The Third Temple  The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)
Jew and Gentile (Synagogue and Church), one in Messiah. (Ephesians 2:14)
“For He is our peace, Who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition, …”

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!
If you don’t believe Genesis 1-11, how can you possibly believe John 3:16?
“Indeed, all who want to live a godly life united with the Messiah Yeshua will be persecuted.” (2Tim 3:12)
It is what you actually believe that determines how you walk out your faith, “but avoid stupid controversies, genealogies, quarrels and fights about the Torah; because they are worthless and futile.” (Titus 3:9)

Please Note: Absolutely nothing on this website should be taken as anti-Church or anti-Rabbinic. I am not anti-anything or anti-anyone. I am only pro-Torah and pro-Truth (see “Philosophy”), but sometimes the Truth upsets our long-held beliefs. I know it certainly upset mine! For example, see “Why Isn’t My Theology Consistent Throughout the Website?”

Developing a
Systematic Messianic Theology

“The purpose of careful theological formulations is not to put barriers in the way of people who are seeking salvation, but to define clearly the truths upon which genuine [Biblical] faith rests, so that people will not be misled by false doctrines.” [Bowman]

“It must be clearly and unequivocally stated that theology cannot save you. Only faith in Messiah Yeshua can save you. Theology can only give you sound doctrine.” [RLS]

Unless otherwise specified, throughout the Theology section of my website I use the term “Torah” in the wider sense of including the entire body of inspired Scripture: both the Tanakh and the Apostolic Writings. I personally do not consder any other so-called “sacred writings” either inspired by God or authoritative for the Believer’s walk of faith. Thus, I do not consider the Mishnah (the “Oral Torah”) as part of Torah. You should make up your own mind.

[Explanations of rabbinic citations are HERE]


613 Mitzvot
A List of the 613 Commandments of Torah,
with introductory comments, Scripture
references, and some comments


Mitzvah Defined

A mitzvah is a religious precept or obligation; one of the 613 “commandments” in the Torah.  It is a principle for living, a good deed, or an instruction (pl. mitzvot).

What is “Torah”?

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. … The Word became a human being and lived with us, and we saw his Sh’khinah [Glory], the Sh’khinah of the Father’s only Son, full of grace and truth. (John 1:1,14 CJB)

By the Word of Yehovah the heavens were made, and their whole host by a breath from his mouth. (Psalm 33:6, CJB)

What the Church calls “Law,” Judaism calls “Torah.” Technically, “Torah” consists of the first five books of the Bible that were written in the Wilderness by the hand of Moshe (Moses). The Greek term generally used by Gentile Christians for this collection of books is “Pentateuch” (πεντάτευχος, pentáteukhos, ‘five scrolls’). As the “constitution” of ancient (and future) Israel, Torah contains laws, but more than a list of rules and regulations, Torah reveals God’s heart and character to humankind. As God’s ketubah (marriage contract) with Israel, Torah reveals those things that please Him, those things that displease Him, those things that break His heart.

The sum of the Torah is this:
Love what HaShem loves;
hate what HaShem hates.
All else is commentary.

The term “Law,” especially in the legal sense, is an inaccurate translation of the word “Torah.” The correct understanding of “Torah” is “divine instruction” or “divine revelation” — this is how “Torah” is understood in Judaism.

In Proverbs 8:22, personified wisdom declares that she was created at the very beginning of God’s dominion, even before the watery abyss whose preexistence is taken for granted in Genesis 1:2. Moreover, personified wisdom declares (Proverbs 8:22-31) that, at the time of the creation of the cosmos, she accompanied God as a confidant. Already in Psalm 119 this personified wisdom of Proverbs is identified with Torah, the same Torah that, in Psalm 119, as already in Deuteronomy 17 and Nehemiah 9, comprises a God‑given book of instructions concerning human behavior.

Simple logic suggests that if wisdom is Torah and wisdom is God’s companion at creation, then it was the Torah that accompanied God at Creation. It is a short step from this logical inference to the idea, first attested in the writings of the first-century C.E. Alexandrian Jewish philosopher Philo, later in Genesis Rabbah 1:1 [a work of Midrash, biblical interpretation], and still later among medieval kabbalists, that the Torah was the blueprint used by God in creating the cosmos. [“Hebrew’s Theological Significance,” MyJewishLearning.com, accessed August 18, 2019.]

Following that same line of reasoning just a step or two further, if Torah was God’s companion at creation, and “the Word” was God’s companion (“with God”) at creation (John 1:1), and “the Word was God” (John 1:1), then Torah = “the Word” = God. If Torah is “the Word” and “the Word became flesh” (John 1:14), then Torah literally became flesh in the Person of Yeshua of Nazareth. Yeshua plainly said, “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30). If Yeshua is Torah, and Yeshua is the very representation of God (Hebrews 1:2-3), then Torah is the revelation of the very character of God.

Thus, Torah is a revelation of the character of God as well as an insight into what is to come in the Messianic Kingdom and beyond. Torah is God’s instruction on how a righteous people — those who place their trust in Him, whether Jew or Gentile — are to live, so that “all will be well with them” (Deuteronomy eronomy 4:40). Verses such as Exodus 12:48-49, Leviticus 24:22, and Isaiah 56:3,6-8 clearly show that Torah was given not strictly to the Hebrews, but also to those Gentiles who wanted to be part of God’s people. Although God chose to present His revelation through the Jewish people, it was not to be solely “their religion.” They were to be a “light to the nations” (Isaiah 42:6; 49:6; 60:3) and bring this revelation to the Gentiles, as Yeshua reminded them in His sermon of Matthew 5.

Though the “Torah proper” is the five books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy), the term “Torah” can also include the rest of the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible, commonly and erroneously called the “Old Testament”[1]) and the books of the Apostolic Writings (commonly and erroneously called the “New Testament”), in that they are God’s continued revelation/instruction. None of God’s later revelation in the rest of the Tanakh (the Prophets and Writings) contradicts the Torah, and none of the Apostolic Writings contradict the Torah, Prophets, or Writings. God is echad (one), and His Word is echad.

Obedience to Torah, however, out of any sense of obligation is legalism. Legalism isn’t what we do, it’s why we do what we do. My intent in providing this list of mitzvot [commands] is not to provide the Believer with a list of things to do and not to do. If you are a disciple of Israel’s Messiah, you are living under the New Covenant and Ruach HaKodesh [the Holy Spirit] has already written His mitzvot on your heart (Jeremiah 31:31-33). You don’t need a list — you already know in your heart what is written in this list.

This list is primarily for those who are in “the Church,” who are not living under the New Covenant, and who are not a part of the Commonwealth of Israel or the Kingdom of God — those who have been told that the Torah has been abolished or that it is far too difficult to be of any practical use. The New Covenant, by the way, is not for “the Church.” God made the New Covenant only with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah (Jeremiah 31:31). Therefore, if you want to be a full partaker in the New Covenant, you must be a citizen of the Commonwealth of Israel.

If you are in “the Church,” you have probably been taught that Torah was God’s Law for Israel and those in “the Church” have been “set free” from it. While it is true that the Torah was the “constitution” for ancient Israel, now is the constitution for the Commonwealth of Israel, and will be the constitution for the whole world when Messiah reigns from Jerusalem, and that it does contain some law, Torah is better understood as “Divine Instruction.” It is a handbook of policies and procedures for the benefit and welfare of those whom God loves. It is the Manufacturer’s Manual for Humanity.

Years ago, a very wise rabbi explained “walking Torah” something like this:

Walking Torah is like walking along a path in a beautiful forest. As you walk, you notice beautiful stones in the path. Some are laying on top of the ground; some are partially buried in the earth; some are buried so deep that it takes effort to dig them out. As you walk, you see a stone that attracts you to its beauty, so you reach down and pick it up. You examine it and put it in your pocket to take with you. Some become too heavy or cumbersome. Those you set back down on the path. But some you will carry with you forever. Each mitzvah is like one of those those stones. If you see one that is attractive to you, pick it up and try it. If it becomes cumbersome, set it down.[2]

It is also extremely important to understand that not all mitzvot apply to everyone. About half the mitzvot apply only (1) within Eretz Yisrael (the Land of Israel) (2) under a theocratic government (3) with the Temple and Levitical Priesthood in operation. Many mitzvot apply only to the Temple and the Priesthood, and therefore depend on the presence of a Temple and an active Levitical Priesthood. Some apply only to men; some only to women. Some apply only to farmers; some only to herdsmen; some only to merchants. Some apply only to masters (employers); some only to servants (employees). Some apply to all people everywhere. We are obliged to observe only those mitzvot which actually apply to us.

I encourage you to go through this list and identify those mitzvot that actually apply to you. Of those few, try to determine which of them you feel that God would not want you to observe. If you truly feel they are too difficult or inappropriate for you, then by all means do not attempt to observe them. Set them down.

My prayer for you is that as you walk ever closer to HaShem, you would fall so madly in love with Him that you would seek every possible opportunity to find mitzvot that you get to observe in His honor.

Also please note that I believe (my personal opinion, please feel free to disagree) that everyone should obey what the Torah actually says, not necessarily the Sagesinterpretation of what the Torah says. The two are not always the same. 

