the wealth of the false gods. (Deuteronomy 7:25)
  23.  Do not rebuild that which has been devoted to idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 13:16)
  24.  Do not make use of property used for idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 13:17)
  25.  Do not bring idolatry (the worship of false gods) into the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 7:26)
  26.  Do not teach in the name of any false god. (Deuteronomy 18:20)
  27.  Do not teach or prophesy falsely in the Name of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 18:20)
  28.  Do not listen to one who teaches in the name of any false god. (Deuteronomy 13:3-4)
  29.  Do not reverence one who teaches in the name of any false god. (Deuteronomy 18:22)
  30.  Do not imitate the ways of idolaters (worshipers of false gods) or practice their customs. (Leviticus 20:23)
  31.  Do not practice foretelling the future by consulting the false gods. (Leviticus 19:26)
  32.  Do not practice astrology. (Leviticus 19:26)
  33.  Do not practice foretelling the future by interpreting omens. (Deuteronomy 18:10-11)
  34.  Do not practice sorcery. (Deuteronomy 18:10-11)
  35.  Do not practice magic. (Deuteronomy 18:10-11)
  36.  Do not practice witchcraft. (Deuteronomy 18:10-11)
  37.  Do not consult with demon spirits (false gods). (Deuteronomy 18:10-11)
  38.  Do not attempt to contact the dead; they know nothing. (Deuteronomy 18:10-11)
  39.  Women must not wear a man's Holy Garments. (Deuteronomy 22:5)
  40.  Men must not wear a woman's Holy Garments. (Deuteronomy 22:5)
  41.  Do not tattoo yourself. (Leviticus 19:28)
  42.  Do not wear Holy Garments made of both wool and linen. (Deuteronomy 22:11)
  43.  Do not shave the sides of your head in honor of the dead. (Leviticus 19:27)
  44.  Do not shave the sides of your beard in honor of the dead. (Leviticus 19:27)
  45.  Do not cut your bodies in honor of the dead. (Leviticus 19:28)
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Alliances With Idolatrous Nations
  1.  Do not return to the ways of idolatry (the worship of false gods) and sin. (Deuteronomy 17:16)
  2.  Do not follow teachings other than the Law of ADONAI taught by the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Numbers 15:39)
  3.  Do not make allies with idolatrous nations (nations who worship false gods). (Exodus 34:15)
  4.  Do not spare any of the idolatrous nations (nations who worship false gods). (Deuteronomy 20:16-18)
  5.  Do not show mercy to the idolatrous nations (nations who worship false gods). (Deuteronomy 7:2)
  6.  Do not permit idolaters (worshipers of false gods) who refuse to repent to remain in the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Exodus 23:32-33)
  7.  Do not make marriages with idolaters (worshipers of false gods). (Deuteronomy 7:3)
  8.  Do not allow a idolater (a worshiper of false gods) to join the sanctuary of ADONAI unless he repents. (Deuteronomy 23:3-4)
  9.  Do not abhor an Edomite who repents. (Deuteronomy 23:7)
  10.  Do not abhor an Egyptian who repents. (Deuteronomy 23:7)
  11.  Do not have fellowship with a idolater (a worshiper of false gods) who refuses to repent. (Deuteronomy 23:6)
  12.  Do not destroy fruit trees. (Deuteronomy 20:19)
  13.  Do not fear the adversaries of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 7:21)
  14.  Do not forget the evil done by the adversaries of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 25:19)
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Blasphemy
  1.  You must not blaspheme the Holy Name of ADONAI, professing to keep ADONAI's Laws yet practicing sin. (Leviticus 24:16)
  2.  Do not break an oath or vow made in the Name of ADONAI. (Leviticus 19:12)
  3.  Do not take ADONAI's Name and bring it to nothing by hiding ADONAI's Name. (Exodus 20:7)
  4.  Do not profane ADONAI's Name. (Leviticus 22:32)
  5.  Do not test ADONAI by doubting or rebelling. (Deuteronomy 6:16)
  6.  Do not worship ADONAI in the ways of idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 12:4)
  7.  Do not allow the body of one hanged to remain so overnight. (Deuteronomy 21:22-23)
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The Sanctuary of ADONAI
  1.  Do not neglect the duty of guarding the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Numbers 18:4-5)
  2.  The High Priest must not enter the Holy of Holies without the appropriate sacrifice. (Leviticus 16:2)
