The Third Temple  The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)
Jew and Gentile (Synagogue and Church), one in Messiah. (Ephesians 2:14)
“For He is our peace, Who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition, …”

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!
If you don’t believe Genesis 1-11, how can you possibly believe John 3:16?
“Indeed, all who want to live a godly life united with the Messiah Yeshua will be persecuted.” (2Tim 3:12)
It is what you actually believe that determines how you walk out your faith, “but avoid stupid controversies, genealogies, quarrels and fights about the Torah; because they are worthless and futile.” (Titus 3:9)

Please Note: Absolutely nothing on this website should be taken as anti-Church or anti-Rabbinic. I am not anti-anything or anti-anyone. I am only pro-Torah and pro-Truth (see “Philosophy”), but sometimes the Truth upsets our long-held beliefs. I know it certainly upset mine! For example, see “Why Isn’t My Theology Consistent Throughout the Website?”

Developing a
Systematic Messianic Theology

“The purpose of careful theological formulations is not to put barriers in the way of people who are seeking salvation, but to define clearly the truths upon which genuine [Biblical] faith rests, so that people will not be misled by false doctrines.” [Bowman]

“It must be clearly and unequivocally stated that theology cannot save you. Only faith in Messiah Yeshua can save you. Theology can only give you sound doctrine.” [RLS]

Unless otherwise specified, throughout the Theology section of my website I use the term “Torah” in the wider sense of including the entire body of inspired Scripture: both the Tanakh and the Apostolic Writings. I personally do not consder any other so-called “sacred writings” either inspired by God or authoritative for the Believer’s walk of faith. Thus, I do not consider the Mishnah (the “Oral Torah”) as part of Torah. You should make up your own mind.

[Explanations of rabbinic citations are HERE]

Scholars Who Support a
Hebrew Origin
for the Apostolic Scriptures

A number of competent scholars contend that the Apostolic Writings (Apostolic Scriptures or so-called “New Testament”) were first written in Hebrew (or Aramaic, a sister language), basing their assertion on valid grounds.

“The writers were Hebrews; and thus, while the language is Greek, the thoughts and idioms are Hebrew … If the Greek of the New Testament be regarded as an inspired translation from Hebrew or Aramaic originals, most of the various readings would be accounted for and understood.” Dr. E. W. Bullinger, Companion Bible (app. 94).

“… we must not forget that Christianity grew out of Judaism … The Pauline epistles were letters written by Paul to small Christian congregations in Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome. These early Christians were mostly Jews of the dispersion, men and women of Hebrew origin … The Epistles were translated into Greek for the use of converts who spoke Greek.” [George Lamsa, Holy Bible from the Peshitta, p. xi]

Following is a listing of some linguistic and Biblical authorities who maintain or support a belief in a Hebrew origin of the Apostolic Scriptures:

Black, Matthew. An Aramaic Approach to the Gospels and Acts. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 3rd edition, 1991, entirety.

Bivin, D. and Blizzard, R. B. Understanding the Difficult Words of Jesus. Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image Publishers; Revised edition, 1995, entirety.

Bullinger, E. W. The Companion Bible, Appendix 95. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications; 1993.

Burkitt, F. Crawford. The Earliest Sources for the Life of Jesus. New York: Gordon Press Publishers, pp. 25, 29.

Burney, C. F. The Aramaic Origin of the Fourth Gospel. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1922, entirety.

Epiphanius. Panarion 29:9:4 on Matthew.

Eusebius. Ecclesiastical History, III 24:6 and 39:18; V8:2; VI 25:4.

Gibbon, Edward. History of Christianity. N. Stratford, NH: Ayer Co Pub, 1972, two footnotes on p. 185.

Grant, Frederick C. Roman Hellenism and the New Testament. NY: Scriber and Sons 1962 , p. 14.

Howard, George. “The Tetragram and the New Testament,” Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 96/1 (1977), 63-83.

__________. Hebrew Gospel of Matthew. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press; Revised edition, 1998 entirety.

Lamsa, George. The Holy Bible from Ancient Eastern Manuscripts. New York: HarperCollins, 1982, pp. ix-xii.

Loisy, Alfred Firmin. The Birth of the Christian Religion and the Origin of the New Testament, New York: Univ. Books, Inc., 1962, pp. 66, 68.

Rabinowitz, Isaac. “Ephphata,” Journal of Semitic Studies, vol. XVI, 1971, pp. 151-156.

Renan, Ernest. The Life of Jesus. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1991, pp. 90, 92.

Schonfield, Hugh J. An Old Hebrew Text of St. Matthew’s Gospel, Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1927, p. 7.

Schweitzer, Albert. The Quest of the Historical Jesus, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001, p. 275.

Scott, R.B.Y. The Original Language of the Apocalypse, 1928, entirety.

Torrey, Charles Cutler. Documents of the Primitive Church. New York/London: Harper, 1941, entirety.

________. Our Translated Gospels. NY: Harper & Bros, 1936 entirety.

Trimm, James Scott. The Semitic Origin of the New Testament. Hurst, TX: Society for the Advancement of Nazarene Judaism, entirety.

Wilcox, Max. The Semitisms of Acts. Oxford: Clarendon, 1965, entirety, particularly pp 56-86.

Zimmerman, Frank. The Aramaic Origin of the Four Gospels, Jersey City, NJ: KTAV Publishing House, April 1978, entirety.


Sources: “Hebrew/Aramaic Origin of the New Testament: Textual analysis and scholarship supporting an original Hebrew New Testament” on the Internet at Studies/HebrewAramaic.htm; also at Origin NT.htm, et al, unnamed author [neither page was accessable as of 02 Dec 2021]. That this list is from “Sacred Name” sources should not significantly decrease the reliability of the list itself. [BACK]

Page originally posted on  Thursday, 02 December 2021

Page last updated on Tuesday, 26 September 2023 01:32 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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