I also believe (and many disagree) there is only one “standard of righteousness” by which all mankind will be judged [“You are to apply the same standard of judgment to the foreigner as to the citizen, because I am Yehovah your God.” (Leviticus 24:22)], and that is the Torah of God as recorded in the entire body of Scripture (Torah, Nevi’im, K’tuvim, and Apostolic Writings). Therefore, the entire body of mitzvot contained in the Torah (the Books of Moses) is binding upon all who claim a covenant relationship with the God of Avraham, Yitz’chak, and Ya’akov.

From him who has been given much, much will be demanded; from someone to whom people entrust much, they ask still more. (Luke 12:48)

But someone will say that you have faith and I have actions. Show me this faith of yours without the actions, and I will show you my faith by my actions! (James 2:18) [“actions” = mitzvot = obedience to the commandments of Torah]

So whoever disobeys the least of these mitzvot and teaches others to do so will be called the least in the Kingdom of Heaven. But whoever obeys them and so teaches will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven. (Matthew 5:19)

Everyone who keeps sinning is violating Torah — indeed, sin is violation of Torah. (1John 3:4)

To those who claim that Torah applies only to the sons of Avraham, Yitz’chak, and Ya’akov, I would refer you to the book of Exodus. The Torah says that a great multitude of Egyptians — “an ethnically diverse crowd” (Exodus 12:38, HCSB) or “mixed multitude” (NAS) — accompanied the Israelites when they left Egypt. Targum Yonatan says that 2,400,000 Egyptians went out with the Children of Israel. This same “ethnically diverse crowd” of Gentiles accepted the Torah at Sinai along with the children of Israel! [See also Exodus 12:48-49, Leviticus 24:22, and Isaiah 56:3,6-8, as discussed above.]

Moshe came, summoned the leaders of the people and presented them with all these words which Yehovah had ordered him to say. All the people (including the “ethnically diverse crowd”) answered as one, “Everything Yehovah has said, we will do.” (Exodus 19:7-8; 24:3; 24:7)

Thus we can see that the “ethnically diverse crowd” was an integral part of the Commonwealth of Israel, and was expected to participate in the whole Torah. 

As “No one has ever seen God; but the only and unique Son, who is identical with God and is at the Father’s side — He has made him known.” (John 1:18), Yeshua HaMashiach is therefore God Who walked in Eden in the cool of the evening with our first parents (Genesis 3:8), Who appeared in bodily form to the Patriarchs at various times and places (Genesis 12:7; 26:1-2; 35:1; Exodus 6:3), who spoke in many ways to the Prophets (Hebrews 1:1) and Who verbally delivered the Torah to Moshe (Exodus 33:1) and literally inscribed the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) with His own finger (Exodus 31:18) in the tablets of stone that Moshe brought down off the mountain. When He said, “If you love Me you will keep My mitzvot” (John 14:15), He was referring to the Torah He that gave to Moshe. Yeshua faithfully kept all the commandments that applied to Him, and if we love Him, we will want to walk as He walked. (See also “Why Should I Obey Torah?”)

“If you love me, you will keep my commands.” (John 14:15)

“If you keep my commands, you will stay in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commands and stay in his love. ” (John 15:10 NAS)


The Talmud (Tractate Makkot 23b) tells us that there are 613 commandments (mitzvot) in the Torah; 248 Positive Commandments (do’s) and 365 Negative Commandments (do not’s). However, the Talmud does not provide us with a list of these commandments.

Several great Jewish scholars have compiled a complete listing of these mitzvot. Although they all agree on the vast majority of the commandments, they do disagree concerning a number of them. The arguments are for scholastic purposes only, for they do not disagree over any actual commandment whether it is mandatory or forbidden — they only disagree whether certain commandments are independent commandments, or perhaps they are part of another commandment and are not counted on their own. [“The 613 Commandments (Mitzvot),” Chabad.org accessed August 18, 2019. See also the video “Counting the 613 Commandments.”]


How many commandments apply today?

Of the 613 commandments, 202 require the Temple and priesthood to be in place and active, so they will not be in effect until the Temple is rebuilt and the Levitical Priesthood is re-established. Of the remaining 411 that do not require the Temple, 26 apply only within the borders of the Land of Israel and 99 require special circumstances (e.g., “don’t be late in fulfilling a vow” applies only if you make a vow; likewise, parapet around roof, paying laborer on time, etc.). So the actual list of mitzvot that apply to most people is narrowed down to something in the neighborhood of 220 or so. Your state probably has more traffic laws than that, and certainly has more penal laws! In fact, your city probably has more local ordinances than that.


The 613 Mitzvot

248 Positive Commandments 365 Negative Commandments

248 Positive Commandments

(Hover over the Scripture reference to read the passage.)