  3.  A priest with a defect or blemish must not enter the Holy of Holies at all. (Leviticus 21:21-23)
  4.  A priest with a defect or blemish must not come near to offer the food of ADONAI. (Leviticus 21:17)
  5.  A priest with a temporary blemish must not participate in the service there until it has healed. (Leviticus 21:18)
  6.  The priests must not exchange their duties with their assistants, the Levites. (Numbers 18:2-3)
  7.  The priests must not drink wine or strong drink before entering the inner court of the sanctuary of ADONAI to perform their duties or teach the Law. (Leviticus 10:9-11)
  8.  No one other than the priests may come near to minister to ADONAI. (Numbers 18:4, 22)
  9.  The priests must not serve in the inner court of the sanctuary of ADONAI while ritually unclean. (Leviticus 22:2-9)
  10.  The priests must not eat of the Holy Offerings while ritually unclean. (Leviticus 22:6-7)
  11.  Do not enter the inner court of the sanctuary of ADONAI while ritually unclean. (Numbers 5:3)
  12.  Do not fail to ritually purify by laundering and bathing at the appointed time after becoming ritually unclean. (Numbers 19:20; Leviticus 17:16)
  13.  Do not build an altar of cut stone. (Exodus 20:25)
  14.  The priests must not go up to the altar by steps. (Exodus 20:26)
  15.  The priests must not allow the fire on the altar to be extinguished. (Leviticus 6:13)
  16.  The priests must not burn any unauthorized incense on the golden altar. (Exodus 30:9)
  17.  Do not make oil according to the holy anointing oil for personal use. (Exodus 30:31-33)
  18.  The holy anointing oil must not be misused. (Exodus 30:32)
  19.  Do not make incense according to the formula of the holy incense for personal use. (Exodus 30:37)
  20.  Do not remove the poles from the Ark of the Covenant. (Exodus 25:15)
  21.  Do not remove the breastplate from the ephod. (Exodus 28:28)
  22.  Do not make the Holy Garments improperly, so that they tear. (Exodus 28:32)
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Sacrifices, Tithes, and Offerings
  1.  Do not offer sacrifices or Tithes and Offerings except to the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 12:13-14)
  2.  Do not offer consecrated animals except to the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Leviticus 17:3-7)
  3.  Do not sanctify a blemished animal as an Offering to ADONAI. (Leviticus 22:20, 22, 24)
  4.  Do not slaughter a blemished animal as an Offering to ADONAI. (Leviticus 22:22)
  5.  Do not sprinkle the blood of a blemished animal on the altar of ADONAI. (Leviticus 22:19-24)
  6.  Do not burn the sacrificial portions of a blemished animal. (Leviticus 22:22)
  7.  Do not offer an animal with even a temporary blemish. (Deuteronomy 17:1)
  8.  Do not accept a blemished offering from a Gentile. (Leviticus 22:25)
  9.  Do not inflict a blemish on an animal consecrated as an offering. (Leviticus 22:21)
  10.  Do not offer any leaven or honey on the altar. (Leviticus 2:11)
  11.  Do not offer a sacrifice without salt. (Leviticus 2:13)
  12.  Do not bring the financial gain from idolatry (the worship of false gods) into the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 23:18)
  13.  Do not kill an animal and its young on the same day. Leviticus 22:28)
  14.  Do not use olive oil in the Sin Offering of the poor man. (Leviticus 5:11)
  15.  Do not use frankincense in the Sin Offering of the poor man. (Leviticus 5:11)
  16.  Do not use olive oil in the grain Offering of jealousy. (Numbers 5:15)
  17.  Do not use frankincense in the grain Offering of jealousy. (Numbers 5:15)
  18.  Do not make substitutes for any vowed Offerings. (Leviticus 27:10)
  19.  Do not dedicate the firstborn of an animal since it already belongs to ADONAI and must be given to the priests. (Leviticus 27:26)
  20.  Do not redeem the firstborn of clean animals, since they belong to ADONAI and must be given to the priests. (Numbers 18:17-18)
  21.  Do not redeem the Tithes; they belong to ADONAI and must be given to the priests. (Leviticus 27:32-33)
  22.  Do not sell dedicated property, it belongs to ADONAI and must be given to the priests. (Leviticus 27:21, 28)
  23.  Do not redeem dedicated property after the specified time; it belongs to ADONAI and must be given to the priests. (Leviticus 27:28)
  24.  Do not sever the head of a bird offered as a Sin Offering. (Leviticus 5:7-8)
  25.  Do not work with a dedicated animal. (Deuteronomy 15:19)
  26.  Do not shear a dedicated animal. (Deuteronomy 15:19)