The Worship of Yehovah
  1. Believe in Yehovah as the Only Source of Power in the Universe. (Exodus  20:2-3)
  2. Submit to Yehovah as the Supreme Head, to be in unity with Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  6:4)[2]
  3. Love Yehovah with all your heart, soul, and might. (Deuteronomy  6:5)
  4. Reverence Yehovah by Keeping His Laws. (Deuteronomy  6:12-13,25)
  5. Serve Yehovah. (Exodus  23:25)
  6. Hold fast to Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  10:20)[6]
  7. Taking an oath by Yehovah’s Name. (Deuteronomy  6:13)
  8. Walk in Yehovah’s ways. (Deuteronomy  28:9)
  9. Sanctify Yehovah’s Name. (Leviticus 22:32)
  10. Read (study and meditate on) Torah. (Deuteronomy  6:6-7)
  11. Teach Torah to our children. (Deuteronomy  6:6-7)
  12. Bind Torah upon our hands. (Deuteronomy  6:8)
  13. Bind (write) the Law upon our minds. (Deuteronomy  6:8)
  14. Make tzitzit on the corners of the tallits. (Numbers  15:38-40)
  15. “Publish” Yehovah’s Torah. (Deuteronomy  6:9)
  16. Gather for the reading of the Torah every seventh year. (Deuteronomy  31:10-13)
  17. A king must copy his own Torah scroll, read it daily, and obey it. (Deuteronomy  17:18-20)
  18. Learn the “song of Moses.” (Deuteronomy  31:19)
  19. Praise Yehovah for Eretz Yisrael. (Deuteronomy  8:8-10)
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The Temple and the Priests
[Require an active Temple and Priesthood]
  1. Build the Holy sanctuary of Yehovah. (Exodus  25:8-9)
  2. Reverence the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Leviticus 19:30)
  3. Guard the sanctuary of Yehovah at all times. (Numbers  18:2-4)
  4. The priests and Levites shall do their appointed work in the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Numbers  18:6-7,23)
  5. The priests must wash their hands and feet. (Exodus  30:17-21)
  6. The priests must keep the menorah burning perpetually. (Exodus  27:20-21)
  7. The priests must bless the people with the Name of Yehovah. (Numbers  6:23-27)
  8. The priests must set the showbread before the ark. (Exodus  25:30)
  9. The priests must burn the incense on the golden altar in the morning and at dusk. (Exodus  30:7-8)
  10. The priests must keep the fire burning on the altar continuously. (Leviticus 6:12-13)
  11. The priests must remove the ashes from the altar daily. (Leviticus 6:10-11)
  12. The priests must keep the ritually unclean out of the inner court of the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Numbers  5:2-3)
  13. The priests must be regarded as holy. (Leviticus 21:8)
  14. The priests must dress in special priestly garments. (Exodus  28:2-43)
  15. The priests must bear the responsibility for the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Numbers  18:1,5)
  16. The priests must prepare the holy anointing oil according to its formula. (Exodus  30:23-33)
  17. The priests must perform their services at the sanctuary of Yehovah at the appointed time. (Deuteronomy  18:6-8)
  18. The priests may become ritually unclean due to certain close relatives. (Leviticus 21:1-4)
  19. The High Priest may marry only a virgin. (Leviticus 21:13-14)
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Sacrifices
[Require the Temple and the Priesthood]
  1. The continual burnt offering (Tamid sacrifice) must be offered twice daily. (Numbers  28:2-6)
  2. The grain and drink offering must be offered twice daily. (Numbers  28:2-8)
  3. An additional sacrifice must be offered every Sabbath. (Numbers  28:9-10)
  4. An additional sacrifice must be offered on The New Moon. (Numbers  28:11-15)
  5. An additional sacrifice must be offered every day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover). (Numbers  28:18-24)
  6. The Omer offering of the first barley must also be brought on the first day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) and must be waved by the priests on the second day of the Feast. (Leviticus 23:10-14)
  7. An additional offering must be offered at The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot). (Numbers  28:26-30)
  8. Two wave loaves of bread baked with salt must be offered on The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot). (Leviticus 23:17)
  9. An additional sacrifice must be offered on The Feast of Trumpets. (Numbers  29:1-6)
  10. An additional sacrifice must be offered on the Day of Atonement. (Numbers  29:7-8)
  11. The Atonement Service must be performed on the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 16:2-34)
  12. An additional sacrifice must be offered every day of The Feast of Tabernacles. (Numbers  29:12-34)
  13. An additional sacrifice must be offered on The Last Great Day. (Numbers  29:35-40)
  14. Three times a year keep a Feast to Yehovah: at The Feast of Unleavened Bread, at The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot), and at The Feast of Tabernacles. (Exodus  23:14-17)
  15. The Feasts of Yehovah must be kept only at the Place Yehovah chooses, at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  12:5-7, 14)
  16. Every household must appear before Yehovah and rejoice at the Feasts. (Deuteronomy  16:14)
  17. The Passover Lamb must be killed on the fourteenth day of Abib between the two evenings. (Numbers  28:16)
  18. The Passover Lamb must be eaten on the night of the fifteenth of Abib.(Exodus  12:8-11)
  19. Those who are unclean from a dead body or away on a journey (stranded, detained, or imprisoned) must kill the Passover Lamb in the Second Moon. (Numbers  9:10-11)
  20. The Passover in the Second Moon must be held according to all its ordinances. (Numbers  9:11-12)
  21. The silver trumpets must be sounded at Feast times, New Moons, and also in times of tribulation, to call the congregation together. (Numbers  10:2, 9-10)
  22. All animals to be sacrificed must be at least eight days old. (Leviticus 22:27)
  23. All animals to be sacrificed must be without blemish. (Leviticus 22:21)
  24. All offerings must be salted. (Leviticus 2:13)
  25. The Law of the burnt offering. (Leviticus 1:2-17)
  26. The Law of the sin offering. (Leviticus 6:25-30)
  27. The Law of the trespass offering. (Leviticus 7:1-2, 7)
  28. The Law of the peace offering. (Leviticus 3:1-17)
  29. The Law of the grain offering. (Leviticus 2:1-16)
  30. If the congregation sins ignorantly, a sin offering must be brought. (Leviticus 4:13-21)
  31. If a person sins ignorantly, a sin offering must be brought when he learns of his sin. (Leviticus 4:27-35)
  32. If a person is in doubt as to whether he has sinned in regard to any of the holy things, a suspensive guilt offering must be brought. (Leviticus 5:15-19)
  33. A sin offering must be brought for stealing, swearing falsely, and sins of a like nature. (Leviticus 6:1-7)
  34. The sin offering must be according to one’s means. (Leviticus 5:7-13)
  35. We must confess our sins to Yehovah, repent for them, and be converted to the keeping of Yehovah’s Laws. (Numbers  5:6-7)
  36. A man who has an abnormal discharge (zab) must bring a sacrifice. (Leviticus 15:13-15)
  37. A woman who has an abnormal discharge (zabah) must bring a sacrifice. (Leviticus 15:28-30)
  38. A woman must bring a sacrifice after childbirth. (Leviticus 12:6-8)
  39. A leper must bring a sacrifice after he has been cleansed. (Leviticus 14:1-32)
  40. The First Tithe is holy, and belongs to Yehovah. (Leviticus 27:30-33)
  41. The firstborn of clean animals are holy and belong to Yehovah. (Exodus  13:2)
  42. The firstborn sons belong to Yehovah, but may be redeemed. (Exodus  34:19-20)
  43. The firstling of a donkey must be redeemed. (Exodus  34:20)
  44. If the firstling of a donkey is not redeemed, its neck must be broken. (Exodus  13:13)
  45. All tithes and offerings must be brought to the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  12:5-6)
  46. The sanctuary of Yehovah is the only place Yehovah has chosen to receive tithes, sacrifices, and offerings. (Deuteronomy  12:13-14, 26)
  47. The blood of the sacrifices must be poured out on the altar of Yehovah for our atonement. (Deuteronomy  12:27)
  48. Sanctified animals which have become blemished must be redeemed. (Deuteronomy  15:19-22)
  49. Any animal exchanged for an offering is also holy. (Leviticus 27:10, 33)
  50. The priests are to eat the meat of the consecrated offerings. (Exodus  29:33)
  51. The priests are to eat the remainder of the grain offering. (Leviticus 10:12-13)
  52. Consecrated meat of an offering which becomes ritually unclean must be burned. (Leviticus 7:19)
  53. Consecrated meat of an offering not eaten within its appointed time must be burned. (Leviticus 7:17)
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Vows
[Apply only to Nazirites]
  1. A Nazirite must let his hair grow during the period of separation. (Numbers  6:5)
  2. A Nazirite must shave his head and bring the sacrifice when the period of separation is over. (Numbers  6:13-18)
  3. Vows and oaths to Yehovah must be kept. (Deuteronomy  23:21-23)
  4. The Law of binding and loosing a vow. (Numbers  30:2-16)
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Ritual Purity
[Applies to the Temple]
  1. Anyone who touches or eats the carcass of an unclean animal becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 11:24-28)
  2. Anyone who touches or eats the carcass of a clean animal that dies of itself, or is torn by wild animals, becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 11:29-31)
  3. Any article that has come in contact with a ritually unclean object becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 11:31-38)
  4. Menstruous women are ritually unclean. (Leviticus 15:19-24)
  5.  Women after childbirth are ritually unclean. (Leviticus 12:2)
  6.  Anyone with a spreading skin disease is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 13:2-46)
  7.  Any clothing contaminated with a spreading disease is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 13:47-59)
  8.  A house contaminated by a spreading disease is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 14:34-57)
  9.  A man having an abnormal discharge (zab) is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 15:2-15)
  10.  Anyone or anything coming into contact with semen becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 15:16-18)
  11.  A woman with an abnormal discharge (zabah) is ritually unclean. (Leviticus 15:19, 25-28)
  12.  A human corpse and anyone who comes near it is ritually unclean. (Numbers  19:11-16)
  13.  The purification water purifies the ritually unclean. (Numbers  19:2-22)
  14.  Those ritually unclean must purify at the appointed time by laundering their clothes and immersing in water. (Leviticus 15:27)
  15.  Those ritually unclean of a spreading skin disease must follow the specified purification procedure. (Leviticus 14:2-32)
  16.  Those unclean of a spreading skin disease must shave off all their hair. (Leviticus 14:9)
  17.  Those unclean of a spreading skin disease must be easily distinguishable. (Leviticus 13:45)
  18.  The ashes of the red heifer are to be used in ritual purification. (Numbers  19:2-9)
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Tithes and Offerings
  1.  The priest must set the value of a person dedicated to Yehovah. (Leviticus 27:2-8, 25)
  2.  The priest must set the value of an animal dedicated to Yehovah. (Leviticus 27:9-13, 27)
  3.  The priest must set the value of a house dedicated to Yehovah. (Leviticus 27:14-15)
  4.  The priest must set the value of a field dedicated to Yehovah. (Leviticus 27:16-24)
  5.  If one sins ignorantly regarding the Holy Offerings, full restitution must be made, adding a fifth of the value to it. (Leviticus 22:14-16)
  6.  The fruit of the fourth years growth is holy, and must be given to the priest. (Leviticus 19:23-25)
  7.  The corners of a field that is reaped must be left for the poor. (Leviticus 19:9)
  8.  The gleanings of a field that is reaped must be left for the poor (Leviticus 19:9)
  9.  The forgotten sheaves of a field that is reaped must be left for the poor. (Deuteronomy  24:19)
  10.  Any remaining olives or grapes must be left for the poor. (Deuteronomy  24:20-21)
  11.  Any fallen grapes must be left for the poor. (Leviticus 19:10)
  12.  The first fruits of all our labor must be separated and brought to the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Exodus  23:19)
  13.  All Holy Offerings must be given to the priests at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Numbers  18:8-14, 21)
  14.  The First Tithe (the first tenth) of all our increase must be given to the Levites for their work in the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Numbers  18:21-26)
  15.  The Second Tithe must be set aside for the Feasts of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  14:23-26)
  16.  The priests and Levites must also tithe to the Work of Yehovah. (Numbers  18:24-32)
  17.  The Third Tithe must be set aside for the poor in the third and sixth years of the seven year cycle. (Deuteronomy  14:28-29)
  18.  Tithes and Offerings must be presented to Yehovah with prayer. (Deuteronomy  26:12-19)
  19.  Each household is to bring or send their tithes and offerings before Yehovah to the sanctuary of Yehovah (no Christian collection plate). (Deuteronomy  26:2-4, 10)
  20.  The first portion of the grain offering must be given to the priest at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Numbers  15:18-21)
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The Sabbatical Year
  1.  Every seventh year is a Sabbath of Rest for the land and the fields must lie fallow and the ground must not be tilled. (Leviticus 25:2-7, 20-22)
  2.  In the seventh year everything that grows is to be eaten by all. (Leviticus 25:2-7,20-22)
  3.  You must consecrate and proclaim the Jubilee year. (Leviticus 25:10-12)
  4.  On the Day of Atonement in the Jubilee year, the shofar must be sounded and all Hebrew slaves set free. (Leviticus 25:9-10, 13)
  5.  In the Jubilee year all the land is to be returned to its appointed owners. (Leviticus 25:23-28)
  6.  In a walled city the seller has a right to buy back a house within a year of the sale. (Leviticus 25:29-30)
  7.  The years until the Jubilee must be counted. (Leviticus 25:8)
  8.  The seventh year is the Year of Release. (Deuteronomy  15:3)
  9.  In the seventh year a foreigner may be pressed for payment of a debt. (Deuteronomy  15:3)
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Clean Animals Fit for Consumption and of Offerings
  1.  The priests must receive their share of all clean animals that are slaughtered. (Deuteronomy  18:3)
  2.  The priests must receive the first fleece from the shearing of sheep. (Deuteronomy  18:4)
  3.  Anything devoted to Yehovah becomes Most Holy to Yehovah and becomes the property of the sanctuary of Yehovah and the priests. (Leviticus 27:28)
  4.  To be fit for consumption, clean animals must be slaughtered. (Do not eat what dies of itself or is killed by wild beasts.) (Deuteronomy  12:21)[146]
  5.  The blood of slaughtered clean animals must be poured on the ground and covered with earth. (Leviticus 17:10-16)
  6.  Set the mother bird free when taking the nest or the young. (Deuteronomy  22:6-7)
  7.  Examine the meat of animals to make sure it is permitted for consumption. (Leviticus 11:2-8)
  8.  Examine fowl to make sure they are permitted for consumption. (Deuteronomy  14:11-19)
  9.  Examine locusts to make sure they are permitted for consumption. (Leviticus 11:20-23)
  10.  Examine fish to make sure they are permitted for consumption. (Leviticus 11:9-12)
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The Feasts and Sabbaths
  1.  The New Moons are to be observed to set Yehovah’s Feasts. (Exodus  12:2) (Deuteronomy  16:1)
  2.  The seventh day of every week is Yehovah’s Sabbath of rest, and a Holy Convocation. (Exodus  23:12; 16:23)
  3.  Keep the Sabbath Day holy by making preparation in advance. (Exodus  20:8-11)
  4.  Remove all leaven from all your property by the fifteenth of Abib. (Exodus  12:15)
  5.  On the fifteenth day of Abib we must teach our children the story of The Ex from Egypt. (Exodus  13:8)
  6.  We must eat unleavened bread from the fifteenth through the twenty-first of Abib. (Exodus  12:18)
  7.  The first day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. Cooking may be done on a Feast Day Sabbath, but not on the weekly Sabbath. (Exodus  12:16)
  8.  The seventh day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Exodus  12:16)
  9.  We must count fifty days-from the day after the First Holy Day Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (The Count of Omer) to The Feast of Weeks. (Leviticus 23:15-16)
  10.  The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot) is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:21)
  11.  The Feast of Trumpets is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:24)[163]
  12.  The Day of Atonement is a day of complete fasting. (Leviticus 16:29-31)
  13.  The Day of Atonement is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:27-32)
  14.  The First Day of the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot, Booths) is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:34-35)
  15.  The Last Great Day is a Sabbath of rest and a Holy Convocation. (Leviticus 23:36)
  16.  Dwell in booths (sukkot, temporary dwellings) during The Feast of Tabernacles. (Leviticus 23:42)
  17.  A Sukkah must be built before The Feast of Tabernacles. (Leviticus 23:40)
  18.  Sound the shofar on The Feast of Trumpets. (Numbers  29:1)
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Duty of the Community,
Authority of ADONAI’s Laws,
Yehovah’s Anointed
  1.  Every male 20 years old and above must give half a shekel to the sanctuary of Yehovah annually. (Exodus  30:12-16)
  2.  Listen to and obey Yehovah’s Anointed Servant, the Overseer of the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  18:15-19)
  3.  The king that Yehovah chooses must be appointed. (Deuteronomy  17:15)
  4.  Listen to and obey Yehovah’s anointed priests (The Body of Elders of the sanctuary of Yehovah under the direction of the Overseer of the sanctuary of Yehovah). (Deuteronomy  17:8-13)
  5.  When we give testimony in a lawsuit, we must speak the truth. (Exodus  23:2)
  6.  Elders and office holders must be chosen by Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  16:18)
  7.  The Elders of The sanctuary of Yehovah, chosen by Yehovah, must judge the people impartially according to Yehovah’s Laws. (Leviticus 19:15)
  8.  Whoever is aware of evidence in a case must speak up and testify. (Leviticus 5:1)
  9.  The testimony of witnesses shall be examined thoroughly by the Elders. (Deuteronomy  13:14)
  10.  False witnesses shall be judged according to the Law. (Deuteronomy  19:19)
  11.  When a person is found murdered and the murderer is unknown, the prescribed ritual must be performed. (Deuteronomy  21:19)
  12.  Six cities of refuge in the land of Israel must be established. (Numbers  35:6-15)
  13.  The priests and Levites must be given cities to live in. (Numbers  35:2-5)
  14.  Build a guard rail around a roof (if it is flat and used as living space), and remove potential hazards from the home. (Deuteronomy  22:8)
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Idolatry and Related Practices
  1.  The practice of idolatry (the worship of false gods) must be destroyed. (Deuteronomy  12:2-4)
  2.  A city which turns to idolatry (the worship of false gods) must be treated according to the Law. (Deuteronomy  13:12-18)
  3.  The idolatrous nations (nations who worship false gods) will be destroyed. (Deuteronomy  20:17)
  4.  We must blot out the remembrance of idolaters (those who worship false gods). (Deuteronomy  25:19)
  5.  Remember what the idolaters (those who worship false gods) did to Israel. (Deuteronomy  25:1-18)
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Times of Tribulation and Persecution
  1.  Our conduct must be according to Yehovah’s Law during times of persecution. (Deuteronomy  20:11-12)
  2.  The priests must address the congregation in times of tribulation. (Deuteronomy  20:2-4)
  3.  The camp of Yehovah must be kept in a sanitary condition. (Deuteronomy  23:9)
  4.  The camp of Yehovah must be equipped with the necessary implements to keep it in a sanitary condition, and each must do his part. (Deuteronomy  23:12-14)
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Our Duties to Our Fellow Man
  1.  Stolen property must be returned to the owner. (Leviticus 6:2-5)
  2.  The poor must be taken care of according to Yehovah’s Laws. (Deuteronomy  15:8, 11)
  3.  When a Hebrew slave goes free, the owner must give him gifts. (Deuteronomy  15:12-14, 18)
  4.  Loans to brothers must be without interest. (Exodus  22:25)
  5.  Loans to the foreigner may be with interest. (Deuteronomy  23:21)
  6.  Restore a pledge for a loan to its owner if he needs it. (Deuteronomy  24:12-13)
  7.  Pay the hired worker his wages on time. (Deuteronomy  24:15)
  8.  Permit the poor to eat of the produce of the vineyard or the standing grain. (Deuteronomy  23:24-25)
  9.  Help a stranger who has a fallen animal. (Exodus  23:5)
  10.  Help your brother who has a fallen animal. (Deuteronomy  22:4)
  11.  Lost property must be restored to its owner. (Exodus  23:4; Deut 22:1)
  12.  Those who sin must be corrected. (Leviticus 19:17)
  13.  Love your neighbor, whether a brother or an enemy, as yourself. (Leviticus 19:18)
  14.  Love the stranger and the new convert among you. (Deuteronomy  10:19)
  15.  Use only honest weights and measures. (Leviticus 19:36)
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Family
  1.  Show honor and respect for Yehovah’s appointed teachers. (Leviticus 19:32)
  2.  Show honor and respect to parents. (Exodus  20:12)
  3.  Become Holy as Yehovah is Holy. (Leviticus 19:2)
  4.  Bring forth the Holy Seed, the 144,000 Holy Priesthood promised to Abraham. (Genesis 1:28)
  5.  Marriage must be according to Yehovah’s laws. (Deuteronomy  24:1)
  6.  A bridegroom is to rejoice with his bride. (Deuteronomy  24:5)
  7.  All males must be circumcised, newborn males on the eighth day. (Genesis 17:10-12, 14)
  8.  Should a man die childless, his brother must either marry the widow. (Deuteronomy  25:5-6)
  9.  He may release his brother’s widow. (Deuteronomy  25:7-10)
  10.  A man who violates a virgin must pay the bride price, marry her if her father permits, and may never divorce her. (Deuteronomy  22:29)
  11.  The Elders must judge in a case of premarital promiscuity. (Deuteronomy  22:13-15)
  12.  A woman’s father may utterly refuse to give his daughter to a man even though he pays the bride price. (Exodus  22:16-17)
  13.  The female captive must be treated in accordance with special regulations concerning repentance and conversion. (Deuteronomy  21:11-14)
  14.  Divorce can only be for the cause of premarital fornication by the bride. (Deuteronomy  24:1-4)
  15.  A woman suspected of adultery must submit to the required test. (Numbers  5:12-15)
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Judgments
  1.  When required by Law, the judges must administer the appropriate punishment. (Deuteronomy  25:2-3)
  2.  The Law concerning unintentional homicide. (Numbers  35:22-29)
  3.  The Law concerning murder. (Deuteronomy  19:11-13)
  4.  There is one Law for all-for the Israelite and for the stranger. (Numbers  15:15-16)
  5.  One who sins (breaks any of Yehovah’s Laws) whether intentionally or unintentionally is guilty. (Leviticus 5:17; Num 15:30)
  6.  The penalty for sin, which is the breaking (transgression) of Yehovah’s laws, is death. (Numbers  15:30-31)
  7.  Atonement can be made through the Righteous High Priest for those who truly repent of sin and turn in complete obedience to Yehovah’s Laws. (Leviticus 16:16, 32-34)
  8.  The body of one who is executed must be buried the same day. (Deuteronomy  21:23)
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Servants (Employees?)
  1.  Hebrew slaves must be treated according to the special Laws for them. (Exodus  21:2-6)
  2.  The owner or his son may marry his Hebrew maidservant. (Exodus  21:8-9)
  3.  If the owner or his son does not marry his Hebrew maidservant, he must allow her father to redeem her. (Exodus  21:8)
  4.  The regulation of the foreign slaves. (Leviticus 25:44-46)
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Lawsuits
  1.  Judgment must be rendered in the case of injury caused by a person. (Exodus  21:18-25)
  2.  Judgment must be rendered in the case of injury cause by an animal. (Exodus  21: 28-32)
  3.  Judgment must be rendered in the case of injury caused to an animal. (Exodus  21:33-36)
  4.  A thief must make full restitution or else be sold for his theft. (Exodus  22:1-4)
  5.  Judgment must be rendered in cases of property damage caused by animals. (Exodus  22:5)
  6.  Judgment must be rendered in cases of fire damage. (Exodus  22:6)
  7.  Judgment must be rendered in cases involving items held for safe-keeping. (Exodus  22:7-8)
  8.  Judgment must be rendered in cases involving animals held for safe-keeping. (Exodus  22:10-13)
  9.  Judgment must be rendered in cases of claims against a borrower. (Exodus  22:14-15)
  10.  Judgment must be rendered in disputes arising out of sales. (Leviticus 25:14-17)
  11.  Judgment must be rendered in disputes over possession of property. (Exodus  22:9)
  12.  Monetary restitution must be paid in cases involving bodily damage. (Deuteronomy  25:11-12) (Exodus  21:18-25)
  13.  Judgment must be rendered in disputes arising out of inheritance. (Numbers  27:8-11) (Deuteronomy  21:15-17)