  27.  Do not offer the Passover Lamb with leaven. (Exodus 34:25)
  28.  Do not allow the sacrificial fat of the Passover Lamb to remain overnight. (Exodus 23:18)
  29.  Do not allow the meat of the Passover Lamb to remain overnight. (Exodus 12:10)
  30.  Do not leave any part of the additional Offering overnight. (Deuteronomy 16:4)
  31.  Do not allow any part of the second Passover Lamb to remain overnight. (Numbers 9:12)
  32.  Do not leave any part of the thanksgiving Offering until morning. (Leviticus 22:29-30)
  33.  Do not break any bones of the Passover Lamb. (Exodus 12:46)
  34.  Do not break any bones of the second Passover Lamb. (Numbers 9:12)
  35.  Do not remove the Passover Lamb from the sanctuary where it is eaten. (Exodus 12:46)
  36.  Do not bake the remainder of the grain Offering with leaven. (Leviticus 6:17)
  37.  Do not eat the Passover Lamb raw or boiled. (Exodus 12:9)
  38.  Do not allow the stranger or hired servant to eat of the Passover Lamb. (Exodus 12:45)
  39.  Do not allow any uncircumcised person to eat of the Passover Lamb. (Exodus 12:48)
  40.  Do not allow one that has fallen away (become a stranger) to eat of the Passover Lamb. (Exodus 12:43)
  41.  Do not eat of the Holy Offerings while ritually unclean. (Leviticus 22:2-6)
  42.  Do not eat any food which becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 7:19)
  43.  Do not eat of the sacrifices which remain after the third day, they must be burned. (Leviticus 19:6-8)
  44.  Sacrifices remaining past the third day will not be accepted by ADONAI. (Leviticus 7:16-18)
  45.  No one outside of the priest's family may eat of the Most Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:10-11)
  46.  No stranger or hired worker may eat of the Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:10)
  47.  No uncircumcised person may eat of the Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:10)
  48.  The priests must not eat of the Holy Offerings while ritually unclean. (Leviticus 22:2-9)
  49.  The daughter of a priest who is married to a non-priest must not eat of Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:12-13)
  50.  Do not eat the grain Offering which the priest himself offers. (Leviticus 6:20-23)
  51.  Do not eat of the sin Offering whose blood is sprinkled on the inner altar. (Leviticus 6:30)
  52.  Do not eat any abominable thing, whether unclean meat or blemished Offerings. (Deuteronomy 14:3)
  53.  Do not eat the second tithe of grain except at ADONAI's Feast at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 12:17-8)
  54.  Do not drink the second tithe of wine except at ADONAI's Feast at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 12:17-18)
  55.  Do not eat the second tithe of oil except at ADONAI's Feast at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 12:17-18)
  56.  Do not eat the feast sacrifices except at ADONAI's Feast at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 12:17-18)
  57.  The priests may not eat the Second Tithes except at ADONAI's Feast at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 12:17-18)
  58.  The priests must not eat the meat of the burnt Offering at all. (Leviticus 1:9)
  59.  The meat from any of the sacrifices must not be eaten before the blood has been sprinkled on the altar. (Deuteronomy 12:17)
  60.  The priests must not eat of the Holy Offerings except at a Holy Place (the sanctuary of ADONAI). (Leviticus 10:13-14)
  61.  Do not allow a stranger to eat of the Most Holy Offering. (Exodus 29:33)
  62.  Do not eat of the second tithe while at home in a state of ritual impurity (not during the Feast). (Deuteronomy 26:14)
  63.  Do not eat of the second tithe in honor of the dead. (Deuteronomy 26:14)
  64.  Do not eat of the second tithe in honor of any false god. (Deuteronomy 26:14)
  65.  Do not allow any unauthorized person to eat of the Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:14-16)
  66.  Do not delay to pay Tithes and Offerings to ADONAI at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Exodus 22:29)
  67.  Do not delay to pay vows to ADONAI at the sanctuary of ADONAI. (Deuteronomy 23:21)
  68.  Do not appear before ADONAI at His Feasts at the sanctuary of ADONAI empty-handed (without an Offering). (Deuteronomy 16:16-17)
  69. Numbers
  70.  Do not break vows and oaths to ADONAI. (30:2)
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The Priesthood