365 Negative Commandments

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False Gods and Related Practices
  1.  Do not trust in any power but Yehovah. (Exodus  20:3)
  2.  Do not make images of the gods (false gods) to be worshiped (Exodus  20:4)
  3.  Do not take on the character of the gods (the false gods). (Leviticus 19:4)
  4.  Do not make gods (false gods) out of anything. (Exodus  20:23)
  5.  Do not bow down to any false god. (Exodus  20:5)
  6.  Do not worship, serve, obey nor follow the ways (laws) of the false gods. (Deuteronomy  4:15-19)
  7.  Do not sacrifice children to any false god. (Leviticus 18:21)
  8.  Do not seek after mediums. (Leviticus 19:31)
  9.  Do not seek after familiar spirits. (Leviticus 19:31)
  10.  Do not seek to learn the ways of the false gods in order to follow them. (Deuteronomy  12:30)
  11.  Do not use a sacred pillar or pole for the worship of Yehovah, do not set the Feasts by it. (Deuteronomy  16:21-22)
  12.  Do not make false gods out of carved stone. (Leviticus 26:1)
  13.  Do not worship Asherah, the Queen of Heaven. (Deuteronomy  16:21)
  14.  Do not vow or worship in the name of a false god. (Exodus  23:13)
  15.  Do not teach or entice any community to worship false gods. (Deuteronomy  13:12-14)
  16.  Do not teach or entice any individual to worship false gods. (Deuteronomy  13:6-8)
  17.  Do not listen to any one who teaches or practices idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  13:8)
  18.  Do not give in to anyone who teaches or practices idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  13:8)
  19.  Do not pity anyone who teaches idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  13:8)
  20.  Do not spare anyone who teaches idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  13:8)
  21.  Do not conceal the fact when someone tries to teach idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  13:8)
  22.  Do not lust after the wealth of the false gods. (Deuteronomy  7:25)
  23.  Do not rebuild that which has been devoted to idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  13:16)
  24.  Do not make use of property used for idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  13:17)
  25.  Do not bring idolatry (the worship of false gods) into the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  7:26)
  26.  Do not teach in the name of any false god. (Deuteronomy  18:20)
  27.  Do not teach or prophesy falsely in the Name of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  18:20)
  28.  Do not listen to one who teaches in the name of any false god. (Deuteronomy  13:3-4)
  29.  Do not reverence one who teaches in the name of any false god. (Deuteronomy  18:22)
  30.  Do not imitate the ways of idolaters (worshipers of false gods) or practice their customs. (Leviticus 20:23)
  31.  Do not practice foretelling the future by consulting the false gods. (Leviticus 19:26)
  32.  Do not practice astrology. (Leviticus 19:26)
  33.  Do not practice foretelling the future by interpreting omens. (Deuteronomy  18:10-11)
  34.  Do not practice sorcery. (Deuteronomy  18:10-11)
  35.  Do not practice magic. (Deuteronomy  18:10-11)
  36.  Do not practice witchcraft. (Deuteronomy  18:10-11)
  37.  Do not consult with demon spirits (false gods). (Deuteronomy  18:10-11)
  38.  Do not attempt to contact the dead; they know nothing. (Deuteronomy  18:10-11)
  39.  Women must not wear a man’s Holy Garments. (Deuteronomy  22:5)
  40.  Men must not wear a woman’s Holy Garments. (Deuteronomy  22:5)
  41.  Do not tattoo yourself. (Leviticus 19:28)
  42.  Do not wear Holy Garments made of both wool and linen. (Deuteronomy  22:11)
  43.  Do not shave the sides of your head in honor of the dead. (Leviticus 19:27)
  44.  Do not shave the sides of your beard in honor of the dead. (Leviticus 19:27)
  45.  Do not cut your bodies in honor of the dead. (Leviticus 19:28)
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Alliances With Idolatrous Nations
  1.  Do not return to the ways of idolatry (the worship of false gods) and sin. (Deuteronomy  17:16)
  2.  Do not follow teachings other than the Law of Yehovah taught by the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Numbers  15:39)
  3.  Do not make allies with idolatrous nations (nations who worship false gods). (Exodus  34:15)
  4.  Do not spare any of the idolatrous nations (nations who worship false gods). (Deuteronomy  20:16-18)
  5.  Do not show mercy to the idolatrous nations (nations who worship false gods). (Deuteronomy  7:2)
  6.  Do not permit idolaters (worshipers of false gods) who refuse to repent to remain in the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Exodus  23:32-33)
  7.  Do not make marriages with idolaters (worshipers of false gods). (Deuteronomy  7:3)
  8.  Do not allow a idolater (a worshiper of false gods) to join the sanctuary of Yehovah unless he repents. (Deuteronomy  23:3-4)
  9.  Do not abhor an Edomite who repents. (Deuteronomy  23:7)
  10.  Do not abhor an Egyptian who repents. (Deuteronomy  23:7)
  11.  Do not have fellowship with a idolater (a worshiper of false gods) who refuses to repent. (Deuteronomy  23:6)
  12.  Do not destroy fruit trees. (Deuteronomy  20:19)
  13.  Do not fear the adversaries of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  7:21)
  14.  Do not forget the evil done by the adversaries of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  25:19)
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Blasphemy
  1.  You must not blaspheme the Holy Name of Yehovah, professing to keep Yehovah’s Laws yet practicing sin. (Leviticus 24:16)
  2.  Do not break an oath or vow made in the Name of Yehovah. (Leviticus 19:12)
  3.  Do not take Yehovah’s Name and bring it to nothing by hiding Yehovah’s Name. (Exodus  20:7)
  4.  Do not profane Yehovah’s Name. (Leviticus 22:32)
  5.  Do not test Yehovah by doubting or rebelling. (Deuteronomy  6:16)
  6.  Do not worship Yehovah in the ways of idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  12:4)
  7.  Do not allow the body of one hanged to remain so overnight. (Deuteronomy  21:22-23)
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The Sanctuary of Yehovah
  1.  Do not neglect the duty of guarding the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Numbers  18:4-5)
  2.  The High Priest must not enter the Holy of Holies without the appropriate sacrifice. (Leviticus 16:2)
  3.  A priest with a defect or blemish must not enter the Holy of Holies at all. (Leviticus 21:21-23)
  4.  A priest with a defect or blemish must not come near to offer the food of Yehovah. (Leviticus 21:17)
  5.  A priest with a temporary blemish must not participate in the service there until it has healed. (Leviticus 21:18)
  6.  The priests must not exchange their duties with their assistants, the Levites. (Numbers  18:2-3)
  7.  The priests must not drink wine or strong drink before entering the inner court of the sanctuary of Yehovah to perform their duties or teach the Law. (Leviticus 10:9-11)
  8.  No one other than the priests may come near to minister to Yehovah. (Numbers  18:4, 22)
  9.  The priests must not serve in the inner court of the sanctuary of Yehovah while ritually unclean. (Leviticus 22:2-9)
  10.  The priests must not eat of the Holy Offerings while ritually unclean. (Leviticus 22:6-7)
  11.  Do not enter the inner court of the sanctuary of Yehovah while ritually unclean. (Numbers  5:3)
  12.  Do not fail to ritually purify by laundering and bathing at the appointed time after becoming ritually unclean. (Numbers  19:20; Lev 17:16)
  13.  Do not build an altar of cut stone. (Exodus  20:25)
  14.  The priests must not go up to the altar by steps. (Exodus  20:26)
  15.  The priests must not allow the fire on the altar to be extinguished. (Leviticus 6:13)
  16.  The priests must not burn any unauthorized incense on the golden altar. (Exodus  30:9)
  17.  Do not make oil according to the holy anointing oil for personal use. (Exodus  30:31-33)
  18.  The holy anointing oil must not be misused. (Exodus  30:32)
  19.  Do not make incense according to the formula of the holy incense for personal use. (Exodus  30:37)
  20.  Do not remove the poles from the Ark of the Covenant. (Exodus  25:15)
  21.  Do not remove the breastplate from the ephod. (Exodus  28:28)
  22.  Do not make the Holy Garments improperly, so that they tear. (Exodus  28:32)
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Sacrifices, Tithes, and Offerings
  1.  Do not offer sacrifices or Tithes and Offerings except to the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  12:13-14)
  2.  Do not offer consecrated animals except to the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Leviticus 17:3-7)
  3.  Do not sanctify a blemished animal as an Offering to Yehovah. (Leviticus 22:20, 22, 24)
  4.  Do not slaughter a blemished animal as an Offering to Yehovah. (Leviticus 22:22)
  5.  Do not sprinkle the blood of a blemished animal on the altar of Yehovah. (Leviticus 22:19-24)
  6.  Do not burn the sacrificial portions of a blemished animal. (Leviticus 22:22)
  7.  Do not offer an animal with even a temporary blemish. (Deuteronomy  17:1)
  8.  Do not accept a blemished offering from a Gentile. (Leviticus 22:25)
  9.  Do not inflict a blemish on an animal consecrated as an offering. (Leviticus 22:21)
  10.  Do not offer any leaven or honey on the altar. (Leviticus 2:11)
  11.  Do not offer a sacrifice without salt. (Leviticus 2:13)
  12.  Do not bring the financial gain from idolatry (the worship of false gods) into the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  23:18)
  13.  Do not kill an animal and its young on the same day. Lev 22:28)
  14.  Do not use olive oil in the Sin Offering of the poor man. (Leviticus 5:11)
  15.  Do not use frankincense in the Sin Offering of the poor man. (Leviticus 5:11)
  16.  Do not use olive oil in the grain Offering of jealousy. (Numbers  5:15)
  17.  Do not use frankincense in the grain Offering of jealousy. (Numbers  5:15)
  18.  Do not make substitutes for any vowed Offerings. (Leviticus 27:10)
  19.  Do not dedicate the firstborn of an animal since it already belongs to Yehovah and must be given to the priests. (Leviticus 27:26)
  20.  Do not redeem the firstborn of clean animals, since they belong to Yehovah and must be given to the priests. (Numbers  18:17-18)
  21.  Do not redeem the Tithes; they belong to Yehovah and must be given to the priests. (Leviticus 27:32-33)
  22.  Do not sell dedicated property, it belongs to Yehovah and must be given to the priests. (Leviticus 27:21, 28)
  23.  Do not redeem dedicated property after the specified time; it belongs to Yehovah and must be given to the priests. (Leviticus 27:28)
  24.  Do not sever the head of a bird offered as a Sin Offering. (Leviticus 5:7-8)
  25.  Do not work with a dedicated animal. (Deuteronomy  15:19)
  26.  Do not shear a dedicated animal. (Deuteronomy  15:19)
  27.  Do not offer the Passover Lamb with leaven. (Exodus  34:25)
  28.  Do not allow the sacrificial fat of the Passover Lamb to remain overnight. (Exodus  23:18)
  29.  Do not allow the meat of the Passover Lamb to remain overnight. (Exodus  12:10)
  30.  Do not leave any part of the additional Offering overnight. (Deuteronomy  16:4)
  31.  Do not allow any part of the second Passover Lamb to remain overnight. (Numbers  9:12)
  32.  Do not leave any part of the thanksgiving Offering until morning. (Leviticus 22:29-30)
  33.  Do not break any bones of the Passover Lamb. (Exodus  12:46)
  34.  Do not break any bones of the second Passover Lamb. (Numbers  9:12)
  35.  Do not remove the Passover Lamb from the sanctuary where it is eaten. (Exodus  12:46)
  36.  Do not bake the remainder of the grain Offering with leaven. (Leviticus 6:17)
  37.  Do not eat the Passover Lamb raw or boiled. (Exodus  12:9)
  38.  Do not allow the stranger or hired servant to eat of the Passover Lamb. (Exodus  12:45)
  39.  Do not allow any uncircumcised person to eat of the Passover Lamb. (Exodus  12:48)
  40.  Do not allow one that has fallen away (become a stranger) to eat of the Passover Lamb. (Exodus  12:43)
  41.  Do not eat of the Holy Offerings while ritually unclean. (Leviticus 22:2-6)
  42.  Do not eat any food which becomes ritually unclean. (Leviticus 7:19)
  43.  Do not eat of the sacrifices which remain after the third day, they must be burned. (Leviticus 19:6-8)
  44.  Sacrifices remaining past the third day will not be accepted by Yehovah. (Leviticus 7:16-18)
  45.  No one outside of the priest’s family may eat of the Most Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:10-11)
  46.  No stranger or hired worker may eat of the Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:10)
  47.  No uncircumcised person may eat of the Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:10)
  48.  The priests must not eat of the Holy Offerings while ritually unclean. (Leviticus 22:2-9)
  49.  The daughter of a priest who is married to a non-priest must not eat of Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:12-13)
  50.  Do not eat the grain Offering which the priest himself offers. (Leviticus 6:20-23)
  51.  Do not eat of the sin Offering whose blood is sprinkled on the inner altar. (Leviticus 6:30)
  52.  Do not eat any abominable thing, whether unclean meat or blemished Offerings. (Deuteronomy  14:3)
  53.  Do not eat the second tithe of grain except at Yehovah’s Feast at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  12:17-8)
  54.  Do not drink the second tithe of wine except at Yehovah’s Feast at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  12:17-18)
  55.  Do not eat the second tithe of oil except at Yehovah’s Feast at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  12:17-18)
  56.  Do not eat the feast sacrifices except at Yehovah’s Feast at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  12:17-18)
  57.  The priests may not eat the Second Tithes except at Yehovah’s Feast at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  12:17-18)
  58.  The priests must not eat the meat of the burnt Offering at all. (Leviticus 1:9)
  59.  The meat from any of the sacrifices must not be eaten before the blood has been sprinkled on the altar. (Deuteronomy  12:17)
  60.  The priests must not eat of the Holy Offerings except at a Holy Place (the sanctuary of Yehovah). (Leviticus 10:13-14)
  61.  Do not allow a stranger to eat of the Most Holy Offering. (Exodus  29:33)
  62.  Do not eat of the second tithe while at home in a state of ritual impurity (not during the Feast). (Deuteronomy  26:14)
  63.  Do not eat of the second tithe in honor of the dead. (Deuteronomy  26:14)
  64.  Do not eat of the second tithe in honor of any false god. (Deuteronomy  26:14)
  65.  Do not allow any unauthorized person to eat of the Holy Offerings. (Leviticus 22:14-16)
  66.  Do not delay to pay Tithes and Offerings to Yehovah at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Exodus  22:29)
  67.  Do not delay to pay vows to Yehovah at the sanctuary of Yehovah. (Deuteronomy  23:21)
  68.  Do not appear before Yehovah at His Feasts at the sanctuary of Yehovah empty-handed (without an Offering). (Deuteronomy  16:16-17)
  69. Num
  70.  Do not break vows and oaths to Yehovah. (30:2)
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The Priesthood
  1.  A priest must not marry a woman who is a harlot (zonah). (Leviticus 21:6-8)
  2.  A priest must not marry a woman who refuses to repent of idolatry (chalalah-a woman who worships false gods). (Leviticus 21:7)
  3.  A priest must not marry a woman divorced from her lawful husband. (Leviticus 21:7)
  4.  The High Priest must not marry a widow. (Leviticus 21:14)
  5.  The High Priest must not marry a woman defiled by harlotry or idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Leviticus 21:14)
  6.  Priests must not allow their hair to grow long. (Leviticus 10:6)
  7.  Priests must not tear, or serve with torn Holy Garments. (Leviticus 10:6)
  8.  Priests must not forsake their appointed office. (Leviticus 10:7)
  9.  Priests must not become ritually unclean except for their nearest relatives. (Leviticus 21:1-4)
  10.  The High Priest must not go near any dead body. (Leviticus 21:11)
  11.  The High Priest must not become ritually impure for any dead body. (Leviticus 21:11)
  12.  The tribe of Levi shall have no part in the division of the land of Israel. (Deuteronomy  18:1)
  13.  The tribe of Levi shall have no inheritance other than Yehovah’s Portion. (Numbers  18:20)
  14.  Do not shave your head in honor of the dead. (Deuteronomy  14:1; Lev 21:5)
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Dietary Laws
HERE is a simple explanation of the Dietary Laws
  1.  Do not eat any unclean animal. (Deuteronomy  14:7-8)
  2.  Do not eat any unclean fish or seafood. (Leviticus 11:10-12)
  3.  Do not eat any unclean fowl. (Leviticus 11:13)
  4.  Do not eat any unclean flying insect. (Leviticus 11:20-23)
  5.  Do not eat any insects that creep on the ground. (Leviticus 11:41)
  6.  Do not eat any reptiles. (Leviticus 11:44)
  7.  Do not eat worms found in fruit or produce. (Leviticus 11 :42)
  8.  Do not eat any swarming insects. (Leviticus 11:43; Deut 14:19)
  9.  Do not eat any animal found already dead. (Deuteronomy  14:21)
  10.  Do not eat a torn or mauled animal. (Exodus  22:31)
  11.  Do not eat any meat with the blood still in it; neither eat any meat not fully cooked. Only when meat is cooked until it is white inside with no tinge of red or pink whatsoever insures that all blood had been removed. (Deuteronomy  12:23)
  12.  Do not touch the carcass of an unclean animal. (Leviticus 11:8)
  13.  Do not eat blood. (Leviticus 7:26-27)
  14.  Do not eat the fat of sacrificed animals. (Leviticus 7:23, 25)
  15.  Do not boil a kid (young goat) in its mother’s milk, since it is a ritual of idolaters (those who worship false gods). (Exodus  23:19)[186]
  16.  Do not eat of or offer any sacrifices to the gods (false gods). (Leviticus 17:7)
  17.  Do not eat the meat of a bull that has been stoned to death for goring someone. (Exodus  21:28)
  18.  Do not eat any bread in celebration of the Feast until the Omer Offering has been presented to the priests on the fifteenth of Abib. (Leviticus 23:14, 10)
  19.  Do not eat any parched grain in celebration of the Feast until the Omer Offering has been presented to the priests on the fifteenth of Abib. (Leviticus 23:14)
  20.  Do not eat of the fresh green ears in celebration of the Feast until the Omer Offering has been presented to the priests on the fifteenth of Abib. (Leviticus 23:14)
  21.  Do not eat the fruit of young fruit trees for the first three years of growth. (Leviticus 19:23)
  22.  Do not eat the produce from the planting of mixed seed. (Deuteronomy  22:9)
  23.  Do not partake of drink offerings to the gods (false gods). (Deuteronomy  32:38)
  24.  Drunkenness of any sort is prohibited. (Deuteronomy  21:20)
  25.  Do not eat or drink anything on the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 23:29, 32)
  26.  Do not eat leavened bread during The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus  13:3)
  27.  Do not eat any leavened product during The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus  12:20)
  28.  Do not eat leavened bread with the Passover Lamb. (Deuteronomy  16:3)
  29.  No leavened bread is to be found in any of our possessions during The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus  13:7)
  30.  No leavening is to be found in any of our possessions during The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus  12:19)
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Nazirites
  1.  A Nazirite must not drink wine or any beverage made from grapes. (Numbers  6:3)
  2.  A Nazirite must not eat fresh grapes. (Numbers  6:3)
  3.  A Nazirite must not eat raisins. (Numbers  6:3)
  4.  A Nazirite must not eat grape seeds. (Numbers  6:4)
  5.  A Nazirite may not eat the skins of grapes. (Numbers  6:4)
  6.  A Nazirite must not become ritually impure for the dead. (Numbers  6:7)
  7.  A Nazirite must not go near a dead body. (Numbers  6:6)
  8.  A Nazirite must not shave his hair during the time of his separation. (Numbers  6:5)
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Agriculture
  1.  Do not harvest the corners of a field; they are for the poor. (Leviticus 23:22)
  2.  Do not gather the gleanings of a field; they are for the poor. (Leviticus 23:22)
  3.  Do not gather all the olives from the trees, the remaining are for the poor. (Deuteronomy  24:20)
  4.  Do not gather all the grapes from the vineyard; the remaining are for the poor. (Leviticus 19:10)
  5.  Do not return to pick up a forgotten sheaf from a field; it is for the poor. (Deuteronomy  24:19)
  6.  Do not plant a field with two kinds of seed. (Leviticus 19:19)
  7.  Do not plant a vineyard with two kinds of seed. (Deuteronomy  22:9)
  8.  Do not crossbreed different species of animals. (Leviticus 19:19)
  9.  Do not work with two different species of animals yoked together. (Deuteronomy  22:10)
  10.  Do not muzzle the ox that treads out the grain. (Deuteronomy  25:4)
  11.  Do not till the earth or sow the fields in the seventh year. (Leviticus 25:4)
  12.  Do not prune your vineyard or trees in the seventh year. (Leviticus 25:4)
  13.  Do not reap your harvest in the seventh year. (Leviticus 25:5)
  14.  Do not gather the grapes of the untended vine in the seventh year. (Leviticus 25:5)
  15.  Do not till the earth or sow the fields in the Jubilee year. (Leviticus 25:11)
  16.  Do not reap the harvest in the Jubilee year. (Leviticus 25:11)
  17.  Do not gather the grapes of the untended vines in the Jubilee year. (Leviticus 25:11)
  18.  The land must not be sold permanently. (Leviticus 25:23)
  19.  Do not sell the land belonging to the priests and Levites. (Leviticus 25:34)
  20.  Do not neglect the priests and Levites. (Deuteronomy  12:19)
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Business Practices, Treatment of Servants (Employees?)
  1.  Do not demand repayment of a loan after the seventh year. (Deuteronomy  15:2)
  2.  Do not refuse to lend to the poor because the seventh year is approaching. (Deuteronomy  15:9)