  1.  A priest must not marry a woman who is a harlot (zonah). (Leviticus 21:6-8)
  2.  A priest must not marry a woman who refuses to repent of idolatry (chalalah-a woman who worships false gods). (Leviticus 21:7)
  3.  A priest must not marry a woman divorced from her lawful husband. (Leviticus 21:7)
  4.  The High Priest must not marry a widow. (Leviticus 21:14)
  5.  The High Priest must not marry a woman defiled by harlotry or idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Leviticus 21:14)
  6.  Priests must not allow their hair to grow long. (Leviticus 10:6)
  7.  Priests must not tear, or serve with torn Holy Garments. (Leviticus 10:6)
  8.  Priests must not forsake their appointed office. (Leviticus 10:7)
  9.  Priests must not become ritually unclean except for their nearest relatives. (Leviticus 21:1-4)
  10.  The High Priest must not go near any dead body. (Leviticus 21:11)
  11.  The High Priest must not become ritually impure for any dead body. (Leviticus 21:11)
  12.  The tribe of Levi shall have no part in the division of the land of Israel. (Deuteronomy 18:1)
  13.  The tribe of Levi shall have no inheritance other than ADONAI's Portion. (Numbers 18:20)
  14.  Do not shave your head in honor of the dead. (Deuteronomy 14:1; Leviticus 21:5)
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Dietary Laws
HERE is a simple explanation of the Dietary Laws
  1.  Do not eat any unclean animal. (Deuteronomy 14:7-8)
  2.  Do not eat any unclean fish or seafood. (Leviticus 11:10-12)
  3.  Do not eat any unclean fowl. (Leviticus 11:13)
  4.  Do not eat any unclean flying insect. (Leviticus 11:20-23)
  5.  Do not eat any insects that creep on the ground. (Leviticus 11:41)
  6.  Do not eat any reptiles. (Leviticus 11:44)
  7.  Do not eat worms found in fruit or produce. (Leviticus 11 :42)
  8.  Do not eat any swarming insects. (Leviticus 11:43; Deuteronomy 14:19)
  9.  Do not eat any animal found already dead. (Deuteronomy 14:21)
  10.  Do not eat a torn or mauled animal. (Exodus 22:31)
  11.  Do not eat any meat with the blood still in it; neither eat any meat not fully cooked. Only when meat is cooked until it is white inside with no tinge of red or pink whatsoever insures that all blood had been removed. (Deuteronomy 12:23)
  12.  Do not touch the carcass of an unclean animal. (Leviticus 11:8)
  13.  Do not eat blood. (Leviticus 7:26-27)
  14.  Do not eat the fat of sacrificed animals. (Leviticus 7:23, 25)
  15.  Do not boil a young goat in its mother's milk, since it is a ritual of idolaters (those who worship false gods). (Exodus 23:19)[186]
  16.  Do not eat of or offer any sacrifices to the gods (false gods). (Leviticus 17:7)
  17.  Do not eat the meat of a bull that has been stoned to death for goring someone. (Exodus 21:28)
  18.  Do not eat any bread in celebration of the Feast until the Omer Offering has been presented to the priests on the fifteenth of Abib. (Leviticus 23:14, 10)
  19.  Do not eat any parched grain in celebration of the Feast until the Omer Offering has been presented to the priests on the fifteenth of Abib. (Leviticus 23:14)
  20.  Do not eat of the fresh green ears in celebration of the Feast until the Omer Offering has been presented to the priests on the fifteenth of Abib. (Leviticus 23:14)
  21.  Do not eat the fruit of young fruit trees for the first three years of growth. (Leviticus 19:23)
  22.  Do not eat the produce from the planting of mixed seed. (Deuteronomy 22:9)
  23.  Do not partake of drink offerings to the gods (false gods). (Deuteronomy 32:38)
  24.  Drunkenness of any sort is prohibited. (Deuteronomy 21:20)
  25.  Do not eat or drink anything on the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 23:29, 32)
  26.  Do not eat leavened bread during The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus 13:3)
  27.  Do not eat any leavened product during The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus 12:20)
  28.  Do not eat leavened bread with the Passover Lamb. (Deuteronomy 16:3)
  29.  No leavened bread is to be found in any of our possessions during The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus 13:7)
  30.  No leavening is to be found in any of our possessions during The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus 12:19)
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Nazirites
  1.  A Nazirite must not drink wine or any beverage made from grapes. (Numbers 6:3)
  2.  A Nazirite must not eat fresh grapes. (Numbers 6:3)