  3.  Do not deny help to the poor. (Deuteronomy  15:7)
  4.  Do not send a Hebrew slave away empty-handed when he finishes his period of service. (Deuteronomy  15:13)
  5.  Do not demand interest on a loan to a brother. (Exodus  22:25)
  6.  Do not lend to a brother with interest. (Leviticus 25:37)
  7.  Do not borrow from a brother with interest. (Deuteronomy  23:19-20)
  8.  Do not participate in a loan to a brother with interest. (Exodus  22:25)
  9.  Do not withhold the wages of a hired man beyond the agreed time. (Leviticus 19:13)
  10.  Do not take security on a loan by force. (Deuteronomy  24:10)
  11.  Do not keep a poor man’s security on a loan when he needs it. (Deuteronomy  24:12-13)
  12.  Do not take any security on a loan from a widow. (Deuteronomy  24:17)
  13.  Do not take a man’s livelihood as security on a loan. (Deuteronomy  24:6)
  14.  Do not kidnap a brother. (Exodus  21:16)
  15.  Do not steal. (Exodus  20:15)
  16.  Do not rob by violence. (Leviticus 19:13)
  17.  Do not remove a landmark or alter land boundaries. (Deuteronomy  19:14)
  18.  Do not defraud anyone. (Leviticus 19:13)
  19.  Do not deal falsely with anyone. (Leviticus 19:11)
  20.  Do not vow falsely regarding another man’s property. (Leviticus 19:11)
  21.  Do not oppress one another in business. (Leviticus 25:14)
  22.  Do not take advantage of one another. (Leviticus 25:17)
  23.  Do not mistreat a stranger. (Exodus  22:21)
  24.  Do not oppress a stranger in business. (Exodus  22:21)
  25.  Do not return a slave who has fled from idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  23:15)
  26.  Do not oppress or take advantage of a slave who has fled from idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  23:16)
  27.  Do not take advantage of widows and orphans. (Exodus  22:22)
  28.  Do not treat a brother as a forced slave, with no hope for redemption. (Leviticus 25:39)
  29.  Do not sell a brother as a slave to strangers. (Leviticus 25:42)
  30.  Do not treat a Hebrew slave ruthlessly. (Leviticus 25:43)
  31.  Do not allow a foreigner to mistreat a Hebrew slave. (Leviticus 25:47, 53)
  32.  Do not sell a Hebrew maidservant to strangers. (Exodus  21:8)
  33.  Do not deprive a wife, or any family member, food, clothing and their own shelter. (Exodus  21:10)
  34.  Do not sell a female captive as a forced slave. (Deuteronomy  21:14)
  35.  Do not treat a female captive as a forced slave. (Deuteronomy  21:14)
  36.  Do not covet another man’s possessions. (Exodus  20:17)
  37.  Do not covet the possessions of idolatry (the worship of false gods). (Deuteronomy  7:25)
  38.  A hired worker may not harvest a brother’s grain for himself. (Deuteronomy  23:25)
  39.  A hired worker must not take more produce than he can eat. (Deuteronomy  23:24)
  40.  Do not fail to return a lost article to its owner. (Deuteronomy  22:1-3)
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Judgment and Judicial Conduct
  1.  Do not refuse to help a man or an animal which is collapsing under its burden. (Exodus  23:5) (Deuteronomy  22:4)
  2.  Do not use dishonest weights and measures. (Leviticus 19:35)
  3.  Do not possess inaccurate weights and measures. (Deuteronomy  25:13-14)
  4.  A judge must not pervert justice by rendering his own opinion. He must judge according to Yehovah’s Laws. (Leviticus 19:15)
  5.  A judge must not accept bribes. (Exodus  23:8)
  6.  A judge must not show partiality to the rich. (Leviticus 19:15)
  7.  A judge must not be afraid to give Righteous Judgment. (Deuteronomy  1:17)
  8.  A judge must not show partiality to the poor. (Leviticus 19:15)
  9.  A judge must not deny justice to the poor in his lawsuit. (Exodus  23:6)
  10.  A judge must not show pity to the guilty. (Deuteronomy  19:11-13, 21)
  11.  A judge must not pervert the justice due to the stranger or the fatherless. (Deuteronomy  24:17)
  12.  Do not spread a false report. (Exodus  23:1)
  13.  Do not fail to report sin or testify in an investigation. (Leviticus 5:1)
  14.  Do not follow the crowd in doing evil. (Exodus  23:2)
  15.  Do not appoint as judge one who is ignorant of Yehovah’s Laws. (Deuteronomy  1:13)
  16.  Do not give false testimony in a lawsuit or investigation. (Exodus  20:16)
  17.  The judges must not accept false testimony in a case. (Deuteronomy  19:16-17)
  18.  Do not judge a person for the actions of either their parents or their children. (Deuteronomy  24:16)
  19.  Do not judge a matter on the testimony of one witness, or on circumstantial evidence. (Deuteronomy  19:15)
  20.  Do not murder. (Exodus  20:13)
  21.  The judges must not condemn an innocent or righteous person. (Exodus  23:7)
  22.  Do not judge a matter until it has been fully investigated. (Deuteronomy  19:18)
  23.  Do not put a murderer to death before the judges hear his case. (Numbers  35:12)
  24.  Do not fail to carry out the sentence of judgment. (Deuteronomy  17:11-12)
  25.  Do not punish the innocent victim of crime. (Deuteronomy  22:26)
  26.  Do not accept ransom from one who willfully murdered. He must surely be put to death. (Numbers  35:31)
  27.  Do not accept ransom from one who killed accidentally. He must remain at the city of refuge. (Numbers  35:32)
  28.  Do not endanger anyone’s life. (Leviticus 19:16)
  29.  Do not neglect to protect against hazards. (Deuteronomy  22:8)
  30.  Do not mislead another person by giving unlawful advice. (Leviticus 19:14)
  31.  Do not administer more punishment than the Law allows. (Deuteronomy  25:2-3)
  32.  Do not go about tale-bearing or slandering about anyone. (Leviticus 19:16)
  33.  Do not bear hatred for anyone. (Leviticus 19:17)
  34.  Do not share in another’s guilt by not correcting sin. (Leviticus 19:17)
  35.  Do not seek revenge against your fellow man. (Leviticus 19:18)
  36.  Do not bear a grudge against your fellow man. (Leviticus 19:18)
  37.  Do not take the mother when taking the young birds. (Deuteronomy  22:6)
  38.  Do not shave a diseased area of skin. (Leviticus 13:33)
  39.  Do not remove the signs of leprosy. (Deuteronomy  24:8)
  40.  Do not neglect to inform the priests when a dead body is found. (Deuteronomy  21:1-2)
  41.  Do not permit a witch to live. (Exodus  22:18)
  42.  Do not force a bridegroom to perform military service during the first year of his marriage. (Deuteronomy  24:5)
  43.  Do not rebel against the teaching of Yehovah’s anointed servants. (Deuteronomy  17:11)
  44.  Do not add to any of Yehovah’s Laws. (Deuteronomy  4:2)[313]
  45.  Do not take away from Yehovah’s Laws. (Deuteronomy  4:2)
  46.  Do not curse, revile or rebel against Yehovah’s appointed judges. (Exodus  22:28)
  47.  Do not curse, revile or rebel against the authority placed by Yehovah. (Exodus  22:28)
  48.  Do not curse the deaf. (Leviticus 19:14)
  49.  Do not curse parents or teachers. (Exodus  21:17)
  50.  Do not strike or become violent with parents or teachers. (Exodus  21:15)
  51.  Do not work on the Sabbath. (Exodus  20:10, 31:15)
  52.  Do not conduct personal business on the Sabbath. (Exodus  16:29)
  53.  Do not kindle anger or wrath on the Sabbath. (Exodus  35:3; Deut 32:22)
  54.  Do not work on the first day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus  12:16)
  55.  Do not work on the seventh day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Exodus  12:16)
  56.  Do not work on The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot). (Leviticus 23:21)
  57.  Do not work on The Feast of Trumpets. (Leviticus 23:24-25)
  58.  Do not work on the first day of The Feast of Tabernacles. (Leviticus 23:35)
  59.  Do not work on The Last Great Day. (Leviticus 23:36)
  60.  Do not work on the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 23:28)
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Forbidden Relationships
  1.  A man must not have sexual relations with his mother. (Leviticus 18:7)
  2.  A man must not have sexual relations with his father’s wife. (Leviticus 18:8)
  3.  A man must not have sexual relations with his sister. (Leviticus 18:9)
  4.  A man must not have sexual relations with his half-sister. (Leviticus 18:11)
  5.  A man must not have sexual have relations with his son’s daughter. (Leviticus 18:10)
  6.  A man must not have sexual relations with his daughter’s daughter. (Leviticus 18:10)
  7.  A man must not have sexual relations with his daughter. (Leviticus 18:10)
  8.  A man must not marry a woman and her daughter. (Leviticus 18:17)
  9.  A man must not marry a woman and her son’s daughter. (Leviticus 18:17)
  10.  A man must not marry a woman and her daughter’s daughter. (Leviticus 18:17)
  11.  A man must not have sexual relations with his father’s sister. (Leviticus 18:12)
  12.  A man must not have sexual relations with his mother’s sister. (Leviticus 18:13)
  13.  A man must not have sexual relations with his father’s brother’s wife. (Leviticus 18:14)
  14.  A man must not have sexual relations with his daughter-in-law. (Leviticus 18:15)
  15.  A man must not have sexual relations with his brother’s wife. (Leviticus 18:16)
  16.  A man must not have sexual relations with one wife in the dwelling of another. (Leviticus 18:18)
  17.  A man must not approach a menstruous woman for sexual relations or in any way to become ritually unclean by her. (Leviticus 18:19)
  18.  Do not commit adultery. (Leviticus 18:20)
  19.  A man must not have sexual relations with an animal. (Leviticus 18:23)
  20.  A woman must not have sexual relations with an animal. (Leviticus 18:23)
  21.  A man must not have sexual relations with another man. (Leviticus 18:22)
  22.  A man must not have sexual relations with a woman betrothed to another man. (Leviticus 19:20)
  23.  A man must not lust after any woman forbidden to him. (Leviticus 18:16)
  24.  A man must not have sexual relations with a woman until he has lawfully acquired her in marriage. (Exodus  22:16-17)
  25.  Do not allow your son or daughter to marry a idolater (a worshiper of false gods) who refuses to repent. (Deuteronomy  7:3, 23:2)
  26.  Do not allow your daughter to play the harlot, allowing her to commit fornication. (Leviticus 19:29)
  27.  A man must not have sexual relations with a woman who returns to him after having sexual relations with another man. (Deuteronomy  24:4)
  28.  A childless widow must not marry anybody outside of her husband’s family. (Deuteronomy  25:5)
  29.  A man must not divorce a woman he married after having raped her. (Deuteronomy  22:29)
  30.  A man must not divorce a woman he married after having slandered her. (Deuteronomy  22:19)
  31.  A man must not allow himself to be castrated. (Deuteronomy  23:1)
  32.  A man must not divorce a woman, unless she committed premarital fornication. (Deuteronomy  24:1)
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The King
  1.  Do not set a stranger in the office of king. (Deuteronomy  17:15)
  2.  The king must not put his trust in military power. (Deuteronomy  17:16)
  3.  The king must not allow himself to be ruled by his wives. (Deuteronomy  17:17)
  4.  The king must not allow himself to be ruled by lust for wealth. (Deuteronomy  17:17)

Under Construction

Information contained in the notes represents my personal opinion. Please, by all means, feel free to disagree. Adding notes and comments will be a very long, ongoing project. Watch the “What’s New” page for notification.


Notes

  1. Tertullian (c. 155 – c. 220) claimed (De praescriptione haereticorum, c. 208) that the heretic Marcion (c. 85 – c. 160) was the first to separate the “New Testament” from the “Old Testament.” McDonald & Sanders, ed., The Canon Debate, 2002, say "[Wolfram] Kinzig suggests that it was Marcion who usually called his Bible testamentum [Latin for testament]" (p. 308, note 61). Prior to that the entire collection of sacred writings were simply the Scriptures. (“Marcionism,” Wikipedia, accessed 24 September 2021) [BACK]

 2. I have absolutely no memory at all of where I first heard this. [BACK]

 

Notes on Positive Commands

 2. The word “one” in this text is אֶחָד‪‬ echad, a compound unity; a single, unique unity would be יָחִיד yachid. [BACK]

 6. The Talmud says that clinging to Torah scholars is equivalent to clinging to HaShem. [BACK]

146. Shechita is the Jewish religious and humane method of slaughtering permitted animals and poultry for food. It is the only method of producing kosher meat and poultry allowed by Jewish law. [BACK]

163. This holy day is also called Yom Teruah, the Day of the Shofar Blast; it is never called Rosh Hashanah in the Scriptures. MORE INFO] [BACK]

 

Notes on Negative Commands

186. Please note that this is not a dietary restriction, it has to do with idolatry! The Torah says absolutely nothing about eating meat and dairy together. The clear mitzvah is to not boil a young animal in it’s mother’s milk “since it is a ritual of idolaters.” See “Takanot.” [BACK]

313. My personal understanding is that those who hold the Oral Tradition (the “Oral Torah”) as authoritative as Torah are actually violating Torah. I believe that the Oral Tradition is only an interpretation, is no more inspired than my comments on this page, and should be considered the same as any other commentary. The Oral Tradition is, however, extremely valuable for understanding how the sages thought and how they arrived at their interpretation of Torah. [BACK]

Page originally completed and posted on Friday, 01 November 2019
Revised Friday, 24 September 2021

Page last updated on Tuesday, 26 September 2023 01:32 PM
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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!

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