  3.  A Nazirite must not eat raisins. (Numbers 6:3)
  4.  A Nazirite must not eat grape seeds. (Numbers 6:4)
  5.  A Nazirite may not eat the skins of grapes. (Numbers 6:4)
  6.  A Nazirite must not become ritually impure for the dead. (Numbers 6:7)
  7.  A Nazirite must not go near a dead body. (Numbers 6:6)
  8.  A Nazirite must not shave his hair during the time of his separation. (Numbers 6:5)
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Agriculture
  1.  Do not harvest the corners of a field; they are for the poor. (Leviticus 23:22)
  2.  Do not gather the gleanings of a field; they are for the poor. (Leviticus 23:22)
  3.  Do not gather all the olives from the trees, the remaining are for the poor. (Deuteronomy 24:20)
  4.  Do not gather all the grapes from the vineyard; the remaining are for the poor. (Leviticus 19:10)
  5.  Do not return to pick up a forgotten sheaf from a field; it is for the poor. (Deuteronomy 24:19)
  6.  Do not plant a field with two kinds of seed. (Leviticus 19:19)
  7.  Do not plant a vineyard with two kinds of seed. (Deuteronomy 22:9)
  8.  Do not crossbreed different species of animals. (Leviticus 19:19)
  9.  Do not work with two different species of animals yoked together. (Deuteronomy 22:10)
  10.  Do not muzzle the ox that treads out the grain. (Deuteronomy 25:4)
  11.  Do not till the earth or sow the fields in the seventh year. (Leviticus 25:4)
  12.  Do not prune your vineyard or trees in the seventh year. (Leviticus 25:4)
  13.  Do not reap your harvest in the seventh year. (Leviticus 25:5)
  14.  Do not gather the grapes of the untended vine in the seventh year. (Leviticus 25:5)
  15.  Do not till the earth or sow the fields in the Jubilee year. (Leviticus 25:11)
  16.  Do not reap the harvest in the Jubilee year. (Leviticus 25:11)
  17.  Do not gather the grapes of the untended vines in the Jubilee year. (Leviticus 25:11)
  18.  The land must not be sold permanently. (Leviticus 25:23)
  19.  Do not sell the land belonging to the priests and Levites. (Leviticus 25:34)
  20.  Do not neglect the priests and Levites. (Deuteronomy 12:19)
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Business Practices, Treatment of Servants (Employees?)
  1.  Do not demand repayment of a loan after the seventh year. (Deuteronomy 15:2)
  2.  Do not refuse to lend to the poor because the seventh year is approaching. (Deuteronomy 15:9)
  3.  Do not deny help to the poor. (Deuteronomy 15:7)
  4.  Do not send a Hebrew slave away empty-handed when he finishes his period of service. (Deuteronomy 15:13)
  5.  Do not demand interest on a loan to a brother. (Exodus 22:25)
  6.  Do not lend to a brother with interest. (Leviticus 25:37)
  7.  Do not borrow from a brother with interest. (Deuteronomy 23:19-20)
  8.  Do not participate in a loan to a brother with interest. (Exodus 22:25)
  9.  Do not withhold the wages of a hired man beyond the agreed time. (Leviticus 19:13)
  10.  Do not take security on a loan by force. (Deuteronomy 24:10)
  11.  Do not keep a poor man's security on a loan when he needs it. (Deuteronomy 24:12-13)
  12.  Do not take any security on a loan from a widow. (Deuteronomy 24:17)
  13.  Do not take a man's livelihood as security on a loan. (Deuteronomy 24:6)
  14.  Do not kidnap a brother. (Exodus 21:16)
  15.  Do not steal. (Exodus 20:15)
  16.  Do not rob by violence. (Leviticus 19:13)
  17.  Do not remove a landmark or alter land boundaries. (Deuteronomy 19:14)
  18.  Do not defraud anyone. (Leviticus 19:13)
  19.  Do not deal falsely with anyone. (Leviticus 19:11)
  20.  Do not vow falsely regarding another man's property. (Leviticus 19:11)
  21.  Do not oppress one another in business. (Leviticus 25:14)
  22.  Do not take advantage of one another. (Leviticus 25:17)
  23.  Do not mistreat a stranger. (Exodus 22:21)
  24.  Do not oppress a stranger in business. (Exodus 22:21)
  25.  Do not return a slave who has fled from idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 23:15)
  26.  Do not oppress or take advantage of a slave who has fled from idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 23:16)
  27.  Do not take advantage of widows and orphans. (Exodus 22:22)
  28.  Do not treat a brother as a forced slave, with no hope for redemption. (Leviticus 25:39)
  29.  Do not sell a brother as a slave to strangers. (Leviticus 25:42)
  30.  Do not treat a Hebrew slave ruthlessly. (Leviticus 25:43)
  31.  Do not allow a foreigner to mistreat a Hebrew slave. (Leviticus 25:47, 53)
  32.  Do not sell a Hebrew maidservant to strangers. (Exodus 21:8)
  33.  Do not deprive a wife, or any family member, food, clothing and their own shelter. (Exodus 21:10)
  34.  Do not sell a female captive as a forced slave. (Deuteronomy 21:14)
  35.  Do not treat a female captive as a forced slave. (Deuteronomy 21:14)
  36.  Do not covet another man's possessions. (Exodus 20:17)
  37.  Do not covet the possessions of idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy 7:25)
  38.  A hired worker may not harvest a brother's grain for himself. (Deuteronomy 23:25)
  39.  A hired worker must not take more produce than he can eat. (Deuteronomy 23:24)
  40.  Do not fail to return a lost article to its owner. (Deuteronomy 22:1-3)
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Judgment and Judicial Conduct
  1.  Do not refuse to help a man or an animal which is collapsing under its burden. (Exodus 23:5) (Deuteronomy 22:4)
  2.  Do not use dishonest weights and measures. (Leviticus 19:35)
  3.  Do not possess inaccurate weights and measures. (Deuteronomy 25:13-14)
  4.  A judge must not pervert justice by rendering his own opinion. He must judge according to ADONAI's Laws. (Leviticus 19:15)
  5.  A judge must not accept bribes. (Exodus 23:8)
  6.  A judge must not show partiality to the rich. (Leviticus 19:15)
  7.  A judge must not be afraid to give Righteous Judgment. (Deuteronomy 1:17)
  8.  A judge must not show partiality to the poor. (Leviticus 19:15)
  9.  A judge must not deny justice to the poor in his lawsuit. (Exodus 23:6)
  10.  A judge must not show pity to the guilty. (Deuteronomy 19:11-13, 21)
  11.  A judge must not pervert the justice due to the stranger or the fatherless. (Deuteronomy 24:17)
  12.  Do not spread a false report. (Exodus 23:1)
  13.  Do not fail to report sin or testify in an investigation. (Leviticus 5:1)
  14.  Do not follow the crowd in doing evil. (Exodus 23:2)
  15.  Do not appoint as judge one who is ignorant of ADONAI's Laws. (Deuteronomy 1:13)
  16.  Do not give false testimony in a lawsuit or investigation. (Exodus 20:16)
  17.  The judges must not accept false testimony in a case. (Deuteronomy 19:16-17)
  18.  Do not judge a person for the actions of either their parents or their children. (Deuteronomy 24:16)
  19.  Do not judge a matter on the testimony of one witness, or on circumstantial evidence. (Deuteronomy 19:15)
  20.  Do not murder. (Exodus 20:13)
  21.  The judges must not condemn an innocent or righteous person. (Exodus 23:7)
  22.  Do not judge a matter until it has been fully investigated. (Deuteronomy 19:18)
  23.  Do not put a murderer to death before the judges hear his case. (Numbers 35:12)
  24.  Do not fail to carry out the sentence of judgment. (Deuteronomy 17:11-12)
  25.  Do not punish the innocent victim of crime. (Deuteronomy 22:26)
  26.  Do not accept ransom from one who willfully murdered. He must surely be put to death. (Numbers 35:31)
  27.  Do not accept ransom from one who killed accidentally. He must remain at the city of refuge. (Numbers 35:32)
  28.  Do not endanger anyone's life. (Leviticus 19:16)
  29.  Do not neglect to protect against hazards. (Deuteronomy 22:8)
  30.  Do not mislead another person by giving unlawful advice. (Leviticus 19:14)
  31.  Do not administer more punishment than the Law allows. (Deuteronomy 25:2-3)
  32.  Do not go about tale-bearing or slandering about anyone. (Leviticus 19:16)
  33.  Do not bear hatred for anyone. (Leviticus 19:17)
  34.  Do not share in another's guilt by not correcting sin. (Leviticus 19:17)
  35.  Do not seek revenge against your fellow man. (Leviticus 19:18)
  36.  Do not bear a grudge against your fellow man. (Leviticus 19:18)
  37.  Do not take the mother when taking the young birds. (Deuteronomy 22:6)
  38.  Do not shave a diseased area of skin. (Leviticus 13:33)
  39.  Do not remove the signs of leprosy. (Deuteronomy 24:8)
  40.  Do not neglect to inform the priests when a dead body is found. (Deuteronomy 21:1-2)
  41.  Do not permit a witch to live. (Exodus 22:18)
  42.  Do not force a bridegroom to perform military service during the first year of his marriage. (Deuteronomy 24:5)
  43.  Do not rebel against the teaching of ADONAI's anointed servants. (Deuteronomy 17:11)
  44.  Do not add to any of ADONAI's Laws. (Deuteronomy 4:2)[313]
  45.  Do not take away from ADONAI's Laws. (Deuteronomy 4:2)
  46.  Do not curse, revile or rebel against ADONAI's appointed judges. (Exodus 22:28)
  47.  Do not curse, revile or rebel against the authority placed by ADONAI. (Exodus 22:28)
  48.  Do not curse the deaf. (Leviticus 19:14)
  49.  Do not curse parents or teachers. (Exodus 21:17)
  50.  Do not strike or become violent with parents or teachers. (Exodus 21:15)
  51.  Do not work on the Sabbath. (Exodus 20:10, 31:15)
  52.  Do not conduct personal business on the Sabbath. (Exodus 16:29)
  53.  Do not kindle anger or wrath on the Sabbath. (Exodus 35:3; Deuteronomy 32:22)
  54.  Do not work on the first day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus 12:16)
  55.  Do not work on the seventh day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus 12:16)
  56.  Do not work on The Feast of Weeks (Pentecost). (Leviticus 23:21)
  57.  Do not work on The Feast of Trumpets. (Leviticus 23:24-25)
  58.  Do not work on the first day of The Feast of Tabernacles. (Leviticus 23:35)
  59.  Do not work on The Last Great Day. (Leviticus 23:36)
  60.  Do not work on the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 23:28)
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Forbidden Relationships
  1.  A man must not have sexual relations with his mother. (Leviticus 18:7)
  2.  A man must not have sexual relations with his father's wife. (Leviticus 18:8)
  3.  A man must not have sexual relations with his sister. (Leviticus 18:9)
  4.  A man must not have sexual relations with his half-sister. (Leviticus 18:11)
  5.  A man must not have sexual have relations with his son's daughter. (Leviticus 18:10)
  6.  A man must not have sexual relations with his daughter's daughter. (Leviticus 18:10)
  7.  A man must not have sexual relations with his daughter. (Leviticus 18:10)
  8.  A man must not marry a woman and her daughter. (Leviticus 18:17)
  9.  A man must not marry a woman and her son's daughter. (Leviticus 18:17)
  10.  A man must not marry a woman and her daughter's daughter. (Leviticus 18:17)
  11.  A man must not have sexual relations with his father's sister. (Leviticus 18:12)
  12.  A man must not have sexual relations with his mother's sister. (Leviticus 18:13)
  13.  A man must not have sexual relations with his father's brother's wife. (Leviticus 18:14)
  14.  A man must not have sexual relations with his daughter-in-law. (Leviticus 18:15)
  15.  A man must not have sexual relations with his brother's wife. (Leviticus 18:16)
  16.  A man must not have sexual relations with one wife in the dwelling of another. (Leviticus 18:18)
  17.  A man must not approach a menstruous woman for sexual relations or in any way to become ritually unclean by her. (Leviticus 18:19)
  18.  Do not commit adultery. (Leviticus 18:20)
  19.  A man must not have sexual relations with an animal. (Leviticus 18:23)
  20.  A woman must not have sexual relations with an animal. (Leviticus 18:23)
  21.  A man must not have sexual relations with another man. (Leviticus 18:22)
  22.  A man must not have sexual relations with a woman betrothed to another man. (Leviticus 19:20)
  23.  A man must not lust after any woman forbidden to him. (Leviticus 18:16)
  24.  A man must not have sexual relations with a woman until he has lawfully acquired her in marriage. (Exodus 22:16-17)
  25.  Do not allow your son or daughter to marry a idolater (a worshiper of false gods) who refuses to repent. (Deuteronomy 7:3, 23:2)
  26.  Do not allow your daughter to play the harlot, allowing her to commit fornication. (Leviticus 19:29)
  27.  A man must not have sexual relations with a woman who returns to him after having sexual relations with another man. (Deuteronomy 24:4)
  28.  A childless widow must not marry anybody outside of her husband's family. (Deuteronomy 25:5)
  29.  A man must not divorce a woman he married after having raped her. (Deuteronomy 22:29)
  30.  A man must not divorce a woman he married after having slandered her. (Deuteronomy 22:19)
  31.  A man must not allow himself to be castrated. (Deuteronomy 23:1)
  32.  A man must not divorce a woman, unless she committed premarital fornication. (Deuteronomy 24:1)
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The King
  1.  Do not set a stranger in the office of king. (Deuteronomy 17:15)
  2.  The king must not put his trust in military power. (Deuteronomy 17:16)
  3.  The king must not allow himself to be ruled by his wives. (Deuteronomy 17:17)
  4.  The king must not allow himself to be ruled by lust for wealth. (Deuteronomy 17:17)

____________

Notes. Adding notes and commentary will be a very long, ongoing project. Watch the “What’s New” page for notification.

 

  1. I have absolutely no memory at all of where I first heard this. [RETURN]

Notes on Positive Commands

 2. The word “one” in this text is dxa echad, a compound unity; a single, unique unity would be dyxy yachid. [RETURN]

 6. The Talmud says that clinging to Torah scholars is equivalent to clinging to HaShem. [RETURN]

146. Shechita is the Jewish religious and humane method of slaughtering permitted animals and poultry for food. It is the only method of producing kosher meat and poultry allowed by Jewish law. [RETURN]

163. This holy day is also called Yom Teruah, the Day of the Shofar Blast; it is never called Rosh Hashanah in the Scriptures. [MORE INFO] [RETURN]

 

Notes on Negative Commands

186. Please note that the Torah says absolutely nothing about eating meat and dairy together. The clear mitzvah is to not boil a young animal in it’s mother’s milk. [RETURN]

 

 313. My personal understanding is that those who hold the Oral Tradition (the “Oral Torah”) as authoritative as Torah are actually violating Torah. I believe that the Oral Tradition is only an interpretation, is no more inspired than my comments on this page, and should be considered the same as any other commentary. The Oral Tradition is, however, extremely valuable for understanding how the sages thought and how they arrived at their interpretation of Torah. [RETURN]

 

 

Page originally completed and posted on Friday, 01 November 2019

Page last updated on Tuesday, 09 February 2021 01:20 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)